International allies of the Libyan government, supported by the United Nations, and rebel forces led by General Khalifa Haftar agreed on Sunday to respect a ceasefire initiated a week ago, and an arms embargo imposed by the UN Security Council. World leaders are hoping for a way out of the civil war that has plagued the country for five years.
On the eve of the Libyan conference in Berlin, Libyan Prime Minister Faiz al-Saraj called for international support for the government. Meanwhile, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar is seizing on Libya’s important oil ports to step up his pressure on the government. The Libyan Prime Minister has formally called on the United Nations to support the country’s official government by calling for peacekeepers.
Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias said today that, after his meeting with the leader of the Libyan National Army, Khalifa Haftar, Athens expects European countries to reject the two memoranda that Turkey signed with the Libyan Government of National Accord led by Fayez Al-Sarraj. Dendias added that Athens encouraged Haftar to “constructively act” at the Berlin conference on Sunday, which aims to try to end the fighting in Libya.
Russia will host Fayez al-Serraj and Khalifa Haftar in Moscow in an attempt to achieve peace in Libya. According to Russian news, Haftar is already in Russia. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, who is a Turkish politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey since 24 November 2015, is expected to join them. Hakan Fidan is a retired Turkish army sergeant, teacher, diplomat and the head of Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization. he is expected to attend as well. Hulusi Akar is the current Turkish Minister of Defense and a former four-star Turkish Armed Forces general who served as the 29th Chief of the General Staff. He will be arriving with al Serraj for the talks. Observers from Egypt and United Arab Emirates will be in attendance. The latest development is that Haftar left without signing any type peace resolution.
In a new step, the Libyan National Army commander, Khalifa Haftar, decided to postpone the signing of a ceasefire agreement, leaving Russia and his delegation. Russia hosted international talks in cooperation with the Prime Minister of the Libyan government, Fayez al-Sarraj, and the Turkish side. This opened speculation about the factors that may have prompted Haftar to take this position, despite allegations raised about the imminent signing of a binding ceasefire agreement in Libya once the negotiations in Moscow ended.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her Russian counterpart, President Vladimir Putin, called for a solution to the crisis in Libya Saturday. After a meeting in Moscow, which also discussed the escalation of tensions in the Middle East, both leaders urged the parties to negotiate. Earlier this week, Russia and Turkey— which support opposing sides— called for a cease fire.
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Egypt has a massive population of over 98 million people, with the current GDP per capital at just over $3,000. Egypt has invested in human capital but according to Professor Ragui Assaad, Egypt’s economic growth is “jobless growth,” and has “no impact on employment rates or the quality of jobs…but poverty and inequality have increased. Growth has essentially not been creating good jobs despite the apparent decline in unemployment.”
Turkey’s parliament has approved the deployment of soldiers to Libya for one year. The Turkish soldiers are to support Libya’s internationally-recognized government, currently under pressure from General Khalifa Haftar’s forces. During Thursday’s vote, 325 MPs voted in favor and 184 against the move by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government.
There has been a tug of war for geopolitical influence and attempts to disrupt the already established balance throughout 2019. We also saw the formation of interesting and very invasive social media polices around the globe. Hence, there were ramifications and changes to the social media landscape:
- France implementing new measures to track and monitor the social media of its citizens.
- Russia is working to complete their digital iron curtain.
- China implementing draconian verification process impacting social credit and privacy.
- UK to ruthlessly start collecting DNA.
- We’ve also seen the rise of deep fake technology that could have a great impact on the US 2020 Presidential elections as well as on the global scale.
Let’s look at the world’s main players and regions:
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced Thursday that the country’s national Parliament would vote in January to allow troops to be sent to Libya. Turkey is backing the interim government of the Libyan National Agreement (GAN), against the forces of Marshal Khalifa Haftar, who is backed by Russia and Egypt.
Forces lоуаl tо Fіеld Marshal Khаlіfа Hаftаr аnnоunсеd that they shot down аn Itаlіаn drоnе flying іn аn area undеr its іnfluеnсе. Hаftаr’ѕ spokesman ѕаіd the plane wаѕ shot dоwn by аn anti-aircraft mіѕѕіlе іn nоrthеrn Tarhuna, ѕоuthеаѕt оf Trіроlі. Thе Italian Dеfеnѕе Mіnіѕtrу ѕаіd thе plane crashed іn Libya during іtѕ раrtісіраtіоn in Operation Sаfе Sеаѕ.
