- Gross profit in Q1 increased 57% over Q1 2017.
- Net revenue in Q1 was up an impressive 110.5% from Q1 2017.
- Operating expenses and general and administrative expenses both decreased year-over-year in Q1.
- Interest coverage for Q1 was a solid 2.6x.
This week’s bond review shines a light on the solar industry, focusing on the second largest solar company by revenues. Canadian Solar has experienced outstanding growth over the past few years, with revenues growing by nearly 19% between 2016 and 2017. In addition, the company is projecting revenue growth this year of over 35% over last year. Growth has been driven by the large demands in China in recent years, but also increased demand in countries such as Brazil, Mexico and India. Canadian Solar’s first quarter results show the company is off to a solid start this year.
Gross profit in Q1 increased 57% over Q1 2017.
Net revenue in Q1 was up an impressive 110.5% from Q1 2017.
Operating expenses and general and administrative expenses both decreased year-over-year in Q1.
Interest coverage for Q1 was a solid 2.6x.
Around the world, governments are interested in increasing their share of renewable / solar energy. This bodes well for Canadian Solar. The company’s 2019 bonds mature in a short 6 months and have a current yield-to-maturity of about 7.50%. With an eye to diversification, these bonds make an ideal addition to Durig Capital’s Fixed Income 2 (FX2) Managed Income Portfolio, the recent performance of which is shown below.
Canadian Solar’s Excellent Q1 2018 Results
Canadian Solar recently released its results for the three months ending March 31, 2018. The company showed solid consecutive quarterly growth as well as year-over-year growth in several areas.
Net revenue in Q1 was $1.42 billion compared to $1.11 billion in the fourth quarter of 2017, an increase of 28.5%. Q1 net revenue increased year-over-year by a whopping 110.5%, from $677.0 million in Q1 2017.
Net cash provided by operating activities was approximately $253.4 million in Q1. This compares to $189.3 million from Q4 2017, representing a consecutive quarterly increase of 34%.
Gross profit in Q1 totaled $143.9 million compared to Q1 2017 of $91.4 million, an increase of 57%.
Both operating expenses as well as general and administrative (G&A) expenses decreased year-over-year, with operating expenses dropping by 29.9% and G&A expenses decreasing by 11.4%.
Dr. Shawn Qu, Chairman and CEO of Canadian Solar commented on the company’s first quarter results. “Results for the first quarter 2018 are within our expectations, with solar module shipments and revenue exceeding our guidance.”
About the Issuer
Founded in 2001 in Ontario Canada, Canadian Solar is one of the world’s largest and foremost solar power companies. As a leading manufacturer of solar photovoltaic modules and provider of solar energy solutions, Canadian Solar also has a geographically diversified pipeline of utility-scale power projects in various stages of development. In the past 17 years, Canadian Solar has successfully delivered over 26 GW of premium quality modules to over 100 countries around the world. Furthermore, Canadian Solar is one of the most bankable companies in the solar industry, having been publicly listed on NASDAQ since 2006. The company currently employs over 12,000 people worldwide and was the second largest solar company by revenue in 2017.
Forecast for the Solar Energy Market
The growth in solar energy looks promising. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), renewables accounted for almost two-thirds of net new power capacity around the world in 2016. In 2017, renewable energy growth set a record year as well, mainly as a result of record solar photovoltaic (PV) deployment in China. New global solar PV capacity grew by 50% in 2017, with solar additions growing faster than any other fuel, surpassing the net growth in coal. Through 2017, China represented half of the solar PV demand globally, with the U.S. coming in as the second largest growth market in renewables. Other global markets that are slated to increase their share of solar energy are India, developing nations in Asia, as well as sub Saharan Africa.
In addition to the growth of solar PV around the globe, another development will also help fuel growth and greater adoption. According to the Bloomberg New Energy Finance Analysis, the price of PV panels is expected to decline 34% in 2018. Experts also expect prices to fall even further, by another 10% to 15% in 2019. This decline is mainly due to solar industry reforms in China and is set to pave the way for greater commercial and residential use in many parts of the world. This trend could provide a tremendous boost to Canadian Solar’s global growth plan.
