- Rostec State Corporation is a Russian state-owned holding conglomerate headquartered in Moscow.
- The work on creating experimental components of equipment and infrastructure for hybrid quantum communication channels.
- South Africa is the lead performer of the project.
Shvabe holding of the Russian Rostec State Corporation with the conjoined BRICS research announced a project pertaining quantum communications. BRICS is the acronym coined to associate five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa.
Rostec State Corporation is a Russian state-owned holding conglomerate headquartered in Moscow that specializes in consolidating in strategically important companies, mainly in the defense and high-tech industries.
For the first time, it is planned to create an Intercontinental satellite quantum communication channel using the latest elements of macro-and fiber optics, which will cover a distance of more than 10 thousand km.
Quantum communication is a field of applied quantum physics that utilizes the quantum information and quantum teleportation. The teleportation is possible due the application of the quantum mechanics.
Overall, quantum communication allows almost instant transfer of the encrypted information. Quantum communication became possible with the application of the quantum physics.
For this project the new fiber optic photons are being developed and the new technology will be the most advanced technology in the field of the quantum communications.
This is an important initiative and this type of the communication will be very hard to intercept. The security angle of such communication makes it very attractive and practical.
Furthermore, the work on creating experimental components of equipment and infrastructure for hybrid quantum communication channels based on fiber-optic and satellite communication technology is being carried out by an international scientific consortium, which includes experts from South Africa, India, China and Russia.
The special funding was allocated through the BRICS and the Russian government to fund this initiative on behalf of Shvabe holding, the Scientific and Production Association Vavilov State Optical Institute, which participates in it.
Shvabe Holding is a holding company within the Russian state-owned Rostec group responsible for development and production of high-tech optical-electronic systems both for military and civil purposes, manufacturing of optical, medical and energy-saving equipment.
Moreover, the quantum communication project amalgamates multiple BRICS members and educational facilities around the world.
South Africa is the lead performer of the project. India will be responsible for modeling fiber-optic communications and China will be working on the pathways of the satellite quantum communications.
The specialists, as part of a Russian research group, are developing an innovative optical fiber.
As the result of this large-scale cooperation will be an Intercontinental channel of quantum communications that will connect the participating universities in South Africa and China.
The distance between the two universities exceeds 10 thousand km. This will be the first such experience in the world,” said Viktor Kladov, Director for international cooperation and regional policy at Rostec.
The research project “Satellite and fiber-optic communication of quantum communications”, co-executed by the S. I. Vavilov GOI NGO, is designed for three years.
The main performer of the project on the Russian side is the Volga State University of telecommunications and Informatics.
In addition to the Rostec structure, the research group also includes the Kazan national research technical University named after A. N. Tupolev.