- Siraj and Haftar ordered their forces to cease fire and renounce any military conflict throughout Libya
- None of the international efforts to bring peace to the warring parties have succeeded during this period.
- Germany has played a key role in ending the Libyan war in recent years.
The parties to the Libyan civil war have stated that they intend to establish a ceasefire immediately and are ready to hold elections. Libya has been at war for years, and agreement between the warring factions has not been reached in the past. The United Nations appreciated the agreement reached between the two.
After years of war and insecurity in Libya, both sides of the conflict, on the one hand, Fayez al-Sarraj, head of the UN-backed National Unity Government in Tripoli in western Libya, and General Khalifa Haftar, based in Benghazi, on the other. In eastern Libya, they announced their readiness for a ceasefire and elections. Both sides issued separate statements on Friday, August 21st.
Siraj and Haftar ordered their forces to cease fire and renounce any military conflict throughout Libya. Civilian areas hosting peace talks are also set to be set up in the strategic Mediterranean city of Sirte.
Libya has been in crisis and war since 2011 following the fall of former dictator Muammar Gaddafi. None of the international efforts to bring peace to the warring parties have succeeded during this period. The ceasefire has not lasted long in recent times and the prospect of stability for Libya has never been established.
“This is positive,” said Tarek Megerisi, Libya specialist at the European Council on Foreign Relations. “You don’t usually get good news from Libya. There is an agreement between Sarraj and Aguila and support from Turkey and Egypt.”
Mr. Megerisi argued that “this is not a game-changer yet but positive in that we were expecting a war that would draw in Egypt and Turkey”.
Germany has played a key role in ending the Libyan war in recent years. On Monday, German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas traveled to Tripoli to persuade the two sides to establish civilian areas in the city of Sirte and distribute oil revenues fairly.
“They are no longer united,” said Mr. Megerisi. “There is a decline in support from the eastern tribes which form a big chunk of his forces.”
The Fayez al-Sarraj government is in a weak position in western Libya. Large parts of southern and eastern Libya are under the control of the Haftar caliphate. Both sides of the war are also linked to militias. In addition, other countries are somehow involved in the Libyan war and pursue their own interests in it.
Turkey and Qatar are in favor of the central government, and the United Arab Emirates, Russia, and Egypt are on the side of General Haftar.
The Libyan media advisor to the Speaker of Parliament, Fathi Al-Marimi, said that the ceasefire requires the complete exit of foreign forces from Libya, whether Turkish or mercenaries and the dismantling of terrorist militias.
Al-Marimi, in a statement to reporters today, expected the start of a Libyan-Libyan dialogue, based on the outcomes of Berlin, which stipulates holding presidential and parliamentary elections soon, dissolving armed militias, combating terrorism, and equitable distribution of oil among Libyans. Al-Marimi emphasized that the Libyan dialogue would also be based on the Cairo initiative.