Conflicting Claims Between China and India

  • The senior commanders of the two countries will meet, and India and China will work together on the issue in the coming days.
  • It is very difficult to assess the situation on the borders with the statements of the two countries.
  • Peace efforts between representatives of the two countries began last month.

India has recently announced that it has “not yet completed the withdrawal of troops from the LAC in Ladakh,” amid ongoing efforts to reduce tensions on the Indo-China border. There has been little progress in both countries in terms of withdrawing forces. However, that has not yet fully happened, the Indian Foreign Ministry said.

Sovereignty over two relatively large and several smaller separated pieces of territory has been contested between China and India. Aksai Chin is located either in the Indian union territory of Ladakh or the Chinese autonomous region of Xinjiang. The other disputed territory lies south of the McMahon Line.

The senior commanders of the two countries will meet, and India and China will work together on the issue in the coming days, the statement said. The statement from the Foreign Ministry elaborated:

“We have said before that peace and stability in the border areas are the foundation of the bond between the two countries. That is why we hope that China will withdraw its forces and work in accordance with the agreement already agreed by both countries to reduce tensions and establish peace.”

China had earlier announced that it was withdrawing its forces from most areas. China’s Ambassador to Sri Lanka, Sun Wengdong, said that the Chinese army was just north of the traditional borderline north of Pangong Lake.

“China has never claimed territory outside our territory,” he said. “We hope that Indian forces will abide by the agreements and protocol reached between the two countries and not cross the LAC illegally into China,” Sun told the Indian Institute of Chinese Study Webinar.

“Troops have retreated in many areas due to the joint efforts of the two countries. Tensions at the field level have eased,” he said.

What is the Current Situation at the Border?

It is very difficult to assess the situation on the borders with the statements of the two countries. Reporters spoke to JNU Professor Swarnasingh, a Chinese subject matter expert, to find out.

Professor Swarnasingh said it was not surprising that the two countries had different statements about the LAC and different statements were coming from each other. “The army is constantly patrolling the borders. Those boundaries have not yet been fully determined. Therefore, it is difficult to say which army was in which area before the conflict began.”

Hence, China has not yet withdrawn from the area which India considers to be the LAC. However, China is saying that we are in our territory. Added former diplomat P. Stobaton:

“The government is now aware of the situation at the field level. Gathering information on where the army withdrew. I can assure you that the government is also doing a lot of surveys on it. We have to trust whatever information the government gives us on this issue.”

The Line of Actual Control (LAC) is a demarcation line that separates Indian-controlled territory from Chinese-controlled territory in the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, formed after the 1962 war. The term “LAC” gained legal recognition in Sino-Indian agreements signed in 1993 and 1996.

“They may not go as far as our government wants the Chinese army to go back. That’s why such ads are coming in,” Stobaton said.

“At the same time, it is important to know that desegregation can be a lengthy process. If the armies of the two countries are not facing each other, it is a good alliance. Reducing tensions at the borders is essential. Those tensions have eased a lot compared to last month. That is, we should expect the situation to improve.”

Peace Efforts on the Border

Peace efforts between representatives of the two countries began last month. Indian National Security Adviser Ajit Dobhal and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi held telephone talks. After that, there was an influx of advertising on both sides. India said the Indo-Chinese delegation had agreed to begin the process of disassembly of troops near the Line of Control with these talks as soon as possible.

China has since said in a statement that it agrees with India on four key issues. He said the process of diplomatic and military talks between the two countries would continue. However, the Chinese government statement did not mention the word “disengagement” or the process of disengagement.

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Joyce Davis

My history goes back to 2002 and I  worked as a reporter, interviewer, news editor, copy editor, managing editor, newsletter founder, almanac profiler, and news radio broadcaster.

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