- The UN is unable to solve many of the contemporary problems, because of the existing lack of agreement among its members.
- Global domination of democracy is prerequisite for peaceful coexistence of nations in a long-term perspective and the main rule for the twenty-first century.
- We can affirm, that the mentioned changes will lead to a desired peace, progressive economy with a more just distribution of income, and remarkable social development.
Universal peace is the most important necessity for a normal and successful human society. Without peace on our planet it is difficult to decide global problems of economic and social development. The world’s society created the United Nations after the end of World War II with the aim to preserve peace and collective security for the nations of the world. This is a global association of the governments facilitating cooperation in international law, economic development, and social equity.
Lately the UN faces a growing array of new challenges, including humanitarian crisis, human rights violations, armed conflicts, terrorism, the danger of spreading weapons of mass destructions, and important health and environmental concerns with which it copes unsatisfactorily.
The UN is unable to solve many of the contemporary problems, because of the existing lack of agreement among its members.
There have been talks going on for a long time that there is a necessity to reform the UN- increasing its relevance and effectiveness in the 21st century. The UN is meaningful to people only if it is effective and relevant.
However, the organization cannot be effective if it includes democratic as well as totalitarian states whose goals and problems are absolutely opposed. To decide in such a reality standing problems before the UN, including security problems for the people of the world, is impossible.
In essence UN is not uniting nations. Naturally, a question arises: Is it necessary to have such an organization for the people of the world?
The answer is perfectly clear. Such an organization does not satisfy the requirements of the world’s community.
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In the sphere of peace and security of nations.
There is a ripe logical necessity to disband the UN and to create instead a new Organization of United Democratic States, in which all democratic states of the world should be admitted.
This organization should remain open for admission of all other countries if they take every measure possible to their transformation into real democracy.
The fundamental principles defining democracy are known as: free speech and religion, free elections, observation of human rights, mutual security, market economy, the end to nationalism, ethnic wars, terrorism and the spread of weapons of mass destruction.
Thus may arise a natural question. How can such an organization exist without the participation of the great countries such as China or Russia?
It seems to us that it is common sense that these countries will arrive faster to a conscious conclusion, that under the terms of globalization they lose a lot, finding themselves beyond international cooperation.
This will naturally assist the pace of their democratization, according to the wishes and hopes of the whole world. We can assume that all other totalitarian regimes will follow their example. It needs time, of course, for this to happen.
There will be a free choice, unlike the effort of the US for dissemination of democracy by the use of force, like in Iraq, where hundreds of billions of dollars were spent and thousand of lives were ruined.
Global domination of democracy is prerequisite for peaceful coexistence of nations in a long-term perspective and the main rule for the twenty-first century.
The United Democratic States organization is a governmental association of a new type, combining identical countries with common interests and the same values, pursuing the goals of peace, economical progress, and social development.
The main task of the new international democratic organization, in addition to the acting UN charter, includes:
- An immediate decision needs to be made to declare all the terrorist organizations as criminal and outlaw. A ban should be imposed on every armed struggle in resolving disputable problems (political, economical, etc).
- Governments of states- sponsors of terrorism, which finance, train, and supply with arms the terrorist organizations and promote the spread of weapons of mass destruction are proclaimed criminal and are liable for extradition to the International Criminal Court to carry out justice.
- Adopt prompt actions of strengthening the executive power of the UDS, consisting of the creation of its own military forces capable to implement the decisions of the Security Council. These military forces should be used for achievement of peace and justice in every region of the world.
- Military units should be stationed on the territories of every country- member of the UDS. These military forces consist of citizens of the corresponding countries, hired by the UDS on a voluntary basis. Maintenance costs of the military forces should be financed by means provided by 10% military budgets of all members of the association.
This will be possible and desirable, because all countries became free of concerns of conducting military operations, which can completely be handlmjed by the military forces of UDS.
The right to use sovereignty is a priority of democratic countries. In democratic states, sovereignty is held by the citizens. This is known as popular sovereignty through the election of representatives to the government.
