- In its statement, Iran commended China and Russia for their efforts and constructive stances before the UN Security Council.
- Tehran called on the three European countries not to support the US policy of maximum pressure.
- The signatories of the UN Security Council agreed that the arms embargo against Iran would be lifted in October 2020.
The Iranian Foreign Ministry issued a statement on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of the signing of the Iran Nuclear Deal. The statement added that the JCPOA was “currently in serious danger,” and stressed that the international agreement would be scrapped if the international community did not act to protect it.
The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed by Iran, Germany, the United States, Britain, China, France, and Russia after 12 years of conflict and negotiations over the Islamic Republic’s nuclear program in 2015.
Severe oil, banking, and shipping sanctions on Iran imposed by the Obama administration played a key role. US President Donald Trump withdrew his country from the agreement in 2018, and called for new negotiations with the Islamic Republic. He also calls for talks on Iran’s missile program.
The Foreign Ministry said Wednesday:
“Unfortunately, the situation has unfolded in such a way that we need to remind the remaining parties to the JCPOA as well as UN member states of the rights and duties stipulated in this agreement, which was reached through tough and complicated negotiations between Iran and the 5+1 group representing the international community, and which was approved by UN Security Council Resolution 2231.”
“Lack of Will of Other Parties”
A statement from the Foreign Ministry criticized the US withdrawal, and the “lack of will of other parties” to help Iran. The statement stressed that, “in practice,” the Islamic Republic has been unable “to enjoy the benefits of the JCPOA such as the lifting of nuclear sanctions despite its abidance by its obligations.” This is despite adhering to its commitments, the Ministry argues.
One of the most important clauses of this international document is the lifting of nuclear sanctions against Iran, including in the areas of finance, banking, insurance, oil, gas, petrochemicals, shipping, nuclear weapons, metals, software, and weapons.
In its statement, Iran commended China and Russia for their efforts and constructive stances before the UN Security Council, IAEA Board of Governors and the joint commission of JCPOA to help save the deal.
This is contrasted with France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, which Iran “strongly urges” to “adhere to their commitments, and to preserve and fully implement the UN Security Council instead of moving in the direction of the US maximum pressure policy.”
The President of Iran also addressed a meeting of the Cabinet on Wednesday, on the occasion of the fifth anniversary of JCPOA. Hassan Rouhani said that Israel and the extremists of the United States have made great efforts to destroy the nuclear deal, but so far have not been successful.
“We have another test ahead of us in the coming weeks, and that is to preserve one of the achievements of this agreement, which is the end of the arms embargo on Iran,” he said, expressing hope for JCPOAs stability.
Emphasizing the Islamic Republic’s commitment to the UN Security Council, Rouhani told Germany, Britain, China, Russia, and France that their cooperation with the United States in the arms embargo would be “a major blow to international law, international law, and multilateralism.”
The signatories of the UN Security Council agreed that the arms embargo against Iran would be lifted in October 2020. Washington is now calling for a permanent extension of the arms embargo, and three European countries have announced their readiness to extend the embargo for three years.