“Hydrophobic” literally means water repelling, as such a hydrophobic coating results in water molecules being repelled from a treated surface. Hydrophobic coatings and treatments are typically utilized to decrease surface energy, repel liquids and other fouling materials or for applications where having a surface that does not wet out when exposed to moisture is desirable. Most (but not all) hydrophobic coatings are also oleophobic and will also repel oils, solvents, and other organic materials when exposed to them. These repellent coatings have significantly reduced surface energy resulting in a wide variety of uses in many applications.
Nowadays, people are inclined towards eco-friendly products to combat the excessive exploitation of our mother nature. It is a great initiative to save the environment from the harsh chemicals that are being used in day-to-day products. Many companies have stepped forward to change the mindset of people and to drive awareness among them about eco-friendly alternatives.
When attempting to predict our offsprings’ physical traits or even tracing health conditions through our family tree, we often have to take a look at the most basic chemical makeup of our bodies: our DNA.
DNA or gene testing is done to identify changes or mutations in DNA sequences and chromosome structure. It is done by collecting buccal cells by swabbing the inside of a person’s cheek and sending the sample for testing at a laboratory.
If the coronavirus has taught us anything, it’s that our nation’s healthcare workers are the world’s real superheroes. Saving lives and making life better is all in a day’s work for them.
But even superheroes need a little help, especially when they’re learning to use their superpowers. Unfortunately, in a time of overwork and understaffing, it can be difficult for up-and-coming doctors, nurses, and other healthcare providers to get the training they need.
Metrology is a term often confused for meteorology yet it has nothing to do with the weather. It is the concept of measurements applied in the science and technological sectors.
Measurements are essential for innovation as they not only impact quality but also influence different technical parameters. In the manufacturing industry, for instance, metrology allows companies to meet:
In the protein-protein interaction or PPIs process, it is necessary for the proteins participating in undergoing a type of modification. Several protein-centric pharmaceuticals evolve their therapeutic and analgesic properties and effects from specific changes.
It is essential to understand that the effects of the modifications are critical to the leading molecules’ selection and design. Most of the time, ways that evaluate and introduce the alterations of protein vary. The processes and techniques mentioned in this article show that several researchers are working on certain levels to bring out favorable results. While some of them are blending proteins with proteins’ fragments through molecular tethers, others are integrating functional and biophysical ways of approach.
Scientists, Bill Gates, and even screenwriters have predicted the current pandemic which is ravaging the world. At the beginning of the first episode of the 2015 comedy television series, “The Last Man on Earth,” the subtitle reads “2020 A Year After the Virus.” A wacky story about the last man on Earth, although it turns out he wasn’t the last man but follows a small group of people as they navigate a strange post-virus world; no food production, no electricity, and many times – no sanity. Bill Gates, during a speech in 2015 warned that the next event that could kill up to 10 million people on Earth wouldn’t be a war, but rather a pandemic caused by a virus. Over the last decade, many scientists have warned us about a possible catastrophic pandemic, the world’s lack of preparation, and our inability to contain an extremely infectious virus. All warnings were largely ignored, resulting in our current world situation that features the highly contagious coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), and the resulting disease called Covid 19.
A new antibody treatment for coronavirus may provide a breakthrough against the disease, The Guardian wrote on Sunday. According to the British-Swedish pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca, if people infected with the new coronavirus are vaccinated with cloned antibodies in the early days of the diagnosis, it can be effective in the patient’s recovery.
There is a race to create faster, more lethal and precise weapons around the world. As of late, China has been focusing on entering the race as well. China announced one of the largest military budgets in history this year. However, the leaders around the world continue to be US and Russia.
The Russian private company International Commercial Space announced a concept of ARGO in the Fall of 2019. The majority of the staff is from the S7 Space company, which is the first Russian commercial company providing a full service launching of spacecrafts with the use of the launch vehicles Zenit. Only now is new information pertaining to the ARGO project becaming available. ARGO will be a conjoined project between Roscosmos, Rosatom and Rostec.
The Japanese Cabinet has announced an initiative to create a future society as part of the Moonshot Research and Development program. The main goal of the program is to free people from physical, mental, temporal and spatial restrictions by 2050. By 2030, the government of Japan plans to develop technology for piloting robotic avatars. By combining AI, biotechnologies, and a super-fast network, a single person can control up to 10 avatars simultaneously to perform various tasks from the comfort of their own home and regardless of their physical capabilities.