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In International law sovereignty is defined as the legitimate exercise of power and the interpretation of international law by state, promoting and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction, individual accountability for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
Sovereignty means that the state authorities are responsible for the functions of protecting the safety and lives of its citizens, and promotion of their welfare.
The national political authorities are responsible to the citizens internally and to the international community through the UDS. But where the state fails to carry these responsibilities out, a second responsibility to protect falls on the international community acting through the UDS, even if enforcing it requires infringing the state sovereignty.
Thus, the principle of nonintervention yields to the international responsibility to protect.
The redefinition of sovereignty to include a duty to protect human rights has been paralleled with the appreciation and codification of individual accountability for international crimes. In parallel with respect for human rights, states have a duty to investigate, prosecute or extradite individual perpetrators. Again, if they fail and are unable or unwilling to do so, other states, the UDS, and the International courts can step forward instead.
It becomes a thing of the past, when dictators could cover their terrible crimes referring to sovereignty. Under the new conditions the Security Council of the UDS will have the opportunity to decide and watch closely to institute criminal proceedings against leaders that carried out international crimes.
UDS Security Council is the highest international authority empowered to define threats to peace and adopt enforcement measures.
There are some examples, where the Security Council can exercise its power: In a situation, when an alliance of the struggle with terrorism, Pakistan, can not or will not free its territory from the terrorist organization Taliban and al Qaeda and its leader Bin Laden, the Security Council of a new organization should approve a decision to authorize NATO troops to act regardless of sovereignty, and bring their troops into the territory of Pakistan, where Taliban and al. Qaeda is hiding and catch or exterminate Bin Laden and his followers and Taliban fighters.
Under conditions, when Iran continues to act regardless the decisions of the Security Council, continuing nuclear processes, is helping Iraq’s Shiite military formations to kill American soldiers, arms, finances, and trains created by them terrorist organizations Hezbollah and Hamas, and the Supreme Leader Ayatollah All Khamei issue a new threat against Israel. “The Zionist regime is a deadly cancerous grows and a detriment to this region .”It will undoubtely be uprouted and destoyed.” Khamei also announced that Iran will support and assist any nation or any group anywhere who opposes and fights Zionist regime. It is time for a decision in the Security Council to institute criminal proceedings against this regime.
The global spread of democracy will lead to a resolution of all disputes between nations, using peaceful means i.e. negotiations. The Security Council must assume the role of the main mediator in all disputes. This way there will be no need to use armed forces for solving global problems.
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In the sphere of economic progress
In the world into which economics was born, an advanced theory for economic progress was found. In the advanced countries, increased production is an alternative to redistribution. It has been the great solvent of the tensions associated with inequality and it has become the remedy for the discomfort, anxiety, and privation associated with economic insecurity. No other question in economic policy is ever so important as the effect of a measure on the distribution of income. The greatest source of insecurity lay in competition and the free and unpredictable movement of competitive market prices.
Supply and demand is one of the most fundamental concepts of economics and it is the backbone of a market economy. Demand refers to how much of product or services is desired by buyers. Supply represents how much the market can offer. The relationship between demand and supply underlie the forces behind the allocation of resources. In market economy theories, demand and supply theory will allocate resources in the most effective way possible.
In a competitive market, price will function to equalize the quantity demanded by consumers and the quantity supplied by producers, resulting in an economic equilibrium of price and quantity.
The basis of a simple market is easy to understand taking into account that demand and supply are both defined and permanent under non-manipulated conditions.
With prices of products and services produced by companies everything is clear.
They are taking into account the demand of the market and in accordance with this they put on the market a definite quantity of production (goods) and determine the price, which provides reimbursement of social economic necessary expenditure of production and to obtain profits, providing subsequent development of production and gives an incentive to stimulate god results.
A different situation is established in the future markets of commodities. The future market is the price setter and speculative dollars are driving up the price of future contracts and the commodities itself. This can be clearly demonstrated by example of crude oil.
