The leaders of the African Union countries, at the beginning of their 3-day summit in Addis Ababa, sought to enhance their participation in mediations in a number of armed conflicts that are tearing the continent apart. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi announced his country’s readiness to host an African summit devoted to discussing the formation of a joint African force to combat terrorism.
The 33rd African Union Summit will be launched Sunday in the Ethiopian capital, Addis Ababa, under the slogan “Silencing the guns to create conditions for Africa’s development.” The presidency of the summit will move from Egypt to South Africa, and to President Cyril Ramaphosa from President Abdel-Fattah El-Sisi. Today, Ramaphosa presides over a closed session to present the challenges that stand in the way of Africa’s progress.
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A South African photo-journalist, Shiraaz Mohamed, who was abducted three years ago in Syria, has returned to his home country after being set free. His family has confirmed this, adding that they would give more details later. “Shiraaz Mohamed is back in the country,” his ex-wife, Shaaziya Brijlal told AFP. “Owing to his recent circumstances, he and our family are requesting that we be given some space,” said Brijlal adding that a statement will be given in due course.
Nigeria is working hard to transform itself from one of the world’s poorest commodity-based economies, where the per capita GDP is just above $2,000 per year, into a high skilled information-based economy. Nigeria, unlike Ukraine and other Asia countries, does not have a bordering country where the young and highly educated can easily migrate and dramatically improve their financial situation. Nigeria has more of its population in poverty (by definition under $1.90 a day) than even India. It is estimated that over 87 million people, about half of Nigeria, currently live in poverty.
The World Summit for Industry and Manufacturing organized a joint initiative between the United Arab Emirates and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) with a new promotional tour in the city of Pretoria. The aim of the initiative is to examine the untapped industrial potential of countries in Southern Africa and its potential impacts on global value chains, and its role in shaping the future of the industrial sector.
At least one person has died and properties have been destroyed by floods in South Africa. Cooperative, Governance and Traditional Affairs Minister, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, confirmed the fatality. “We are saddened by the loss of life. We just learnt this morning that a washed-up body was discovered in Centurion. There are also secondary problems that are arising, such as sinkholes,” Dlamini-Zuma said.
Sudanese Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok wіll vіѕіt Chаd’ѕ саріtаl N’Djamena on Nоvеmbеr 25, at thе іnvіtаtіоn of Prеѕіdеnt Idrіѕѕ Dеbу, tо hold a round оf jоіnt реасе talks. Thе ѕоurсеѕ said Hаmdоuk wіll vіѕіt Chаd оn thе 25th оf thіѕ mоnth tо асhіеvе peace іn Sudаn thrоugh thе fоrthсоmіng nеgоtіаtіоnѕ hоѕtеd bу South Sudan оn the 21st. Thе tаlkѕ wіll rеѕumе as ѕсhеdulеd tо соntіnuе dіѕсuѕѕіоnѕ оn іѕѕuеѕ аt thе hеаrt оf Sudаn’ѕ соnflісt.
Thе Sudаnеѕе Cаbіnеt іѕ mоvіng tо rеduсе ѕреndіng on the ѕесurіtу ѕеrvісеѕ and аuthоrіzеѕ the gеnеrаl budget fоr 2020 to fосuѕ оn thе еduсаtіоn and hеаlth ѕесtоrѕ. Thе sources ѕаіd that the vіѕіоn оf the trаnѕіtіоnаl gоvеrnmеnt is tо асhіеvе a соmрrеhеnѕіvе peace іn thе соuntrу, whісh rеԛuіrеѕ rеduсіng spending оn ѕесurіtу ѕеrvісеѕ. The ѕроkеѕmаn of the Sudanese gоvеrnmеnt Faisal Saleh, іn рrеѕѕ ѕtаtеmеntѕ, ѕаіd thаt the Council of Mіnіѕtеrѕ аррrоvеd thе general guidelines fоr thе budgеt fоr 2020, focusing оn thе еduсаtіоn аnd hеаlth ѕесtоrѕ.
The 11th BRICS Summit will be held in Brasília, Brazil on November 13-14, 2019. This year’s BRICS slogan is “Economic Growth for an Innovative Future”. BRICS is the acronym coined for an association of five major emerging national economies: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. This year there will be two distinct differences:
1) Hightened security measures due to the unrest in South America. During the summit, the Brazilian military will be deployed to the area.
2) The partners from other nations will not be invited. Usually, partners are invited to the summit to ink trade deals and engage in additional open dialogue.
Former South African President Jacob Zuma, splashed in scandals that led to his forced resignation in 2018, will be tried for bribery in relation to a 20-year old arms deal involving the French group Thales. Zuma, who was in power from 2009 to 2018, is being prosecuted for corruption, money laundering and racketeering linked to a huge armament contract worth 30 billion rands (or about $2.5 billion at the current rate) awarded in 1999.
Five people were killed in a wave of xenophobic violence that has rocked South Africa since Saturday. The country’s president, Cyril Ramaphosa, has condemned the attacks, calling them “totally unacceptable.” Close to two hundred suspected perpetrators of the attacks and looting have been arrested.
In court testimony, Former South African President Jacob Zuma rejects allegations of crimes and claims to be the target of conspiracies to get him out of the picture. He is accused of corruption and involvement with entrepreneurs who had an influence in his government. Zuma denied a number of accusations against him on Monday. He said that for years he has been the target of conspiracies and attempts to destroy his reputation.
In political science, a democratic transition is said to have been completed once at least two parties win elections. If that’s the case, the end of Apartheid twenty-five years ago merely marked the replacement of one dominant-party state by another. Since vanquishing the National Party— and white minority rule— in 1994, the African National Congress has won five consecutive elections, and governed alone. On Wednesday, the ANC will make it six in a row, and a full term for South Africa’s new President, Cyril Ramaphosa.