On Friday, the French cabinet discussed and passed the controversial pension reform project proposed by President Emmanuel Macron. Opponents of the reform have chosen this date to organize strikes and demonstrations. The head of the General Confederation of Labor, Philippe Martinez pledged to “withstand the withdrawal” of the reform project. Once it is adopted, however, the cabinet will refer the bill to Parliament for decision.
Israel this week is in the center of the world as it is receiving guests from nations of the world to join together on International Holocaust Remembrance Day. The remembrance of the six million Jews that died in the holocaust is also connected to the remembrance of the forty million people that died in World War II. Technology has brought the whole world together. The goal of every human being is united with the memory of the six million; to prevent a third world war. World leaders arrive in Israel for the country’s biggest diplomatic event.
Russian President Vladimir Putin arrived Thursday for the commemoration of Holocaust Remembrance Day, and sat next to Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. Before this, he met with the mother of Naama Issachar, the woman imprisoned in Russia for drug smuggling, whom Netanyahu has tried to free. Considering that she only possessed nine grams of cannabis, many have pleaded that the sentence of 7.5 years is unjust. Putin listened to her, and hinted that everything will be fine.
International allies of the Libyan government, supported by the United Nations, and rebel forces led by General Khalifa Haftar agreed on Sunday to respect a ceasefire initiated a week ago, and an arms embargo imposed by the UN Security Council. World leaders are hoping for a way out of the civil war that has plagued the country for five years.
Progressive liberal influences are affecting Orthodox Muslims, Christians, Hindus and Jews throughout the world. In the news is an article regarding the Catholic church Pope Benedict warns against relaxing priestly- celibacy rules. Pope Benedict resigned from his position and Pope Francis is his successor. Many people guess the reason for his resignation which was very unusual for a Pope to resign. He may have seen that in the future there would be pressure on the Catholic Church to institute reforms and he was not willing to make these changes. One of the changes is being talked about by Pope Francis regarding priestly celibacy rules under the pressures of his opponents that have pressured the church on the issue of immunity of Priests to sexual abuse accusations. Pope Francis has opened the Catholic Church to gays, and has endorsed interfaith dialogue.
Russia will host Fayez al-Serraj and Khalifa Haftar in Moscow in an attempt to achieve peace in Libya. According to Russian news, Haftar is already in Russia. Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, who is a Turkish politician and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Turkey since 24 November 2015, is expected to join them. Hakan Fidan is a retired Turkish army sergeant, teacher, diplomat and the head of Turkey’s National Intelligence Organization. he is expected to attend as well. Hulusi Akar is the current Turkish Minister of Defense and a former four-star Turkish Armed Forces general who served as the 29th Chief of the General Staff. He will be arriving with al Serraj for the talks. Observers from Egypt and United Arab Emirates will be in attendance. The latest development is that Haftar left without signing any type peace resolution.
Communal News (CN) has notched another milestone achievement. It is now being published on Facebook News. For the thousands of CN contributors, this is another venue in which your contributions to CN can be read. For Facebook readers, we have our new service at your Facebook News fingertips. Facebook News joins Communal News and Google News in delivering CN’s global fact-based news, often written by you the public. Along with the news service, CN is being published in over 100 global languages, on social media, and often finds advanced placement in organic search engines such as Google, Bing, Baidu, Yahoo and DuckDuckGo.
On January 6, the 2020 New List Conference was held in Beijing. Minako, the leader of the ecological cooperation of Xiaohongshu Social media, revealed in the conference speech that as of December 2019, the number of single-day exposures of the Xiaohongshu social media has exceeded 4.5 billion. In 2018, overall active users increased by 4.4 times, and male active users increased by 14.5 times.
Iran announced, through its national television station Sunday, that it would no longer comply with any restrictions under the 2015 Nuclear Agreement (JCPOA). Although Tehran will continue to cooperate with the United Nations’ nuclear oversight agency, the (IAEA), it will no longer fully comply with the restrictions of the nuclear agreement, with the intervention of France, Germany, and the United Kingdom.
Many countries have issued statements urging calm and restraint among all parties, since the U.S. launched a rocket attack on Baghdad International Airport early Friday, killing Qasem Soleimani. The Iranian general was the commander of the Quds Force of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps. At least eight other people have died in this and other subsequent American airstrikes.
The French language is the fifth largest language in the world behind English, Mandarin, Hindi and Spanish. France itself is the second largest French speaking county in the world behind DR Congo. Today, French language Gigs can be translated into over 100 different languages– not just English– allowing the French gig poster to greatly increase their markets.
There has been a tug of war for geopolitical influence and attempts to disrupt the already established balance throughout 2019. We also saw the formation of interesting and very invasive social media polices around the globe. Hence, there were ramifications and changes to the social media landscape:
- France implementing new measures to track and monitor the social media of its citizens.