Scientists from the National University of Singapore have come up with, assembled and tested a device that converts the contrast in illumination between light and shadow on its surface into electricity; a device called a generator that runs on the shadow effect (shadow effect energy generator — SEG).
The National University of Singapore is a national research university founded in 1905 as the Straits Settlements and Federated Malay States Government Medical School. NUS is the oldest higher education institution in Singapore.
Astronomers discovered a satellite near a large celestial body far beyond the orbit of Neptune. It is very difficult to study Trans-Neptunian objects (tnos). They are too far from the Sun, and therefore reflect very little light. TRANS-Neptunian Objects (TNOs) are thought to be among the least evolved relics of the solar system formation, residing in the outer parts of the solar system, where the influence of the Sun is less severe than in the inner parts of the solar system.
Breakthrough research has been released from US and UK biologists who conjointly found the origin of hemoglobin and were able to synthesize proteins that were its ancestors. Hemoglobin (Hgb) is the iron-containing oxygen-transport metalloprotein in the red blood cells of almost all vertebrates as well as the tissues of some invertebrates. Hemoglobin in blood carries oxygen from the lungs or gills to the rest of the body.
Coronavirus continues to be the main topic of discussions on the news and social media. Currently, there are over 5 million cases and over 330,000 deaths around the globe. Meanwhile, scientists have developed a tissue that denies the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus the ability to enter cells. This effect is caused by a weak electric field generated by the material in the presence of moisture. Now the researchers are going to get approval from regulatory authorities and start producing masks. The development is expected to be commercially produced by Vomaris Inc.
European engineers have proposed a solution that will help the Rover not to loose power in the infinite darkness of the moon’ polar craters. The project is under contract with the European Space Agency, an intergovernmental organization of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,200 in 2018 and an annual budget of about €6.68 billion in 2020.
NASA presented the basic principles on which the proposed international agreement on the development of the moon will be based, to which the US plans to involve a number of partner States. The announcement came via Twitter by the Director of the US Space Agency, James Bridenstine.
A new report by the International Campaign to Abolish Nuclear Weapons states that global spending on nuclear weapons development set a record not seen since the end of the cold war. The ICANW is a global civil society coalition working to promote adherence to and full implementation of the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. The headquarters are located in Geneva, Switzerland.
A hidden geometric structure was found in the large-scale religious building of Göbekli Tepe, an archaeological site in the Southeastern Anatolia Region of Turkey approximately 12 km northeast of the city of Şanlıurfa. The tell has a height of 15 m and is about 300 m in diameter. It is approximately 760 m above sea level.
The Oak Ridge Laboratory announced a revolutionary project that includes using 3D printing technology to produce a state of the art nuclear reactor. The prototype of its core was printed in just three months. According to the standards of the nuclear industry, this is a super pace. The hexagonal structure took close to 40 hours to build, with temperatures reaching over 1,400 degrees Celsius around the melt pool where a laser heats and melts while adding a new layer.
Coronavirus changed the trajectory of certain behaviors. The conditions of self-isolation are forcing people to adapt to changes around the globe. There are many who are self-reflecting and even looking to change their business course. For example, a popular enterpreneur from Ukraine, Andrey Burenok, who is an owner of TripMyDream travel service launched his own Youtube channel about self-reflection.
China launched the Changzheng-5B on May 5 to test a new-generation lander. The rocket crashed on May 11. The Changzheng-5B launch vehicle is an improved version of the Changzheng-5. It is China’s first heavy class space rocket (with a maximum payload of 25 tons). Changzheng-5B has four launch boosters with a diameter of 3.35 m each.
Currently, there are over 4.2 million cases of coronavirus and over 286,000 deaths around the world. As economies start to re-open around the globe, a second wave of coronavirus continues to be a possibility. China just reported new cases, including 3 in Wuhan. Coronavirus was first observed in Wuhan in the fall of 2019. There is still no vaccine or specific protocol to treat patients with the virus.
As some U. S. states creep out of lockdown in early May, the spread of COVID infection has leveled off in the nation as a whole, but the trend in new cases widely varies among the ten largest states (see accompanying infographic).
