Are Poland and Lithuania Planning to Leave the European Union?

  • Poland and Lithuania started having close relations since 2019.
  • The president of Lithuania first official trip was to Poland in 2019.
  • The relationship strengthened this year between the two nations.

This weekend it became clear that Poland is working on the integration project with Lithuania. Hence, it would create the new Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. This would also mean that both nations will be leaving the EU. It should be noted, Poland and Lithuania have been on the forefront of the Belarus situation.

Svetlana Tichanovskaya is a Belarusian human rights activist and politician who ran for the 2020 Belarusian presidential election as the main opposition candidate. She is married to activist Sergei Tikhanovsky, who was a candidate for the same election until his arrest on 29 May 2020; she subsequently announced her intention to run in his place.

At present, the leader of the Belarusian opposition Svetlana Tichanovskaya is residing in Lithuania due to the security threats.

Additionally, Poland has been negotiating with Belarusian opposition to strengthen it’s position for the possible transfer of power to the coalition counsel, which was created for these purposes. Nevertheless, the latter is only hypothetical scenario since Lukashenko secured backing from the Kremlin.

Furthermore, the Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, along with some Ministers, visited Vilnius on the September 17, where he met with his Lithuanian counterpart Saulius Skvernialis and President Gitanas Nauseda. Both Polish and Lithuanian publications called the visit “historic”.

Commenting on it, Deputy Foreign Minister of Poland Simon Cross vel Senko said concerning Lithuania, the following: “Analyzing Poland’s foreign policy and our relations with European partners, it is difficult to find a country with which Poland would develop such intensive and multifaceted cooperation.”

Moreover, this tight knit relationship  began only a year ago. Prior, to the 2019, Poland and Lithuania did not have similar goals and political agendas.

Lithuanian President Dalia Grybauskaite, who was in power for ten years from the 2009 to 2019. It is  believed that Lithuania should break out of the “backward countries of Eastern Europe”, which included Poland, and establish relations with the” West ”

However, this all chanced when Gitanas Nauseda was elected president last year. His first official visit was to Poland. In the union scenario, it would make sense, if Poland amalgamates Western Ukraine in the future. As prior the Soviet Era, the Western Ukraine areas were part of Poland.

The president of Lithuania Gitanas Nauseda.

According to the Lithuanian Ambassador to Poland Eduardas Borisovas, the President thereby “created a new dynamic”. In turn, Polish publications noted that the Lithuanian head of state is not alone in his positive approach to Poland.

Suddenly, the relationship between Lithuania and Poland started to strengthen. The emphasis was placed on joint projects in the field of economy, defense and humanitarian cooperation according to Regnum.

There was also an announcement made that was supported by the declaration on strategic partnership between Lithuania and Poland and the situation in Belarus. However, this is more than just cooperation, it is becoming more of an actual union between two nations that will take a life on its own.

The Union would have to be outside of the European Union zone. From the historic prospective, ironically enough the Soviets were instrumental to give back part of the territories taken by Poland from Lithuania back to the nation.

Overall, Lithuania and Poland do have a lot in common and it would be a wise union, if it materializes. By the end of this year, it would be more clear the direction of the two nations and the political and economic plans.

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Christina Kitova

I spent most of my professional life in finance, insurance risk management litigation.

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