- Russia is working to complete their digital iron curtain.
- China implementing draconian verification process impacting social credit and privacy.
- UK to ruthlessly start collecting DNA.
- We’ve also seen the rise of deep fake technology that could have a great impact on the US 2020 Presidential elections as well as on the global scale.
Let’s look at the world’s main players and regions:
The French government announced additional measures to curb tax evaders. France’s constitutional council ruled the government has a right to expand its powers to monitor the social media of its citizens in order to collect information pertaining to tax evasion. The Constitutional Council is the highest constitutional authority in France. It was established by the Constitution of the Fifth Republic in 1958 to ensure that constitutional principles and rules are upheld. It is housed in the Palais-Royal, Paris.
A rise in the attacks by terrorists in West Africa has raised concerns over French military involvement in the region. The current French operation has been on-going since 2014, coordinating security related issues with Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, and Chad. Currently, over 4,500 French troops are in the region. Despite the challenge, the French President, Emmanuel Macron vows to give a new force to the fight armed groups in the Sahel states in West Africa.
Often the capital of every country worldwide is more beautiful than its other cities since the capital city is that particular country’s very face.
Here are the 10 most beautiful capitals of the world:
London, England and the United Kingdom – Possessing a deep-rooted history, the world’s artistic capital London is the British Empire’s leading economic city. Located on the banks of the Thames, the city of London is famous for its exquisite architectural buildings such as the London Eye, Tower of London and Buckingham Palace.
The Normandy Format talks started on December 9, 2019 in Paris. The countries present are Ukraine, Russia, Germany and France. The main goal is to resolve the conflict in Eastern Ukraine. The group was created in 2014 but the talks have been stalled until now. Ukrainian president Volodymyr Zelensky stated peace with Russia is his top priority.
The uncle of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, Rifaat al-Assad, is on trial in France in a case of “unlawful enrichment.” The trial began Monday in the French capital, Paris. Assad is accused of building a real estate empire in France from Syrian public funds. Rifaat al-Assad was one of the former pillars of the Assad regime, and the commander of the “Defense Brigades,” a special force that was instrumental in the devastating attack on the city of Hama in central Syria in 1982.
On Tuesday, US President Donald Trump described French President Emmanuel Macron’s statement that NATO was “brain dead” as “very offensive.” In an interview with The Economist in November, Macron stated that NATO is in a “brain dead” state, due to a lack of strategic coordination between European allies on the one hand, and the United States and Turkey on the other.
French President Emanuel Macron has not been a strong leader. France is experiencing a negative pattern and the next election will be held in 2022. France reached its zenith in global influence in 1812. Napoleon Bonaparte became the Emperor of France in 1804. The title was created for Napoleon to preserve the appearance of the French Republic and show that after the French Revolution, the feudal system was abandoned and a nation state was created.
Aссоrdіng tо a Reuters rероrt, NATO is fасіng grеаt dіffісultу іn аdорtіng a new dеfеnѕе рlаn. Ankаrа hаѕ refused tо ѕuрроrt a NATO defense plan fоr thе Baltic states аnd Poland until the alliance offers Ankara greater political support in fighting thе YPG іn nоrthеrn Syria, news reports ԛuоtеd fоur NATO ѕоurсеѕ аѕ ѕауіng.
In rеѕроnѕе tо a ѕtаtеmеnt bу thе Eurореаn Unіоn, urging Iran to stick to their commitments under the Iran Nuclear Deal, Iran’s Foreign Minister ассuѕеd France, Britain, and Germany оf fаіlіng tо соmрlу wіth their оblіgаtіоnѕ. Mоhаmmаd Jаvаd Zаrіf ассuѕеd them оf “kіllіng tіmе,” аnd оf fаіlіng tо meet thеіr оblіgаtіоnѕ undеr thе ѕо-саllеd nuсlеаr dеаl.
In іtѕ lаtеѕt rероrt on Iran’s nuсlеаr рrоgrаm, thе IAEA ѕаіd іt had fоund urаnіum раrtісlеѕ аt аn undisclosed ѕіtе іn Irаn. In thе report, the аgеnсу dіѕсоvеrеd thаt nаturаl uranium раrtісlеѕ hаd bееn brought tо thе site bу a human agent thаt Iran hаd nоt previously dесlаrеd.
French President Emmanuel Mасrоn, whо vіѕіtеd Bеіjіng, аnd Chinese President Xі Jіnріng jоіntlу rеlеаѕеd thе “Bеіjіng-Chіnа Biodiversity Cоnѕеrvаtіоn аnd Clіmаtе Change Initiative” оn Wednesday, ѕауіng thаt thеу “ѕtrоnglу ѕuрроrt” the Pаrіѕ Agreement.