We have a few huge companies ”competing” with national governments in acquiring oil for processing (refining stage) there are huge barriers for entry, then they all fix the price in harmony.
How is that a free market in any sense?
It is a product that should be heavily regulated by any reasonable measures. There is too much market power in too few hands on a product that is almost a necessity in the modern world.
In addition to this the traders (speculators) play not the last role of misrepresenting the demand and correspondingly on the level of prices. Using their predatory interest, artificially raising the demand, they influence the increase of prices, doubling and speeding up the inflation process. The influx of their capital in the future markets of commodities drives up these prices.
The observation of last time shows, that just speculation drove the prices of crude oil to a record high of 145 dollars a barrel. This price is two times higher than last year. What happened? The demand of oil increased two times, or the supply decreased accordingly. Neither one, nor the other took place.
If one is buying oil futures as an investment commodity play then 75% oil future capital gains tax will hurt no one, but will eliminate speculator of this vehicle. This will improve the situation with the defects of the capitalistic system, which has been increasingly robbing our population of its benefits.
This defect of capitalism is now threatening its existence, since inflation strikes the economy at the point where it is the most vulnerable.
Corporate America is the best example of an economic system in the world. USA has a high rate of new business starts, it breeds a constant flow of new high impact firms, the kind that create value and stimulate growth by bringing new ideas to the market, be they new technologies, new business methods, or simply new and better ways of performing routine tasks.
To maintain the rate of growth of production, there is a need of additional investment of capital. The invention of contemporary economy is to issue public companies stock to accumulate large funds necessary for investment in developing new products and the expansion of existing ones. This creation in essence altered the economical system of the USA into a “people’s capitalism.”
By investing their savings and pension funds in stocks, working people expect to get a share of corporate profits in addition to their earnings.
It is reasonable that such profits go hand in hand with some risk of failure within a few companies. Besides, they help corporations fulfill their needs for a constant increase of production.
These stock prices need to reflect the results of the public companies activities and fluctuate within the boundaries of collected profit (losses) for every issued stock.
As a result, the price of a stock becomes a derivative of fluctuating profits. Over the long term, stock prices rise in line with earning per share.
The profit (losses) of companies reflect a complete and final result of their activities, taking into consideration the quantity and quality of production, its sales, productivity, cost price and other economical, political and social changes for a corresponding period.
Therefore, it is unacceptable that the daily abrupt, not well-founded ups and downs can scare away investors from buying stocks.
Stocks are not goods, but valuable papers, which reflect the accumulation of profits on a definite date.
The price of stocks should be determined by the public companies by means of book-keeping calculations, by adding the profit of a given quarter divided by the amount of shares, to the price of the stock from the time when the stock was issued i.e. initially public offering.
Thus not the stock market, but the corporations set up the price of their stocks, and bears the full responsibility of their substantiation.
The massive transformation in information technology allows the reorganization of the stock market by carrying out of all operations by a central firm. The whole job will be done by computers. By pressing the button on the computer, the investor will be able to buy or sell stocks for prices set up by the corporations at present time. This will put the full responsibility on the corporations for rational movement of their stocks in the market.
One would think that such organization of the stock market satisfies the requirements of capital investment.
In reality, the stock market operates on an order established 200 years ago, i.e. the price of a stock is what somebody is ready to pay for it.
This way the traders (speculators) enrich themselves on the stock market on the account of volatile movements of stock prices. They make money when the prices go up and down, by means of increased frequency of buys and sells.
The investment business is a giant scam; it deletes billions of dollars every year in transaction costs. All they want is trade, trade, trade…
They artificially violate the balance of supply and demand, so they can make every day millions of dollars, enriching themselves on the backbone of ordinary investors.
For the average investor, this is certainly a scam. They know that big investors manipulate the market.
