- The Makarov pistol was designed in 1948.
- The Makarov pistol was the winner of a Soviet contest.
- The new weapon is designed for 9×19 mm Parabellum cartridges.
Russia announced a new replacement for the Makarov pistol will be in its arsenal by the end of this year. The successor of the PM should be the Lebedev PL pistol, which was developed by the shooter and designer Dmitry Lebedev with special attention to balancing and ergonomics of the weapon.
A competition to develop a new pistol, designed to replace the TT 7.62 mm pistol of the 1933 model, was announced in the Soviet Union in 1945. According to the terms of the competition, the new gun had to surpass the TT in reliability and mass-dimensional characteristics.
It should have a caliber of 9 or 7.65 mm, have a good stopping effect of the bullet, and no less killing power than the predecessor gun. Nikolai Makarov was a Soviet gunsmith who designed the weapon in 1948 and won the contest. The Makarov pistol was named after its creator.
According to the Soviet historic archives:
“The PM was built on a scheme that was also used in the German Walther PP (Walther Polizei Pistole). Its automation was based on the recoil of a free shutter — the simplest and most reliable solution. At the same time, there were restrictions on the power of the cartridge used. The recoil spring of the bolt was put directly on the barrel of the gun, and there was a notch in the back of the bolt housing on both sides for manual reloading of the gun. The gun was equipped with a double-action trigger mechanism (self-firing). He also received an open trigger, which allowed him to remove the PM from the safety, cock the trigger and open fire, using only one hand. At the same time, the design of the gun consisted of only 25 parts, which greatly simplified the process of maintenance and repair, as well as increased its reliability. ”
The new weapon is designed for 9×19 mm Parabellum cartridges. The 9×19mm Parabellum is a firearms cartridge that was designed by German national Georg Luger. It was unveiled in the 1901 and was manufactured by Deutsche Waffen- und Munitionsfabriken for its Luger semi-automatic pistol.
The new compact pistol has a length of 220 mm with a barrel length of 127 mm, a width of 28 mm and a height of 136 mm. The magazine capacity is 14 rounds. The switch lever of the fuse and slide stop, and magazine catch button are made two-way for easy use gun right hand and left hand.
Automatic PL-15 works on the principle of short recoil of the barrel, and locking is performed by its skew. The trigger mechanism is made self-cocking, trigger type, with a hidden location and an inertial drummer. When the safety is on, the trigger and trigger are disconnected. In General, the trigger mechanism is designed in such a way that the weapon could not produce a spontaneous shot, even when falling from a height.
The force of pressing the trigger of the PL-15 is four kilograms; the length of the hook stroke is seven millimeters. The gun is equipped with a tactile indicator of the presence of a cartridge in the barrel channel — if there is a cartridge in the back of the bolt, a special pin protrudes slightly, allowing you to determine by touch whether the weapon is loaded.