Types Of Hemorrhoid Surgery: Purpose, Recovery & More

  • There are various types of hemorrhoids occurring from time to time, thereby each hemorrhoid requires different type of surgery depending upon your symptoms.
  • The surgery can be helpful for symptoms that are causing significant pain, as a doctor can remove hemorrhoid quickly.
  • While the recovery time for surgical procedures that remove hemorrhoids include 1 to 3 weeks to make a full recovery.

What Are Hemorrhoids?

These are broadly known as piles, which happen when a cluster of veins in your rectum or anus tends to swell, these swelled up veins cause outward membrane to expand into the rectal and anal tissue which can become extremely painful and uncomfortable. You can adopt various measures to get rid of hemorrhoid pain and symptoms such as home remedies, over the counter medications and creams, hemorrhoid wipes to reduce irritation. If the condition persists to be serious, you will have to undergo surgery in order to get rid of the hemorrhoid bump which may result dangerous at some point of time.

Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are vascular structures in the anal canal. In their normal state, they are cushions that help with stool control. They become a disease when swollen or inflamed; the unqualified term “hemorrhoid” is often used to refer to the disease.

Types Of Hemorrhoid Surgery & Their Purposes:

Hemorrhoid surgery aims to remove swollen blood vessels inside or around the anus and rectum. There is a wide variety of different surgical options for treating hemorrhoids.

Rubber band ligation: This is the most effective surgical treatment for hemorrhoids. It is a procedure for treating bleeding or prolapsing hemorrhoids which occur internally. The surgery involves placing a rubber band around the base of hemorrhoid which will restrict its blood supply, eventually causing hemorrhoid to fall off.

Coagulation: Coagulation can help to treat bleeding of the internal hemorrhoids, where the doctor will use an electric current or an infrared light to create scar tissue over the affected area. This tissue restricts the blood supply reaching to hemorrhoid, again, causing it to fall off.

Sclerotherapy: This procedure involves being injected via a chemical solution into internal hemorrhoid. The solution helps to relieve pain by making nerve endings numb around the area with the help of anesthetic sedation. It also causes scar tissue to form, and hemorrhoid to fall off.

Hemorrhoidectomy: This is a technique which aims at removing entire hemorrhoid with serious measures taken. The doctor will open the anus and gently cut out the hemorrhoids. They can make the cut using a variety of surgical instruments, which may include surgical scissors or sometimes a laser. After performing the surgery, the surgeon will seal all the wounds.

In medieval times, hemorrhoids were also known as Saint Fiacre’s curse after a sixth-century saint who developed them following tilling the soil.

Hemorrhoid stapling: During this surgery, the surgeon will use a special device to staple the hemorrhoids into a normal position within the anal canal. This restricts the blood supply to reach hemorrhoids and ultimately cause them to reduce in size slowly. Research has shown hemorrhoid stapling can be less painful than traditional hemorrhoidectomy and may have a shorter recovery time. However, it also contains a greater chance of the condition occurring again.

Purpose:

The aim of the surgery is to shrink or eliminate the hemorrhoids which cause pain, irritation, and discomfort. The surgery can be helpful for symptoms that are causing significant pain, as a doctor can remove hemorrhoid quickly. Another advantage of surgery is that a doctor can remove multiple hemorrhoids in one go, whereas the recovery time may take several weeks for the patient to fully recover from the surgery.

Recovery:

The recovery time for these procedures varies depending on the person’s ability. Procedures which aim to restrict the blood supply may require several days, while wounds may take almost two weeks to fully heal.

While the recovery time for surgical procedures that remove hemorrhoids include 1 to 3 weeks to make a full recovery.

People can follow these measures in order to help to make their recovery easy and smoothly:

  • Avoid sitting for long periods
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Have a fiber-rich diet
  • Have regular Sitz bath
  • Do not strain during a bowel movement
  • Use over the counter ointments
  • Always keep the anal area clean with the help of using hemorrhoid wipes
  • Avoid  heavy lifting

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Helen Kennedy

Hi, I am a content writer & blogger at Red Dash Media. And apart from blogging frequently at work, I am into reading, writing poems in the comfort space of my home. Hey, did I tell you that I also like to go trekking with friends when in the mood to explore nature and then post all those
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