- According to the press release, the strength of this is ensured by using the principle of the impossibility of cloning an unknown quantum state.
- Rostelecom is interested in developing the latest technologies for use in its services.
- Russia is striving to become one of the undisputed leaders of the global “quantum race.”
Rostelecom and Rosatom State Corporation have successfully completed a pilot project to create a fiber-optic communication line (FOCL) using quantum encryption key distribution (QCR) technology. KRK technology allows two legitimate parties of communication to get a common key for encryption.
According to the press release, the strength of this is ensured by using the principle of the impossibility of cloning an unknown quantum state. The project uses the equipment of the KRK of Russian companies that develop innovative solutions in the field of quantum communications — “Kureit “and “Security Code.”
The Director of the Corporate Customer Relations at Rostelecom said:
“The project used a fiber optic cable with attenuation at the level of 6.5 dB, which made it possible to achieve a high speed of generating encryption keys of more than 1 Kbit/s-the results are comparable to world analogues. The high speed of encryption key transfer provided the maximum level of information security by frequently changing encryption keys when transmitting the payload.”
The director also added:
“This project became possible only thanks to the close cooperation between Rostelecom and Rosatom, aimed at expanding the range of interaction, creating new digital services and obtaining a synergistic effect from combining our technological competencies. Rostelecom is interested in developing the latest technologies for use in its services. This allows us, as a digital partner, to provide telecommunications and it infrastructure for the most ambitious projects of our customers. The transition to quantum technologies in communications is comparable in importance to the transition from copper to optics. Creating communication lines with the use of quantum encryption key distribution will increase the degree of information protection in key communications across the country.”
Furthermore, the solution implemented within the project demonstrated a high level of readiness, as well as the possibility of its application on the network infrastructure and compliance with the requirements.
In particular, during the pilot project, the quantum channel gap was simulated, and the operation of the buffer for storing secret keys, which are used in cases of temporary unavailability of the quantum channel, was successfully checked.
The connection was effectively established over an open authenticated channel, and stable operation of the system was achieved, which was confirmed by load testing.
Quantum technologies are the main expected global breakthrough in the next decade in the field of digitalization, which can not only affect the competitiveness and security of countries, but also lead to a change in the economic order.
Russia is striving to become one of the undisputed leaders of the global “quantum race.” Within the framework of agreements with the government of the Russian Federation concluded last year, three major state corporations assumed responsibility for developing the necessary technological competencies in the country.
Russia tasked Rosatom to develop the quantum computing, and Rostec is tasked with the quantum sensors development. Now the Kremlin wants to create a national system with many Russian companies to participate in the new technology development and the implementation.