French Prеѕіdеnt Emmаnuеl Macron, сіtіng Irаn’ѕ аnnоunсеmеnt tо іnjесt urаnіum іntо thе Fоrdоw еnrісhmеnt fасіlіtу, ѕаіd thіѕ wаѕ thе first tіmе thаt Iran hаd еxрlісіtlу tаkеn асtіоn thаt was a ѕіgn оf іtѕ intention to lеаvе the Iran Nuclear Deal.
Hоurѕ аftеr Iranian Prеѕіdеnt Hаѕѕаn Rouhani announced thаt fuel enrichment аt thе Fordow nuсlеаr сеntrіfugе had resumed, Frаnсе, Brіtаіn аnd the European Union еxрrеѕѕеd соnсеrn about thе decision. “With the presence of inspectors from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Iran started injecting gas into centrifuges in Fordow,” in central Iran, state TV said today. Rouhani said on Twitter, “Iran’s 4th step in reducing its commitments under the JCPOA by injecting gas to 1044 centrifuges begins today. Thanks to US policy and its allies, Fordow will soon be back to full operation.”
While the United States announced that it hаd ѕubmіttеd thе nесеѕѕаrу рареrѕ tо withdraw frоm thе Pаrіѕ Agreement, whісh аіmѕ tо соmbаt сlіmаtе сhаngе, the Gеrmаn Development Mіnіѕtеr criticized thе US move as a ѕеtbасk. German Dеvеlорmеnt Mіnіѕtеr Gerd Muller сrіtісіzеd thе Unіtеd States’ fоrmаl withdrawal frоm thе Pаrіѕ climate deal, saying оn Tuesday іn Bеrlіn that “іnduѕtrіаlіzеd countries, whісh mainly саuѕе сlіmаtе change, have a ѕресіаl responsibility and ѕhоuld рlау a rоlе.”
Frеnсh Prеѕіdеnt Mасrоn аrrіvеd in Shаnghаі оn Monday, hоріng to promote France-China economic аnd trаdе соореrаtіоn. However, Chіnа аlѕо wаrnеd him nоt tо tаlk аbоut sensitive topics, such аѕ Hоng Kong dеmоnѕtrаtіоnѕ. Thіѕ is the ѕесоnd tіmе thаt Mасrоn has paid a state vіѕіt to Chіnа ѕіnсе he tооk оffісе. Mасrоn wіll also раrtісіраtе іn thе Intеrnаtіоnаl Import Expo. This іѕ the ѕесоnd tіmе thаt Chіnа hаѕ hоѕtеd thіѕ іmроrt fair since thе Chіnа-US trаdе wаr brоkе оut.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed in 1949. It was one of the first defense unions. The main reason for the creation of NATO was a need for a western unified alliance against the threat of the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1991, NATO integrated some former communist block Eastern European nations into the alliance.
The French Foreign Ministry confirmed Wednesday that another French researcher, Roland Marshall, had been arrested in Iran several months ago. A French research group said Wednesday that he was arrested along with Fariba Adelkhah in June. The Sciences Po university in Paris, both of which Marshall and Adelkhah are members, published the news of Mr. Marshall’s arrest on its website.
In reaction to the Turkish offensive in Syria, both France and Germany have decided to immediately halt the selling any military equipment that Ankara may use in its ongoing invasion. Notably, Turkey is the largest buyer of German weapons.
A spokesman for the Iranian Foreign Ministry has described his French counterpart’s remarks regarding the situation of Fariba Adelkhah, a jailed dual national, “intrusive and unacceptable.” At the same time, the French foreign minister expressed concern that Iran’s decision to continue reducing its binding commitments was stressful.
On Thursday, a police officer stabbed four of his fellow workers at a police station in central Paris and was eventually shot dead by police. It is unclear whether the murder by their co-worker was a terrorist act or personal. The investigation into the killer’s residential home and interrogation of his wife did not reveal his motive for killing his colleagues.
Four people are dead after an employee at police headquarters in Paris stabbed his colleagues Thursday. The attacker was later killed by police. His name has not been released and there is no official statement about the incident yet. Meanwhile, the Ila de la Cite area, situated in central Paris, is under siege by the police.
Dozens of world leaders, including German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier and Russian President Vladimir Putin, attended the funeral of former French Present Jacques Chirac, which began on Monday. His body arrived at the Church of Saint-Sulpice in Paris. The archbishop of Paris, Michel Obetit, leaned in front of the coffin of Chirac, wrapped in a French flag, before being moved from the hall outside the church, where he was greeted by a large crowd of citizens.
