Russia Modernizing “Buratino” and “Solntsepek”

  • The new generation TOS-2 system was unveiled this year at the 75th Jubilee Victory Parade in Moscow.
  • Due to the new thermobaric reactive ammunition TBS-M3, there is also an increase in the firing range of 9.3 miles.
  • The new system is expected to enter service in 2025.

The Russian Defense Ministry announced the modernization of the fleet of the heavy flamethrower systems TOS-1 ” Buratino” (Pinocchio) and TOS-1A”Solntsepek” (Sunburn) via Izvestia. There will be a new design of the TOS-1 and TOS-1A.  The existing fleet will have the new technology added as well.

TOS-1 is a Soviet 220mm 30-barrel (original system, Ob.634 or TOS-1M) or 24-barrel (Ob.634B or TOS-1A) multiple rocket launcher and thermobaric weapon mounted on a T-72 tank chassis.

The new generation TOS-2 system was unveiled this year at the 75th Jubilee Victory Parade in Moscow. Russia was celebrating its historic win against Nazi Germany in World War II.  The new system is based on a wheeled chassis “Ural.” The chassis allow for more mobility.

Due to the new thermobaric reactive ammunition TBS-M3, there is also an increase in the firing range of 9.3 miles. Russian physicists used a new type of rocket fuel and explosive blend to make it more powerful.

It should be noted that the CBT missile consists of a warhead with a thermobaric filler that provides spraying of the fuel mixture and its detonation. The resulting volumetric explosion causes a strong shock wave followed by rarefaction of the air.

The warhead activates the contact fuse, and the solid-fuel rocket engine is responsible for its delivery. The new system is expected to enter service in 2025. The thermobaric weapons utilize oxygen in the area, which aids in the high temperature explosion.

The first SBT was designed in the 1970s in the Soviet Union. The flamethrower system was designed in the Omsk Design Bureau of Transport and Engineering. The bureau was created in 1958 and was renamed in 2014 to Omsk Transport Machine-Building Plant OJSC (OAO Omsktransmash). Omsktransmash is the state owned specializes solely on the armored vehicle design.

Izvestia is a daily broadsheet newspaper in Russia. It was a newspaper of record in the Soviet Union from 1917 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991.

The TOS-1 heavy flamethrower system includes 30 guides with a special fire control system mounted on the chassis of the T-72 tank. The T-72 tank was first produced in 1971. Additionally, in 2001, a version of the TOS-1A appeared on the T-90 chassis, and with a reduced number of guides. Also, the TOS-1A uses a new transport-loading vehicle on the chassis of the T-72 tank, and not the KrAZ car.

Moreover, the “Buratino” will receive new electronic equipment, which will include the data exchange with a Kaputsnik-BM. Kaputsnik-BM is a Russian developed centralized single tactical management system. The new modification will aid in gathering and analysis of intelligence in the real time.

Therefore, it will simplify the analysis of coordinated firing and routes movement. The modernization will make TOS-1 more efficient and will add full automation to the tactical control system. Also, “Solntsepek” will receive the same system, while allowing shorter firing commands.

One of the biggest advantages is no longer requiring surveying the area prior to firing. The same automated system is already in use by the Tornado -G MLRS, which is a multiple launch rocket system and the successor to the Smerch MLRS with improved tactical and technical characteristics.

Overall, Russia has been focused on the modernization of the majority of its defense equipment and on new weapons creation.

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Christina Kitova

I spent most of my professional life in finance, insurance risk management litigation.

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