- The Iranian air defense system received a new chassis with a wheel formula of 8x8, and two rectangular launch containers.
- According to Iranian data, the new munition has a range of 300 km, and can reach an altitude of 27 km.
- The incentive for the Iranian development was the ban on the supply of Russian S-300 complexes.
This week’s air defense exercises in Iran were the “premiere” of a new surface-to-air missile system (SAM). The first samples of the Bavar-373 SAM took part in exercises involving the air defense calculations of the Iranian Ground forces and the Islamic revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
According to the statements of the Iranian side, which are transmitted by the defense Blog portal, their novelty is “on a par with the Russian S-400 complexes.” For the first time, the Bavar-373 was shown in 2019. According to the Iranian media, the serial production of the Bavar-373 complex started at the same time.
Furthermore, the Iranian air defense system received a new chassis with a wheel formula of 8×8, and two rectangular launch containers. It is plausible that Bavar-373 contains the new Sayyad-4 rocket, which replaced the Sayyad-2 rocket.
The Sayyad-2 is a canister-launched, reverse engineered version of the RIM-66 Standard Missile (SM-1) naval surface-to-air missile that Iran obtained from the United States before the 1979 revolution.
The 1979 Revolution changed the trajectory of the Iran, from a secular nation to a closed-off, theocratic one. The change happened only because US President Jimmy Carter betrayed the Shah. This is one of the main reasons why the US has such a difficult time negotiating with Iran, and that is one of the reasons of how Russia gained the advantage.
According to Iranian data, the new munition has a range of 300 km, and can reach an altitude of 27 km. The missile is designed to intercept all types of aerial targets, including ballistic missiles. Recall that the first information about the development of a new Iranian air defense system appeared in 2016.
The Bavar-373 was developed under the auspices of the Iranian Defense Ministry, in cooperation with unnamed local manufacturers. On August 22, 2019, the new SAM was officially presented with the announcement of the deployment of new Bavar-373 complexes.
The incentive for the Iranian development was the ban on the supply of Russian S-300 complexes. According to Ayatollah Khamenei, the Iranian development “will be devoid of the weaknesses of the Russian S-300.”
The S-300 is a series of initially Soviet and later Russian long range surface-to-air missile systems produced by NPO Almaz, based on the initial S-300P version. The S-300 system was developed to defend against aircraft and cruise missiles for the Soviet Air Defence Forces.
The Bavar-373 complex includes, among other things, the Fakour control system, which can collect information from all air defense elements, and the Rasoul secure communication system. Elements of the complex are based on the chassis of a four-axle Zafar truck.
The complex received the Meraj-4 AFAR radar with a range of up to 450 km. This allows the Bavar-373 to simultaneously detect up to 100 targets, track 60 of them, and attack six.
It is believed that the Iranian SAM can detect a plane at a distance of more than 300 km, track it from 250 km, and destroy it at a distance of 200 km. Also, the advantages of the complex include resistance to electromagnetic weapons, and the effects of electronic warfare systems.