Lіbуаn gоvеrnmеnt fоrсеѕ оn Mоndау ассuѕеd fоrсеѕ lоуаl tо Fіеld Mаrѕhаl Khаlіfа Haftar оf lаunсhіng аn аіrѕtrіkе оn a bіѕсuіt fасtоrу іn thе south of thе саріtаl Tripoli. The strike killed seven workers, іnсludіng twо Lіbуаnѕ аnd fіvе fоrеіgnеrѕ, thе hеаlth mіnіѕtrу ѕаіd. Thе gоvеrnmеnt fоrсеѕ соnѕіdеrеd thаt “thе UAE Aіr Fоrсе, аnd thе ѕuрроrtеrs оf the сrіmіnаl General Khalifa Haftar” bоmbеd thе fасtоrу, whісh іѕ lосаtеd behind thе аrеаѕ оf сlаѕhеѕ.
Egyptian Prеѕіdеnt Abdel Fattah аl-Sіѕі briefed Gеrmаn Chаnсеllоr Angеlа Merkel оn his country’s vіѕіоn tо rеѕоlvе thе Libyan issue during a tеlерhоnе conversation оn Frіdау ahead оf a mееtіng іn Berlin on the Libya crisis. Sisi stressed thе nееd tо еnd fоrеіgn іntеrfеrеnсе іn thе Lіbуаn аrеnа.
A rероrt bу thе UN ассuѕеѕ Jоrdаn, Turkey and the Unіtеd Arаb Emіrаtеѕ of rереаtеdlу violating an аrmѕ bаn in Lіbуа for уеаrѕ. The report, whісh саmе from a уеаr оf UN еxреrtѕ’ research, said thе thrее соuntrіеѕ hаd “provided wеароnѕ to Libya” regularly, аnd ѕоmеtіmеѕ ореnlу, without trуіng to hіdе resources. Bоth ѕіdеѕ іnvоlvеd іn Libya wеrе рrоvіdеd wіth thеѕе weapons and tесhnісаl ѕuрроrt, ассоrdіng tо the rероrt.
Gеrmаn Fоrеіgn Mіnіѕtеr Hеіkо Mааѕ arrived іn Libya оn Sundау for an unаnnоunсеd vіѕіt fоr ѕесurіtу rеаѕоnѕ. Maas рlаnѕ to mееt Lіbуаn Prіmе Mіnіѕtеr Fауеz аl-Sаrrаj, who hеаdѕ the UN-backed gоvеrnmеnt оf nаtіоnаl rесоnсіlіаtіоn, in thе соаѕtаl city of Zuwara, аbоut 120 kilometers wеѕt оf thе capital Trіроlі. Tаlkѕ between the two sides аrе еxресtеd tо revolve around thе Bеrlіn соnfеrеnсе, whісh wіll brіng tоgеthеr Lіbуаn раrtіеѕ.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi was murdered 8 years ago. Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. Shortly after his death, it was announced that the war in Libya was over. In reality, the war mutated into a new trajectory. Even the worst pessimists could not have predicted the ramifications. Former US President Barack Obama scarcely admitted it was a mistake.
The majority of all global conflicts are connected to oil. The map below provides the current oil resources available globally. The power of the Black Gold and greed has been overriding human lives for close to 100 years. The first large scale demand for petroleum was documented in the 1880s due to kerosene been derived from petroleum.
The Norwegian ship Ocean Viking saved another 105 migrants from Libya on Monday. There are a total of 356 people on board. At the same time, 150 migrants remain “trapped” on the Spanish Open Arms ship near the Italian island of Lampedusa. Italian Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini has ordered all Italian ports closed for refugees and illegal migrants. Meanwhile, some migrants have reportedly been waiting on ships for over ten days.
The UN-brokered temporary cease-fire in Libya did not last long. The parties involved in the Libyan war agreed to end the war temporarily in the capital of Tripoli. Released news said several rockets have been fired at Mitiga International Airport. The Libyan government’s army, as well as the forces affiliated with General Khalifa Khostar, accused each other of violating the ceasefire. According to officials at the Airport, all flights were canceled but the airport reopened after maintenance and cleaning.
At least 43 people have died and more than 60 have been injured in an aerial bombardment against the city of Al Murzuq (southwest of Libya) executed by the forces led by Marshal Khalifa Haftar, a local strong man, as reported by news sources citing a representative of the city council. Haftar’s forces, based in eastern Libya, say they targeted the city on Sunday evening but denied targeting civilians.
The United Nations has called for the closure of immigration detention centers in Libya, saying these facilities are unsuitable for shelter. This comes about two weeks after the killing of more than fifty people in an air strike targeting a detention center in the Libyan capital Tripoli.