- Explosions, fires, poisoning and suffocation are the dangers of a 5% concentration of household gas in the air.
- When using gas appliances, it is imperative to observe safety precautions.
- In case of serious gas problems, a characteristic whistle or hiss may be heard.
A gas and water leak is a serious, high-risk emergency that can not only damage your property but also endanger human life and health. In order to minimize possible risks, everyone should know how to identify it on time and what to do in case of a gas or water leak in an apartment or house. In this article, we will make sure to prepare you for extraordinary situations so, in case of an emergency, you can prevent a tragedy.
Due to its high efficiency with low fuel consumption, gas equipment has become widespread among the population. But with all its advantages, unfortunately, blue fuel can indeed be dangerous if used improperly. Explosions, fires, poisoning and suffocation are the dangers of a 5% concentration of household gas in the air.
Causes of gas leaks
- carrying out independent gas hazardous work, without agreement with the controlling organisation;
- illegal activities of pseudo-specialists who do not have permission to carry out such work;
- non-compliance with the manufacturer’s recommendations when installing gas equipment;
- commonplace wear and tear of the gas pipeline, destruction of its walls by corrosion;
- poor quality welding, rupture of welding seams;
- problem with flexible pipes (gas hoses)
- breaks and damage;
- a problem with the tightness of the joints, wear of the threaded connections or O-rings;
- loose closing of the gas tap or burner;
- the flame went out when the stove was on (water spilled, a draft, or the burner was simply dirty);
- the gas device is defective.
How to check for leaks at home?
When using gas appliances, it is imperative to observe safety precautions. That is why you need to know how you can determine a gas leak in an apartment. There are 5 verification methods to help you cope with this task.
Everyone knows that if you smell a pungent specific smell in the room (usually rotten eggs smell like that), there is definitely a gas leak somewhere.
The most interesting thing is that natural gas is odorless and colorless. For our safety, it is subjected to the odorization process – a special substance with a specific odor is added in a safe amount. It is worth noting that if you smell gas, then its concentration in the air is already high enough and all safety measures must be taken.
By sound or touch
In case of serious gas problems, a characteristic whistle or hiss may be heard. It means that somewhere the hose is leaking or the connections are depressurized. At the same time, the gas escapes in a strong jet, which can even be felt by touch.
To identify the problem area and confirm the malfunction, you can use a soap solution. It is quite simple to prepare it. Just dilute shampoo, soap, or washing powder in water. Apply solution with a brush to hoses, taps and other fittings. If there are soap bubbles somewhere, then there is a leak in this place.
The safest and most reliable way to detect leaks is by instrumentation. In this case, special sensors or gas analysers are used. These devices can detect even the slightest gas in the air with high accuracy.
When a certain norm is exceeded, they begin to emit special signals to draw the attention of the owners to the problem.
What to do
The first thing you should do is stop the leak while doing all the steps, try not to breathe the gas-air mixture indoors, use a wet hoe. Completely close the tap on the gas pipe, turn off the burner, thereby stopping the flow of gas to the stove. We need to notify the neighbours and call the special emergency service. To avoid an explosion, the best option would be if you completely de-energize the apartment, since when you turn on the light inside the switch, a spark may form due to poor-quality wire connections, and at a certain concentration of gas in the apartment, this will cause irreversible consequences.
Open windows to ventilate the entire room. While waiting for the arrival of specialists, do not under any circumstances try to use electrical appliances, it is forbidden to use matches, a lighter or smoke. Better to go outside. It will be possible to enter the premises only after the disappearance of the smell of gas and permission of the emergency service. If you smell gas on the landing, then do not ignore this fact. Report your suspicions to the gas service. Do not use doorbells. Organize a tour of the apartments to identify the source of distribution, knock on the door. If you do not receive an answer, leave the premises.
About 10% of Australian homeowners suffer from flooding every year due to faulty plumbing. A water leak that is not detected in time in the sewerage, heating and water supply systems can cause significant damage to an apartment, private house or cottage. For residents of high-rise buildings, the elimination of the consequences can result in a pretty penny: if the neighbors are flooded, you will have to pay compensation to all the victims.
Causes of leaks
Before moving on to ways to prevent flooding, let’s look at the most common causes of leaks. As in any accident, they can be different and are associated with both the human factor and imperfect systems.
As statistics show, a leak most often occurs due to:
Pipes and piping, like household appliances with additional accessories for them, have a guaranteed period of use. Of course, there is no need to replace your washing machine or dishwasher at the end of its life. Nevertheless, it must be borne in mind that nothing is eternal and over time even the most reliable technique can fail. The risk of flooding can be partially reduced by checking the fittings and replacing worn hoses, gaskets and other parts.
Plumbing applications of poor quality materials.
The choice of all system components should be taken with the utmost responsibility. Saving on pipes, fittings, or piping at the expense of reliability is unacceptable. Otherwise, the leak can occur at the most unexpected time and take you by surprise. Often this happens, for example, at the beginning of the heating season – pipes that are not adapted to sudden pressure surges simply burst.
Errors in wiring and connecting plumbing fixtures.
An incorrectly connected faucet, heated towel rail, bathtub, toilet, dishwasher or washing machine can cause a serious accident.
The human factor.
Theoretically, if all systems are in good working order, flooding cannot happen. However, for example, the departure of tenants on vacation and leaving the apartment unattended for a long time with open valves in the risers of water supply and heating are fraught with unpleasant surprises. Especially if you do not have a water leakage control system installed that could automatically shut off taps in case of emergencies.
How to reduce the risk of water leaking
Here are some important recommendations, if followed, it will be possible to reduce the likelihood of flooding an apartment to a minimum:
Never try to carry out any work in the common building pipes of water supply and heating. This is a collective property, which only the management company is entitled to maintain. If it is necessary to repair or relocate risers in the event of a redevelopment project, all measures must be carried out by the operating organization.
In case of any serious damage and breakage make sure to call experts such as professional Canberra plumbers.
Lay pipes and install plumbing in the apartment only in those places that are determined by the project. When redeveloping, keep in mind that rooms in which water is used (bathroom, kitchen) must be located strictly above those located on the floor below.
In case of departure for a long time, shut off all shut-off valves, and if you do not use any device often, then only them, and open as needed. Do not skimp on the quality of the taps so that the leakage protection is more reliable.
Install a water leak protection system. There are few such products currently. A lot of them have proven themselves in the best way – a water leakage control system that best meets all the criteria for quality and reliability.
Owning a home or apartment can be a huge investment if not properly maintained, the huge costs associated with renovations can hit your pocket hard. Therefore, to avoid unnecessary renovation costs, make sure to repair all the things in the article above, as soon as they appear, and learn about some household chores that homeowners should never put off or neglect.