If the existing order satisfies the requirements of the public, then those who, instead of investing, are engaged in buying and selling stocks, then a 75% tax on the profits from trading stocks (CAP gains) will hurt no one, but will force out speculators of this vehicle too.
Market forces can accomplish wonderful things but cannot ensure a distribution of income that enables all citizens to meet basic economic needs. The instability introduced by volatile financial markets threatens the normative foundation of the open society. We need definite changes to reach stability in the market.
It seems to us that the proposed changes in the order of working future commodities and stock markets can help with a more just distribution of income in the society.
And so, a modern society which is in a position to arrange a constant increase of production, satisfy the private and public requirements of the population, is able to sustain a constant rise of living standards, could seek elimination of economic insecurity, such a progressive economic model – a new phase of capitalism – could be adopted in other countries as well.
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In the sphere of social development
Social development is a process of organizing human energies and activities at higher levels to achieve greater results.
The authority of government has the capacity to direct the flow of social energies through the instruments of law, public policies, administrative procedures, controls, etc.
Development is conceived in terms of a set of desirable results- higher incomes, longer life expectancy, more education and also peace, democracy, social freedom, equal access, laws, institutions, markets, infrastructure, and technology.
Between all problems, concerning social development, the most important significance involves the problems of education and health care.
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Education is the single best development investment a country can make. It contributes to better health, higher incomes, and increased participation in community life.
Education is principally identified with schooling, and through it, intends far beyond this, being concerned with intellectual and social development.
Education has been particularly significant as an instrument of social policy in the sense not only of policies for welfare, but also of policies intended to deal with the structure of society.
The aims of education include: The development of each individual intellectually and socially to that person’s fullest potential. Education is a method of transmission of social norms and values. The education system serves the industrial process and the economy by producing a trained workforce.
Open access to all levels of education is the cornerstone of socially, culturally, and democratically inclusive society and a prerequisite for individual development and well-being.
The understanding of education as a public good and a public responsibility requires financing of all levels as a means of ensuring that access does not depend on the social economic background of learners or their families.
Now, more than ever, we need to be able to clearly state the communities expectations of education, to monitor the achievement of these expectations, and to ensure that appropriate levels and types of support are in place to enhance the prospect of success for all students.
Why now, more than ever? The present is a complex and professionally demanding environment for teachers’ work. Our society is in the middle of a number of significant cultural and economic changes, influenced by the revolution in information and communication technologies. The revolution is one of the central factors in producing the phenomena of globalization and the need for informed global perspectives.
Quality education, relevant to the condition of the present and those we can envisage for the future is the means by which we can survive and thrive in such circumstances.
Achieving the goals for schooling requires high quality of the teaching work place. High quality teachers are the foundation of highly effective schools. Teacher quality variables appear to be more strongly related to student achievement than other factors. The teacher’s role is to be a facilitator. He is responsible for motivating, encouraging, and advising students to regulate an educational environment and to introduce students to the realm of ambiguities.
Higher education establishments should train teachers for free. This will contribute to the liquidation of a big problem – constant shortage of teachers of different qualifications in the country’s schools.
The financing of such training demands the redistribution of means in the budget..
Such a decision will benefit the social development.
Financing the public schools should be proceeded by the budget allocations for every student at the elementary, middle, and higher levels.
The dimension of funds should be scientifically determined and be equal for every student in the country, which guarantees free and equal education on every level.
A united system and program of education in all schools, created by the highest authority specialists in education, is a warranty of successful public education.
One, who wishes to attend private schools, will receive a voucher with funding for a corresponding level, according to the financing of the school that the student is leaving.
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All citizens deserve the security of universal health care that guarantees access based on need rather than income.
Health care is a fundamental human right and an important measure of social justice.
The government should play the central role of regulating, financing, and providing health care.
Everyone faces the possibilities of poor health. The risk should be shared broadly to ensure fear treatment and equitable rates, and everyone should share responsibility for contributing to the system through progressive financing.
The cost of health care is rising. Over the past years expenditure of health care has risen much faster than the cost increases reported in other sectors of the economy. At the same time the resources available for health care are diminished.