Engineers from the University of Central Florida and the Air Force Research Laboratory have created a super rocket engine prototype. Kareem Ahmed, an assistant professor in UCF’s Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, led the research. The new system uses continuous explosions in the combustion chamber. The fuel does not burn, but explodes.
New research by Indonesian scientists claims there are 30 different mutations of the disease strain Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). Currently, there are over 3.7 million infected and over 258,000 deaths around the world. There is a race around the globe to create a vaccine against COVID-19. The US just announced human trials of the new vaccine. However, a trial stage does not mean the vaccine is effective yet.
Across the world, nation after nation is experiencing the devastating effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, with daily statistics regarding the number of tests administered, confirmed cases, death rates, hospitalizations, and patients who have recovered blanketing the news, it can be difficult for the average person to understand exactly what methods are used to analyze the spread of such a dangerous virus. To help with this, here are some of the most common methods used now and in years past to help scientists, public health experts, and many others make the best decisions regarding how to contain and eradicate such threats.
Fake news is making it more difficult for President Trump to end the Corona crisis. President Trump has made the right decisions confronting the Corona Pandemic but he is only human and the enemy is very powerful and contagious. America before the Corona crisis was divided and not interested in unity. Fake News played on the American apathy and weakened American resistance to a powerful contagious virus. Corona will make America more aware of the importance of National Unity.
The UK is currently under strict police-enforced lockdown because of the rising positive Coronavirus cases reported in the last few weeks. Everything is closed down, whether its schools, immigration offices, or other community places. The Foreign Office has already advised against all non-essential travel and also suspended any immigration activities involving any sort of one-to-one communication. So, whether you’re looking to get your British Citizenship process done or looking for your spouse visa extension, you have to wait until the current situation gets better. But, the question is, WHEN and HOW?
The United States Nuclear Fuel Working Group published its finding pertaining to the need to restore the competitive advantage to the US. The group was established by US President Donald Trump. The precedent for the group’s creation was set in January 2018 when two US uranium mining companies filed an appeal with the Department of Commerce for the consideration of uranium supplies from Kazakhstan, Russia and Uzbekistan.
New information became available about NASA’s plans to send a miniature probe to Earth’s satellite. The launch is expected to take place in t2021 as part of the Artemis-1 mission. The original launch was supposed to take place this year, but due to coronavirus it had to be postponed until next year.
Over the years, several cancer-related biomarkers have been identified, which can be used to predict response to certain types of immunotherapy drugs. However, due to the inherent complexity of the immune microenvironment and differences in the genomic makeup of individual patients, most of these biomarkers have been proven to be insufficient in predicting how a patient is likely to respond to certain therapy types.
Russian scientists from the federal Krasnoyarsk Scientific Center discovered a new method of obtaining microfibrillated cellulose, which is used in the manufacturing of biodegradable materials and medical implants. The cellulose polymer is a naturally occurring linear polymer made of repeating units of glucose. Single polymers are stacked together forming fibrils, and these fibrils stack together again to form the cellulose fiber structure that is present in nature. This makes for a very interesting supramolecular structure that consists of both crystalline and amorphous regions.
Coronavirus is still a main topic on the news and social media around the world. Currently there are over 3.1 million of the infected and over 217,000 deaths around the globe. As a result of the latest COVID-19 pandemic scientists decided to use new virus classifications. The new system will have better spread and will essentially allow them to track the mutations of the viruses. This will allow more precise research.
A new research paper has been published related to Venus. It is collaborative work between US and Japanese scientists. The main focus of the research is to answer a question that has been unanswered until now: Why does the atmosphere of Venus rotate 60 times faster than the surface of the planet? At the Earth’s equator, the speed of Earth’s spin is about 1,000 miles per hour (1,600 km per hour).
The Pentagon has officially released US Navy videos which captured aerial phenomena that authorities describe as”unidentified.” The footage was taken by US combat aircraft crews in 2004 and 2015. The US Defense Department notes that some of these videos were already accessible on open sources as a result of leaked information.
It is clear in many countries the peak of the coronavirus passed. Nevertheless, the spread of the coronavirus remains a concern and it is possible a second wave of COVID-19 could emerge. Many scientists internationally are racing to create a viable vaccine and to decipher the virus mutations in order to create proper protocol purely tailored to coronavirus treatment.
