- The IATA’s Dangerous Goods Regulations prohibit the shipment or transportation of nitromethane using aircrafts.
- Nitromethane is manufactured using a reaction of propane and nitric acid. Nitric acid is used as a nitrating agent to carry out the nitration of propane in vapor-phase at high temperatures.
- Asia Pacific region is expected to be a prominent market for Nitromethane.
Nitromethane is a primary nitroalkane and the simplest form of an organic nitro compound. The chemical formula for Nitromethane is CH3NO2. Nitromethane is an oily, colourless liquid with a strongly unpleasant odor. The molecular weight of Nitromethane is 61.04 g/mol and the boiling point for Nitromethane is 214.2 °F. Nitromethane is soluble in water, as well as chemicals such as ethyl ether, ethanol, acetone, and carbon tetrachloride.
Nitromethane is highly flammable and emits toxic vapors of nitrogen oxides upon combustion or decomposition. Nitromethane is classified as a toxic substance and human exposure to nitromethane affects the skin as well as the central nervous system, leading to skin irritation, dizziness, narcosis, breathing difficulty and nausea. Nitromethane is also considered to be a probable human carcinogen. Nitromethane also possesses explosive hazard and possesses higher energy than TNT. Nitromethane has velocity of detonation of 21,000 ft/sec. (6,400 mtr/sec), and does not require oxygen to combust. Hence nitromethane poses a far greater risk than other organic compounds under conditions of adiabatic compression.
Nitromethane is thus required to be stored and handled by personnel who are well trained and sensitized to the hazards possessed by the compound. Nitromethane is classified as a hazard class 3 substance (Flammable Liquid) as per the regulations of the International Air Transport Association’s (IATA) and the US Department of Transportation (DOT). The IATA’s Dangerous Goods Regulations prohibit the shipment or transportation of nitromethane using aircrafts. Nitromethane is manufactured using a reaction of propane and nitric acid. Nitric acid is used as a nitrating agent to carry out the nitration of propane in vapor-phase at high temperatures. This is an exothermic reaction and produces industrially important nitroalkane compounds such as nitromethane, 1-nitropropane, 2-nitropropane, and nitroethane.
Nitromethane Market: Dynamics
Nitromethane efficiently donates nitrogen, thus making it a functional molecule with high demand for the organic synthesis of pharmaceutical and agrochemical products. Nitromethane is also used in degreasing, dry cleaning and semiconductor processing applications, where it is utilized as a stabilizer of chlorinated solvent. Nitromethane is also used as a dissolving agent or solvent for acrylate monomers and finds application in the manufacture of adhesives. Nitromethane is also used as a fuel in high performance motorsports, such as drag racing, and even in rockets.
Nitromethane requires significantly lower volume of air for combustion compared to gasoline, which allows more nitromethane fuel to be burnt per engine stroke (almost 9 times more than gasoline), thus producing high engine power. Nitromethane is used as a monopropellant given its low oxygen requirements for combustion. Even though nitromethane produces only around 25% of the combustion energy of gasoline, it provides high levels of instantaneous energy. Nitromethane also find application as a controlled explosive in various industries similar to TNT. Thus nitromethane is utilized across various industries and is a versatile compound with multiple application areas. The pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries, along with the automotive sector, are projected to drive market demand for nitromethane.
Nitromethane Market: Regional Outlook
Nitromethane market is projected to witness moderate demand growth mostly from the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, automotive and chemical sectors. Asia Pacific region is expected to be a prominent market for Nitromethane, with growing demand for agrochemical, chemical and pharmaceutical products. The fast growing economies of Asia Pacific region will stimulate new demand for the nitromethane market. North America and Europe are significant markets too for Nitromethane, with steady demand and well developed industry structure. However, the health hazards posed by Nitromethane and the stringent regulations pertaining to its handling and use in these regions pose a concern and may play a restraining role. U.S., Germany, Norway, China, and U.K. are some of the key countries in the Nitromethane market.
Nitromethane: Market Participants
Examples of some of the market participants identified in the Nitromethane market include,
ANGUS Chemical Company
Greenchem Industries LLC
Wego Chemical & Mineral Corp
Linyi Yuanbo Chemical Co., Ltd
Zibo Xinglu Chemical Co., Ltd.
Wujiang Bolin Industry Co., Ltd.
Antera Agro Chem
CDH Fine Chemicals India