Nagorno–Karabakh — Israel Caught in Hard Position

  • Armenia opened its embassy in Tel-Aviv in 2019
  • As a result of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict they have closed their embassy
  • Israel has trade agreements with Azerbaijan which include weapon sales


Just at the time when Israel was beginning to improve its relations with Armenia, the recent conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan, over the Nagorno–Karabakh region began. Armenia and Israel established diplomatic relations in 1992. The ambassadors to Israel from Armenia were located in Paris, Cairo and Yeravan.

An Israeli-manufactured Azeri drone downed during the border war in the Nagorno-Karabakh region.

The reason for the frosty relations between the two nations was because of arms sales from Israel to Azerbaijan and the close relationship which Armenia has with Iran.

On September 17, Armenia opened its embassy in Tel Aviv for the first time, with the hope of facilitating a constructive relationship between the two nations. The decision to open the embassy was hailed by Israeli leaders but criticized by Iran.

As a result of the border dispute conflict, which has developed into an all-out war between the two countries, Armenia has closed their embassy in Tel Aviv. When the embassy was opened, it was to be the beginning of a long-term relationship between Israel and Armenia.

The reason for the closing of the embassy is that Israel has supplied Azerbaijan with weapons, primarily drones, which are being used in the current war. The Armenian leader Arayik Harutyunyan, President of the self-proclaimed “Republic of Artsakh” in the Nagorno-Karabakh region, claims that Israel is responsible for the deadly clashes due to weapons sales to Azerbaijan.

He used the language of “genocide.” At the end of World War I, Turkey was responsible for the brutal killing of a million Armenians.  Israel, on the way to a new beginning of relations with Armenia, are now in the middle of the conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia.

Azerbaijan and Israel have trade agreements between their two nations. Azerbaijan supplies about one third of Israel’s oil consumption.  Azerbaijan is a major buyer of Israeli arms, including some of its most advanced strike drones. Some of these weapons have been used against Armenian troops or groups that back them.

The Armenian flag flies at the Embassy in Tel Aviv.

Israel has defended its position, saying that they have no knowledge of or involvement in how Azerbaijan uses these weapons.

These statements of Israel were called a mockery by the Armenian leader at a news conference on October 11. The Armenian leader attacked Israel for genocide. 

He said that Israel, a nation which has in its history suffered from genocide, should know that supporting genocide is no better than the support given to the Nazis. Israel does not recognize the war between Armenia and Azerbaijan to be compared to genocide.

Israel even declined to call the Turkish massacre of Armenians at the end of World War I genocide in order not to anger Turkey, a major trade partner. In 2015, on the 100th anniversary of the Turkish massacre, Israeli President Reuven Rivlin called the event in history “mass killings,” and not genocide.

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David Wexelman

Author of 5 books on the internet on topics of Jewish mysticism, managing two websites.

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