Another force for change is consumerism.
The expectations of the members of the public have lead to greater concerns about the quality of services- from access and equity to appropriateness and effectiveness.
Health needs are often differentiated as needs with demands and supply. Need in health care is commonly defined as the capacity to benefit. If health needs are to be identified, then an effective intervention should be available to meet these needs and improve health.
Demand is what patients ask for; it is the need that most doctors encounter. General practitioners have a key role as gatekeepers in controlling this demand.
Supply is the health care provided. This will depend on the interest of health professionals and the amount of money available. We need a computer medical record system, allowing individual providers access to all the information they need for a patients total care. The creation of a national information technology structure for health care would decrease cost and errors. The financing of health care is divided; the measures for controlling the payments to medical care are not effective and concerted.
A huge bureaucratic apparatus of hundred of insurance companies is directed to work out measures to increase insurance premiums and complicate the rules and forms, which cause an increase of staff in hospitals, at doctor’s offices, and, correspondingly increases expenses.
Under the existing system insurance companies have every reason to limit our care and increase our co-payments and deductibles.
HMOs are famous for refusing to cover necessary hospital stay, denying people coverage for emergency room visits and balking at medically necessary procedures and therapy.
The main reason our system is so expensive is that it has to support profit-hungry HMOs. In the US health care thirty percent of each premium dollar goes to pay for administrative expenses and profits. In essence medical insurance companies are used as intermediate collectors of premiums and for control and payment of medical bills.
For these services they misuse the advantage of insuring only young, healthy working people thus collecting premiums which considerably exceed the expenses on their medical care by hundreds of billions of dollars. At retirement the expenses for medical care increase many times. The insurance companies then throw the retirees to Medicare. Not a bad deal!
HMOs stand as a useless obstacle in between doctors and their patients. A natural question occurs: Is it necessary to have HMOs in health care? The answer is clear. There is no need for HMOs. This is an unnecessary link and it needs to be abolished. It is necessary to establish a system that allows health care providers to concentrate on care, not on profit margins.
It is advisable to set up a public, non-profit organization for health care of the population of the whole country with branches in all states. The leadership of the non-profit organization should be carried out by the best experts in medicine, science, economics, finances and public relationship. They must take full responsibility for the health care of the entire population and the use of means for financing it.
Reform must include effective mechanism for controlling costs, requiring information on provider performance and enhancing efficiency.
This will be a managed health care system.
Managed care reflects the country’s distinctive approach to a universal human challenge. The cost of health care must be contained. Containment requires limits and priorities.
The rational for limit setting policies must be explicit and readily available to the public. The rational must show how the policy promotes good care for individuals and optimal use of available resources for the large population. A mechanism must be in place for debates, appeals and learning from experience.
We can call it having a health care system accountable for the reasonableness of their limit setting policies.
The program of medical care should be publicly financed at the national level, administrated locally, and privately delivered via private physicians, hospitals, and other health providers. All the means financing health care should be directed to the system.
The provision of funds for the health care of working people can be carried out in a different way: through taxation of corporations, businesses, and employees, defining more precisely the percentage of payments. This should not lead to an increase of payments, but only to their redistribution (instead of premiums).
Thus all the means for financing health care will be received from one source – the federal and state budgets.
Having a more simplified (single payer) system of health care delivery would go a long way toward providing the resources needed to cover all the uninsured people.
Under a single-payer all health care revenues go into one publicly administered pool of money that pays for all medically necessary services by doctors, hospitals and other providers. Of course, the payments of all the bills must be preceded by a careful control of the usefulness of medical care.
The suggested health care reform is an important step in the interest of all participants, is likely to reduce the expenses on health care, to preserve and further improve the quality in this field and provide the entire country’s population with health care.
In conclusion, we can affirm, that the mentioned changes will lead to a desired peace, progressive economy with a more just distribution of income, and remarkable social development.