Ostiraliya Ta Ba da Sabuwar Dokar Media ta Zamani

  • "Dokar za ta tabbatar da cewa an biya kamfanonin kasuwanci na labarai daidai gwargwado saboda abubuwan da suka samar, wanda hakan zai taimaka wa dorewar aikin jarida a Australia."
  • Kungiyar ta ACCC ta nuna cewa sabuwar dokar za ta magance “rashin daidaiton karfin ciniki tsakanin kamfanonin watsa labarai na Australiya da Google da Facebook.”
  • Countriesasashe da yawa, kamar Kanada, Ingila, Faransa, da Indiya, sun nuna sha'awar wannan doka, Firayim Ministan Australia Scott Morrison ya ce a wannan makon.

Majalisar Australiya ta zartar da doka a ranar Alhamis wacce ta tilasta wa Google da Facebook su biya kafofin yada labaran Australiya saboda buga labaransu. Dokar ita ce irin wannan doka ta farko a duniya. Gwamnatin Ostiraliya ta gabatar da wasu sauye-sauye a kan kudurin a ranar Talata (wacce aka gabatar a watan Disamba), mako guda bayan Facebook ya toshe labarai a kasar.

Sauye-sauyen kafofin watsa labarai na Australiya sun wuce bayan canje-canje na ƙarshe

"Dokar za ta tabbatar da cewa an biya kamfanonin kasuwanci na labarai daidai gwargwado don abubuwan da suka samar, yana taimakawa wajen dorewar aikin jarida na maslaha a Australia," Ma'aji Josh Frydenberg da Ministan Sadarwa Paul Fletcher a cikin sanarwar hadin gwiwa.

Mr Frydenberg, mataimakin shugaban jam'iyyar Liberal wanda ke kan gaba wajen matsa kaimi ga sabuwar dokar, shi ma tweeted:

Dokar sasanta yarjejeniyar watsa labarai ta Gwamnatin Morrison a yanzu haka ta wuce Majalisar. Wannan babban ci gaba ne. Wannan dokar za ta taimaka matakin daidaita filin wasa & duba kasuwancin kasuwancin kafofin watsa labarai na Australiya da aka biya don samar da abun ciki na asali.

A wani bangare nasa, Hukumar Kula da Gasar Ciniki da Ciniki ta Australiya (ACCC) tana son sabuwar dokar zai magance “Wani gagarumin daidaito ikon rashin daidaito tsakanin Ostiraliya nkasuwancin kafofin watsa labarai da Google da Facebook. "

Asalin dokar biyan kudi don kayan aikin jarida wani bincike ne da ACCC ta yi wanda ya nuna rashin daidaito tsakanin kudaden talla da kamfanonin fasaha suka samu- irin su Google da Facebook - da kuma kafofin yada labarai na cikin gida na kasar.

Dangane da rahoton ACCC na ƙarshe akan dandamali na dijital, wanda aka buga a watan Disamba 2019, sun ɗauki 51% na kuɗin talla a Ostiraliya a cikin 2017.

A watan Mayun da ya gabata, Shugaban Kamfanin Media na Nine Peter Costello ya ce Google da Facebook suna samar da kudaden talla na kusan dala biliyan shida na Ostiraliya (billion 3.9 biliyan), wanda kusan 10% ya fito ne daga labaran labarai.

Sabuwar dokar ta bukaci kamfanonin fasaha da su tattauna da kafafan yada labarai don la’akari da buga abin da ya shafi aikin jarida a dandalin su.

Sauye-sauyen da aka gabatar a ranar Talata ya ba da karin damar yin shawarwari ga manyan kamfanonin fasaha, wanda ya sanya a matsayin mafita ta karshe tsoma bakin wani kwamitin sasantawa don kayyade adadin da za a biya, idan har ba a cimma yarjejeniyar kasuwanci ba. Wadannan dandamali za su yi watanni biyu don tattaunawa kan yarjejeniyoyi da kaucewa sasantawa.

Ma'ajin Australiya Josh Frydenberg yayin bayyanar kafofin yada labarai na safe a cikin Media Gallery a gidan Majalisar da ke Canberra, Australia, a farkon wannan watan.

Theungiyar 'yan jaridu ta Country Press Australia, wacce ke wakiltar jaridu na yanki 161, na fargabar, cewa, ana iya barin ƙananan ƙungiyoyin labarai ba a biyan su, in ji kamfanin dillacin labarai na Associated Press (AP).

Dukkanin Google da Facebook tuni sun fara shiga yarjejeniyoyi da manyan kafofin yada labarai na Australia. Google ya amince ya biya "makuddan kudade" domin biyan abubuwan da kungiyar sadarwa ta Rupert Murdoch ta.

Countriesasashe da yawa, kamar Kanada, Ingila, Faransa, da Indiya, sun nuna sha'awar wannan doka, Firayim Ministan Australia Scott Morrison ya ce a wannan makon.

Dokar a halin yanzu an tsara ta ne don yin amfani da Facebook da Google musamman, amma a nan gaba yana iya zama fadada zuwa wasu dandamali "Inda rashin daidaiton ikon ciniki tare da kasuwancin labarai na Australiya ya bayyana." 

Vincent Ferdinand

Ba da rahoto game da labarai na. Tunanina game da abin da ke faruwa a duniyarmu yana da launi ta ƙaunatacciyar tarihi da yadda abubuwan da suka gabata ke tasiri ga abubuwan da ke faruwa a yanzu. Ina son karanta siyasa da rubuta labarai. Geoffrey C. Ward ne ya ce, "Aikin jarida kawai shine farkon zane." Duk wanda yayi rubutu game da abin da ke faruwa a yau hakika, yana rubuta ɗan ƙaramin tarihin mu.

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