(Source: CSIQ Q1 2018 Investor Presentation)
Canadian Solar’s Project Pipeline
Canadian Solar has many late-stage projects underway at this time. (Late-stage implies projects that have off-take agreements and are expected to be completed in the next two to four years). Here is a partial list:
United States: 3 projects totaling 459 MWp (megawatt peak).
Brazil: 5 projects totaling 499.2 MWp.
Mexico: 4 projects totaling 435 MWp.
The company also has significant late stage projects in both Japan and China. These projects, when completed, should add significant revenues to Canadian Solar’s bottom line.
Canadian Solar has given guidance for Q2 2018 as well as for FY 2018 as indicated below. The company is predicting a modest increase in module shipments for FY 2018 (+4.0%) and a significant increase in FY 2018 revenues (+35.7%).
(Source: CSIQ Q1 2018 Investor Presentation)
Interest Coverage and Liquidity
Interest coverage is of paramount importance for bondholders as it indicates a company’s ability to service its existing debt load. For the three months ending March 31, 2018, Canadian Solar had operating income of $78.2 million and interest expense of $29.6 million, for a very solid interest coverage ratio of 2.6x.
In terms of liquidity, Canadian Solar had cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash balanced at the end of Q1 totaling $1.19 billion. Investors should note that this level of liquidity is more than enough to cover the outstanding balance of these notes.
The risk for bondholders is directly tied to whether Canadian Solar can continue it growth trajectory and related to this, whether the global solar industry continues to grow as well. Canadian Solar has wisely diversified its solar projects in many different countries – across Asia, Europe, as well as the Middle East and Africa. Revenues have been increasing over the past few years and the company expects that revenues will increase in 2018 as well. Also, with the 2016 passage of the United Nations Paris Agreement, many countries are beginning to invest more heavily in solar power. In light of these considerations, the about 7.50% yield-to-maturity on these 2019 bonds does appear to outweigh the risks identified.
In recent years, China has been responsible for half of global solar PV demand. Earlier this year, China’s government agencies that regulate its national solar policies terminated any new approvals for new subsidized utility-scale PV power stations in 2018. The policy changes are in response to the country’s ballooning subsidy costs, which totaled about $15.6 billion in 2017. China’s government has been unable to pay out these subsidies. This slowdown in what has been the biggest solar market may have direct effects on Canadian Solar.
In general, bond prices rise when interest rates fall and vice versa. This effect tends to be more pronounced for lower couponed, longer-term debt instruments. Any fixed income security sold or redeemed prior to maturity may be subject to a gain or loss. Higher yielding bonds typically have lower credit ratings, if any, and therefore involve higher degrees of risk and may not be suitable for all investors.
Summary and Conclusion
Canadian Solar is in a fantastic position to take advantage of the growth in solar power. Although growth has not been as expansive in the United States, solar power capacity is increasing in many countries all around the globe. The 2016 Paris Agreement, has likely fueled increased interest in solar power and Canadian Solar can certainly benefit from this increased interest. The company’s 2019 bonds, maturing in a short six months, are currently selling at a discount, giving them a competitive yield-to-maturity of about 7.50%. Considering this competitive yield, as well as the opportunity for additional portfolio diversification, these bonds make an ideal addition to Durig Capital’s Fixed Income 2 (FX2) Managed Income Portfolio, the recent performance of which is shown above.
Issuer: Canadian Solar
Ratings: __ / __
Yield to Maturity: ~7.48%
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We track thousands of bond issues and their underlying fundamentals for months, sometimes years, before finding any that achieve or surpass the targeted criteria we have found to be successful. Our bond reviews are published on our website bond-yields.com and our free email newsletter. All yield and price indications are shown from the time of our research.
Disclosure: Durig Capital and certain clients may hold positions in Canadian Solar’s February 2019 bonds.