Egyptian Independence Days Celebrated in Israel – 1952 and 2013

  • Egypt celebrates national holidays which are on June 30 when Morsi was removed from office in 2013 and on July 23 celebrating the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.
  • Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood was elected in 2012 in its first parliamentary election since 1952.
  • On July 3, 2013 the military removed Mohammed Morsi from power after violent demonstrations.

Egypt celebrated Independence Day on July 11 the 66th year when Egypt became a republic. Prime Minister Netanyahu and President Riblin of Israel attended celebrations at the Egyptian embassy. Egypt is a peaceful neighbor of Israel since the peace treaty of 1979. Netanyahu spoke that they are working forward toward expanding the Gas line from Israel to Egypt and their commitments to prosperity security and peace in the Middle East.

Egypt, officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.

Today in Egypt they have two national holidays close one to the other, Independence Day of 1952, and the day in 2013 when Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood was deposed by the military. The fall of Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood connected Egypt to Israel and America supporting the need for Freedom of Religion in Egypt. Egypt as an exclusively Islamic state could not allow Freedom of Religion, only the way permitted in Sharia Islamic law. Under President Morsi the state would not allow the presence of Baha”i faith in the schools of the country.  Many Muslims believe in the ideals of Baha”i which are more liberal than fundamentalist Islamic Muslim Brotherhood ideals. Sharia accepts Judaism, Christianity since they preceded Mohammed.  Islam calls Mohammed the last prophet but accepts Moses and Jesus who were before Mohammed. They do not accept the prophet of Baha’i who spent ten years in prison in Acre under the Ottoman Empire. Egyptians want freedom of religion.

Egypt is one of the oldest nations in the world.  It is mentioned in the Bible even at the time of Abraham.  Egypt was a great dynasty at the time of Moses. Pharaoh the king ruled in Egypt and he built pyramids in Egypt which exist even today.  The Jewish people went to live in Egypt during a great famine.  They became slaves to Pharaoh.  The story of Exodus in the bible relates the deliverance of the people of Israel from slavery and bondage by Moses the prophet.  Moses, born from a Jewish mother and father as a baby, was placed in the river Nile in a floating box by his sister Miriam in fear of the decree of Pharaoh to kill all the male children of Israel.  The daughter of Pharaoh saw the box floating in the Nile River and became in love with the child Moses and raised him in the house of Pharaoh.  Moses later became the redeemer of the Jewish people.

Egypt throughout history has changed hands. Rome who conquered Israel also conquered Egypt.  The Roman Empire extended from Syria until Alexandria which is today the second largest city in Egypt.  The Ptolemaic Kingdom was a powerful Hellenistic state. The last ruler of the Ptolemaic state was Cleopatra VII who committed suicide following the burial of her lover Mark Anthony. Christianity was brought to Egypt in the 1st century. After the Roman Empire, the rule of Egypt went over to the Byzantine Empire. The Muslims conquered Egypt in 654 AD and made Cairo the capital of Egypt like it is today.

Mohamed Morsi ( 8 August 1951 – 17 June 2019), PhD, was an Egyptian politician and engineer who served as the fifth President of Egypt, from 30 June 2012 to 3 July 2013, when General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi removed him from office in the coup d’état after the June protests. An Islamist affiliated with the Muslim Brotherhood organization, Morsi led the Freedom and Justice Party from 2011 to 2012.

Egypt was conquered by the Ottoman Turks in 1517. In 1798 Egypt was invaded by the French forces of Napolean Bonoparte.  When the French were defeated by the British it gave a chance for the Ottoman Empire to recapture Egypt in 1805. The British controlled Egypt from 1882- 1952. Egypt was a puppet State of Britain.  Muhammed Ali massacred the Mamluks and established a dynasty in Egypt until the revolution of 1952.  The British presence in Egypt lasted until 1953. In 1953 the Egyptian Republic was declared. Nasser assumed power in 1956.  In 1970 Nassar died and was succeeded by Anwar Sadat. In 1979 Israel and Egypt made a peace treaty in return for Israel withdrawing from the Sinai which it had taken in the six day war.  Hosni Mubarak took power after the assassination of Anwar Sadat in a referendum in which he was the only candidate.  In 2005 Mubarak announced a reform of Presidential elections paving the way for new elections with multi-candidate polls.  Mubarak won these elections through trickery and imprisoned Amnon Nour the runner up.

In 2011 widespread protests began against the Mubarak government. Mubarak resigned and the military took control of the government. Mohammed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood was elected in 2012 in its first parliamentary election since 1952.  On July 3, 2013 the military removed Mohammed Morsi from power after violent demonstrations.

Egypt celebrates national holidays which are on June 30 when Morsi was removed from office in 2013 and on July 23 celebrating the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.

Some experts on Egygtian politics say that the Islamic State of Morsi fell in 2013 because they did not accept Baha”i faith in their schools.  Islam does not accept a prophecy after Mohammed.  Mohammed is called the last prophet. Judaism according to the major authorities in Halacha Jewish law claim that prophecy has disappeared and there are no longer prophets. Judaism will not change the Law of Moses even if times have changed.  They will also not accept another religion from another prophet even after the destruction of their holy temple 2000 years ago. Baha”i faith is difficult for Islam and Judaism. If the Orthodox would be in power in Israel they would also deny the right of Baha”i faith to preach in its land. The State of Israel is a democracy so it has no problem with these religious conflicts.

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David Wexelman

Author of 5 books on the internet on topics of Jewish mysticism, managing two websites.www.progressivejewishspirituality.net
http://www.worldunitypeace.org

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