- Most of the modern medicine today comprises of certain side-effects, complications, and risks.
- Generally, a surgeon mentions all the side-effects in detail before the surgery.
- The possible side-effects of the appendix surgery are listed below.
The appendix is an unimportant small pouch or a tube-shaped structure that is attached to the large intestine. It is situated on the lower right side of the abdomen. It isn’t a vital organ, but many people largely believe or assume that it may help a person to recover from diarrhea, inflammation, or infections of both intestines. As its precise function is unknown, the body can function appropriately without an appendix.
An appendix is sometimes susceptible due to the accumulation of stool, bacteria, and other infectious organisms. When the appendix swells or gets inflamed, there is a growth of bacteria which leads to the creation of pus. The accumulated bacteria and pus cause immense pain around the navel, which later on spreads to the lower right part of the abdomen. This infected appendix is known as appendicitis. Symptoms of appendicitis are loss in appetite, diarrhea, fever, nausea, painful urination, and vomiting.
In appendicitis due to a build-up of bacteria and pus, the appendix may rupture or burst, which increases the risk of the infectious pus entering the abdominal cavity. To stop the rupturing or bursting, the removal of the appendix from the body is essential. The surgery performed to remove the appendix is known as an appendectomy. The appendix surgery is mostly laparoscopic, i.e., minimally invasive.
Most of the modern medicine today comprises of certain side-effects, complications, and risks. Generally, a surgeon mentions all the side-effects in detail before the surgery. The possible side-effects of the appendix surgery are-
1. Premature labor: A surgery performed during pregnancy outcomes in premature labor in 8 to 10% of the cases. There is a 2% chance that the surgery might result in the loss of the fetus.
2. Intestinal obstruction and Ileus: Almost 3% of patients face this effect post-surgery. Here the passage of stool, gas, and fluid through the intestine is partially or completely blocked. If this side effect is untreated, then it may lead to more severe complications. Ileus is an immensely painful and temporary condition in which there is a lack of movement and peristalsis in the intestines. These both conditions disrupt the digestion of food and irregular bowel movements.
3. Wound infection: It is the most common complication of appendectomy. It affects around 1.9 percent of people who have had laparoscopic surgery and 4.3 percent of people who have had open surgery.
4. Formation of an abscess (a painful collection of pus caused due to the bacterial infection) in the area of the removed appendix might happen as well.
5. Peritonitis: It is inflammation in the peritoneal cavity or peritoneum (the membrane that lines the inner wall of the abdomen and covers the organs in the abdominal area). It usually occurs due to bacterial or fungal infection.
Other side effects or complications include the gangrene of the bowel, bowel obstruction, and surgical injuries to internal organs. There are no long-standing consequences or side effects of removing the appendix through surgery. However, certain patients may have a chance of getting an incisional hernia and stump appendicitis (infections caused by a retained part of the appendix).
To know more about appendix surgery and its complications contact a surgeon available near you.