Current political turmoil on the continent may have some believing that international cooperation may be entering a strategic winter. But, despite some areas of irrational decision-making, France and England will continue to be the West’s most reliable defence partner on the old continent, come what may.
On September 23, 2019 Thomas Cook halted its operations. The company owned Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia. Thomas Cook was formed in 2007 by the merger of Thomas Cook AG and MyTravel Group. The group operated in two separate segments: a tour operator and an airline. Thomas Cook went into compulsory liquidation on September 23, 2019 and is now under the control of the Official Receiver. The company went into liquidation due to £1.7 billion debt. As a result, the UK Government is having to fly home over 150,000 customers from 18 countries. Brexit uncertainty contributed to the faster demise of Thomas Cook. The company was known for its all-inclusive travel model.
French President Emmanuel Macron’s efforts to arrange a meeting between the US and Iranian leaders continued in New York on Tuesday. Hassan Rouhani described Mr. Macron’s efforts to lift US sanctions against Iran as a success, but Donald Trump said in a speech at the UN General Assembly that sanctions would not be lifted as long as Iran’s threatening behavior continues. Mr. Macron first met with Mr. Rouhani on Monday night. He said on Tuesday evening that Mr. Rouhani was accompanying British Prime Minister Boris Johnson to meet with the British Prime Minister.
Dozens of “Yellow Vest” protesters were arrested in Paris on Saturday. Several hundred activists gathered at various points in the French capital, and police detained at least 40 people. Concerns were expressed that the participants in these demonstrations would disrupt a climate protest march in the capital on Saturday.
The wave of protests against the French President, Emmanuel Macron, opened this Friday with a strike on public transport in Paris. The reason is pension reform, which can lead to an extension of working time and a loss of benefits for some professions. Ten of the 16 subway lines in the capital stopped working, as well as two-thirds of buses and a good part of the suburban trains. Macron and his Prime Minister, Edouard Philippe, hope to diffuse this and other protests through a broad social dialogue before the approval of the reform next summer.
Brexit continues to dominate world news. If there is a strategy, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s next move will shape the future of the world’s fifth-largest economy. The fate of the Brexit endeavor is at stake, which both sides cast as the United Kingdom’s most significant decision in a century. Brexit is the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union after the referendum held on June 23, 2016 in which 51.9% of those voting supported leaving the EU. They voted for full independence from all EU mandates and laws across the board. The UK Parliament is now closed for five weeks and the recent political turmoil has caused more questions than answers.
Abbas Arakchi, Iran’s Deputy Foreign Minister for Political Affairs, will visit Paris on Monday to discuss a new proposal given by the French president. The announcement was made by Mahmoud Vaezi, the head of the Iranian president’s office, who said his goal was to “review the new Macron proposal.”
The 45th G7 (Group of Seven) Summit is being held from August 24–26, 2019, in Biarritz, France. The Group of Seven consists of the US, Canada, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy and Japan. France has identified the following main objectives for the 2019 Summit:
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said his meeting with French President Emmanuel Macron was constructive, but stressed the EU had to fulfill its own commitments. Meanwhile, hundreds within the Iranian opposition protested Thursday and Friday against the Islamic Republic’s human rights abuses and Zarif himself.
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has arrived in Paris to discuss the proposals by Emmanuel Macron to preserve the JCPOA deal, and is scheduled to meet with the French president today, Friday. The details of Mr. Macron’s proposal are not yet clear, but he said he has a strategy aimed at “reducing sanctions.”
In France, Francis Vercamer, a deputy of the National Assembly of France recently asked to clarify the Russian repayment of bonds from the Czarist Russia period in the 1800s. The French invested in the railroad bonds backed by the gold standard. The bonds were issued during the railroad construction boom in the latter part of the 1800s. In January 1857 Alexander II signed into law the start of building railroads to connect a multitude of the Russian regions.
France’s government under the stewardship of president Emmanuel Macron has drafted a law on bioethics. The law includes broadening the list of people who can have access to treatments such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization. Single women of any sexual orientation will no longer have to travel abroad to have children. The proposed law if passed would give them access for the first time to assisted reproduction medical techniques.
France has announced that eight European countries have agreed to co-host migrants rescued in the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, but Italy is not one of those countries. French President Emmanuel Macaron said six other countries supported a French-German plan to resettle migrants following talks in Paris.
Europe will not gamble on any uncertainty in NATO. Large EU economies are putting forth a tangible effort towards sovereign and continental defense outside of their historic NATO contributions and technology is one of their focuses. Although these new efforts pale in comparison to the combined NATO size and budget, they are a sign that sovereign defense still matters in the Eurozone. One such “startup” defense initiative is France’s DIA.