- Iran is upgrading its centrifuges.
- The Russian representative stated that a similar scenario happened to Russia pertaining to confidential reports.
- Iran plans to further advance its nuclear goals.
Kazem Gharib Abadi, Iran’s Ambassador to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), strongly criticized the release of a confidential report by the organization on Iran’s plan to install three new cascades of centrifuges in Natanz. The IAEA provided the information to the member nations pertaining to Iran’s decision to install the advanced IR-2M centrifuges.
It should be noted that Iran had installed 136 IR-2m centrifuges in Cascade 5 and 27 IR-4 centrifuges in Cascade 4. Iran started feeding 54 of the 136 IR-2m centrifuges with natural uranium hexafluoride. Each of these cascades is designed to contain 164 centrifuges. The installation was done in 2011. However, Iran is upgrading the centrifuges.
According to Gharib Abadi, “this organization is responsible for protecting countries’ confidential information.” Additionally, he recommends that the International Atomic Energy Agency should review its information protection mechanisms and use the internal site as a tool for correspondence.
Iran believes that the IAEA’s responsibility is not only to conduct inspections, but to ensure the protection of confidential information of the host country. Furthermore, Russia supports the Abadi commentary. The Russian representative stated that a similar scenario happened to Russia pertaining to confidential reports.
The Iranian parliament stated the West has three months to lift its sanctions. If the sanctions will not be lifted, Iran will start installing, pumping gas, enriching, and storing materials to the appropriate degree of enrichment using at least 1000 IR-2m centrifuges in the underground part of the Shaheed Ahmadi Roshan facility in Natanz. The facility is named after the nuclear scientist who was assassinated in 2012.
After US President Donald Trump withdrew from the JCPOA agreement in 2018, Iran claims that Germany, the UK, and France promised to protect the agreement by guaranteeing Iran’s economic interests. These nations failed to take promised steps to preserve the agreement, despite their verbal disagreement with the US’ actions.
A year later, after the withdrawal, the Supreme National Security Council of Iran on May 8, 2019, announced a gradual reduction by Iran of its obligations under the JCPOA, in accordance with articles 26 and 36 of this agreement, in order to ensure a balance between its obligations and rights.
In accordance with articles 26 and 36 of the JCPOA, if the other party to the agreement fails to fulfill its obligations, Iran has the right to suspend all or part of its obligations. Iran stressed that if its economic benefits from the JCPOA continue, and sanctions are lifted, it will be ready to return to its obligations under the nuclear agreement.
Moreover, now the Saudis are claiming that they need to be consulted prior to the resurrection of the JCPOA. It is expected that Joe Biden will want to reinstate the agreement singed between Iran and the US under President Obama. Nevertheless, the Saudis are on shaky ground. If OPEC falls, the Saudis will have no pull in the Middle East.
The situation with Iran can escalate. It is clear someone wants another war in the Middle East.