Fifth Year of Paris Climate Agreement Amid Fears

  • The World Bank has warned that 150 million people will be forced to flee their homes if there is no solution to global warming by 2050
  • South Koria and Japan greenhouse emissions have declined. The past 5 years, the US greenhouse gas emissions have not changed.
  • Over the past five years, Iran's greenhouse gas emissions have increased by 20 percent. Saudi Arabia, Russia, India and China have also increased their greehouse gas emissions.

The UN Climate Summit is being held online with the participation of more than 70 world leaders as the effects of fossil energy use, deforestation, forest burning, ocean pollution and human conflict with nature become more apparent than ever.  During this pandemic, they are also saving carbon emissions by conducting their meeting online.

Greenland ice sheet.

Advocates against Global Warming speak of the melting of polar ice caps, rising sea levels, very hot and long summers leading to forest fires from Australia to South America, severe droughts and floods, and the accelerating extinction of various species are just a small part of the consequences of global warming.

The World Bank has warned that 150 million people will be forced to flee their homes if there is no solution to global warming by 2050.

Importantly, in 1990 the world’s annual carbon dioxide production was about 20.5 billion tons, and over the past three decades, this figure has grown by 66 percent.

Five years ago, the world community, after a long delay, finally reached an agreement under which countries pledged to reduce greenhouse gases, the most important factor in global warming; with the prospect of preventing the earth from becoming more than 2 degrees warmer than in pre-industrial times by the end of this century.

Some countries, such as Iran, the world’s seventh-largest emitter of greenhouse gases, have agreed to phase out greenhouse gas emissions by 2030, which was 4% for Iran. Iran had promised to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by as much as 12 percent.

Over the past five years, Iran’s greenhouse gas emissions have not only not decreased, but have also increased by 20 percent, according to the Global Carbon Project, to 780 million tons of carbon dioxide from the country’s fossil fuels last year.

Greenhouse gas emissions in Iran have nearly quadrupled since the beginning of the Islamic Revolution, and the Paris Agreement has not even been approved by parliament.

Some other countries, such as the European Union, had much more emissions reductions than expected, and even on Friday, December 12, 27 EU members pledged to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 55% by 2030.

Frozen water of Greenland

The European Union has steadily reduced carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuels over the past three decades, from over 3.8 billion tonnes to about 2.9 billion tonnes a year.

The United States pulled out of the Paris Agreement during Donald Trump’s presidency and produced about 5.3 billion tons of carbon dioxide last year; For the past five years, however, US greenhouse gas emissions have not changed.

Joe Biden has said that returning to the Paris Agreement will be one of his government’s priorities.

India and China, the world’s largest consumers of fossil fuels, have also increased their greenhouse gas emissions by 18 percent and 4 percent, respectively, over the past five years.

Saudi Arabia and Russia also saw an increase in greenhouse gas emissions, but the greenhouse gas emissions of some other major energy-consuming countries, such as Japan and South Korea, also declined.

Thus, in practice, the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by Europe and some other countries is practically offset by the increase in emissions in other countries, and still, 33 to 34 billion tons of carbon dioxide are released into the air annually through fossil fuels.

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Doris Mkwaya

I am a journalist, with more than 12 years of experience as a reporter, author, editor, and journalism lecturer." I've worked as a reporter, editor and journalism lecturer, and am very enthusiastic about bringing what I've learned to this site.  

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