US Engineers from the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania have developed cost efficient and unique drones for space exploration. The drones are thin as paper and can travel around Mars and other planets. The work is very relevant since NASA unveiled its new Space Exploration Agenda earlier this month.
There is a group of physicists specifically dedicating their work to the physics of high energy densities. High-energy-density physics (HEDP) is a relatively new subfield of physics intersecting condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and plasma physics. It has been defined as the physics of matter and radiation at energy densities in excess of about 100 GJ/m^3.
Currently, there is is a space race. Earlier this month NASA announced space exploration agenda. NASA plans to build a mobile habitable platform. The platform will accommodate voyages lasting up to 45 days.
It is expected the lunar base should become a springboard for the preparation of the landing on Mars. It will not only become a springboard for the study of the celestial body itself, but also for the development of technologies that ensure maximum autonomy of the base. Thus, specialists will have to create and perfect methods for obtaining water, oxygen and fuel from local resources. In addition, astronauts will have the opportunity to test advanced robotics.
For the first time ever, astronomers mapped the entire surface of the moon and classified all the geological structures on its surface. This is big news and the information will be one of the key tools used for further exploration and development as well as for the space mission’s components. The information became available through the 51st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 2020 release.
Researchers have created a new material that is harder than a diamond. This material could revolutionize the aerospace industry within the manufacturing sector. Thus far the new material has only been tested in a lab setting. The Nanolettuce structure is porous. The work consists of three-dimensional carbon struts and a connecting bracket. Due to its unique structure, these structures are incredibly strong and light.
Breakthrough new research became available on April 20 discussing how neuroscientists created artificial neurons from protein strands to behave like live ones. Neurons are the nerve cells and nerve fibers that are electrically excitable cells in the nervous system that function to process and transmit information. In vertebrate animals, neurons are the core components of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
A new research paper has been published pertaining to the creation of an algorithm that is able to quickly identify the mutations of COVID-19. Now the effectiveness of quarantine can be tangibly tracked and evaluated. Labs that are working to develop a vaccine, and some that are in testing phases, will be evaluate their vaccines using this new technology.
SpaceX announced plans to send two astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) on May 27, 2020. This will be the first manned flight launched from the United States after a nearly 10-year break. “On may 27, NASA will again send American astronauts on American rockets from American soil!” – reads the tweet of Jim Bridenstine, Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
There are well above 1200 species of bats on Planet Earth, representing over 20% of all warm-blooded vertebrate animals around the world. They have amazing immune systems and have the longest life span for a mammal of their size with some species of bats living as long as 30 years. They are the only mammal capable of long sustained flight and are very “comfortable” flying in complete darkness. Remarkably, they emit ultrasonic sounds and can echo-locate objects and food while in high-speed flight. They can maneuver better than any bird, sleep and eat upside down and they even have a superhero and car named after them. Can you think of another mammal name that has grossed more money than Batman? Cowman or the Pigmobile just doesn’t have the same ring as Batman or the Batmobile.
The numbers continue to increase in US and it is predicted that in many US states the peak of the coronavirus will not hit fully until May. Hence, it could mean the shut down of all non essential businesses can continue into May. In Canada, it seems the closures will last until at least June 30th. However, the situation is being accessed daily.
It may seem that there has been a sudden increase in the number of earthquakes occurring all over the world, but this might not be entirely true. Various factors are responsible for this apparent increase. Including an improvement in the earthquake detection mechanism and an increase in population. A larger population implies that there is greater damage after an earthquake, due to people living in close proximity.
Hsinchan Tsai, who is the Oppenheimer postdoctoral fellow at Los Almos National Laboratory, and his team have designed perovskite material that underpins the detector prototype and that is simple and cheap to manufacture. The new work is cost effective, which entails a highly sensitive self-powered detector that can radically improve existing x-ray scanners.
Coronavirus continues to be on all the news around the world. Currently, there are over 2.2 million cases and over 150,000 deaths. Some countries such as Spain starting to ease the social distancing and reopening slowly businesses. In North America the coronavirus pandemic continues to roar.
China continues to resist providing any additional information pertaining to coronavirus vital data that would help the world be able to decipher its origin. Originally, a now deceased doctor who was voicing concern about the unknown virus in Wuhan was accused by the Chinese government of false statements and he was even given a warning. After his death, he was exonerated, because China’s social scoring system effects the whole family.