Russian Peacekeepers in Nagorno Karabakh

  • The ceasefire agreement came into force on the November 10th.
  • Russian peacekeepers will be in the region for 5 years with expected extensions.
  • Turkish peacekeepers will be working along side Russian peace keepers.

A ceasefire agreement has been signed on November 9th by Russian President Vladimir Putin, Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, and Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan ending the war in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. The agreement came in force on the November 10th.

Nikol Vovayi Pashinyan is an Armenian politician serving as Prime Minister of Armenia since 8 May 2018. A prominent journalist and editor, Pashinyan first founded his own newspaper in 1998 which was shut down a year later.

Nevertheless, the Armenian opposition continues to demand the agreement to be voided. According to the Russian Defense Ministry, Russia will send 1,960 Russian peacekeepers and 90 armored personnel carriers. Additionally, 380 vehicles and special equipment will be deployed on the contact line in Nagorno-Karabakh.

It is noted that Russian peacekeepers will be deployed to the region from the Ulyanovsk airfield by Il-76 aircraft. The units of the 102nd military base went to the areas of concentration and were waiting for the command to participate in the peacekeeping operation.

At the same time, the advance of troops was covered by Mi-24P helicopters, one of which was shot down by Azerbaijani forces over Armenia. Russia will send at least 22 Il-76 military transport planes with peacekeepers to Karabakh, according to a video released by the National Defense Control Center of Russia.

Furthermore, to be able to upkeep the ceasefire and military operations, the Russian contingent will be based by units of the 15th separate motorized rifle brigade (peacekeeping) of the Central military district, the defense Ministry said in a statement to Izvestia.

There will be observation posts set up that will be controlled by the Russian peacekeepers. They will be alone the contract line and near the Lachin Corridor, the shortest route between Armenia and Nagorno-Karabakh, to monitor compliance with the agreements.

Moreover, the command of the Russian peacekeeping forces will be deployed in Stepanakert, the capital of the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic.

Ilham Aliyev is an Azerbaijani politician who is the fourth president of Azerbaijan, in office since 2003. He also functions as the Chairman of the New Azerbaijan Party, Non Aligned Movement and the head of Azerbaijan’s National Olympic Committee.

Russian peacekeepers will be deployed for five years with the possibility of automatic extension for the next five-year periods, if Armenia and Azerbaijan do not object. To note, