- Legal experts say that many forms of fraud targeted at the elderly have evolved.
- Beijing courts accepted about 125,000 cases involving elderly people, accounting for about 12% of the total number of cases.
- Inheritance disputes are still the core of family conflicts, accounting for 12.9%.
Beijing is launching the first comprehensive home-based elderly care service platform in the community, combined with elderly care stations. Elderly people can use WeChat mini-programs or, with the help of the station staff, can operate selected services. In 2019, contract disputes accounted for the highest proportion of elderly cases in Beijing, and inheritance disputes remain the core of family conflicts.
Legal experts say that many forms of fraud targeted at the elderly have evolved, such as the use of “housing for the elderly” to be more covert and larger. The whole society should strengthen information while cracking down on fraud.
Why do scams against the elderly succeed? Sources said that, first of all, the elderly are not aware of risk prevention, and are easily deceived by criminals under the banner of “authority.” They are easy to believe in others because of concern or sympathy. At the same time, the elderly’s ability to update knowledge and obtain information has a certain gap with young people. It is difficult to distinguish the authenticity of false information, and there is no effective screening method for some fraud methods. It is easy to be brainwashed by criminal routines and deception.
The second is that the elderly have a certain economic foundation, the cost of living is relatively low, and more disposable funds are available. In particular, many elderly people also have fixed assets, such as real estate in their names. In addition, most of the elderly retire at home and have ample free time, which is easy to become a criminal target of scammers. At the same time, the elderly have psychological needs, such as health and longevity, social identity, and benefiting their children and grandchildren.
They also have the psychological characteristics of being affordable, trustworthy, and blindly following the crowd. This makes them easily targeted by scammers. In addition, a considerable part of the elderly now have little expenditure after retirement and hold a lot of savings in their hands.
In order to comprehensively analyze the current situation of the protection of the elderly rights in the city, a few days ago, the Beijing Aging Association organized the “2020 Analysis of the Situation of the Rights Protection of the Elderly.” The “Report on the Analysis of the Rights Protection of the Elderly in 2020” shows that in 2019, the Beijing courts accepted about 125,000 cases involving elderly people (aged 60 and over), accounting for about 12% of the total number of cases.
Among them, old contract disputes accounted for the highest proportion, reaching 43.8%, reflecting the increasing economic and trading behaviors and risks of the elderly. Inheritance disputes are still the core of family conflicts, accounting for 12.9%, and the number of trials per year is over 10,000.
Yin Zhengwei, director of the Rights Protection Division of the Municipal Aging Association, pointed out that with the increasingly severe situation of aging, the rapid increase of elderly groups, the transformation and development of economic forms, and the rapid change of the social environment, the situation of rights protection for the elderly is also becoming increasingly complex and changing, facing many problems and challenges. Including the elderly’s limited ability to protect themselves, the weakening of family protection functions, the lack of public protection, and the lack of social protection all require extensive attention from the government and society.
This year, Beijing will further improve the legal services and rights protection system for the elderly, and provide specialist legal services such as wills, inheritance, and marriage to elderly families to help them resolve legal issues. The city will also encourage the establishment of legal service social organizations for the elderly, and encourage street communities to cooperate with law firms and legal social organizations to regularly send legal consulting services to the community.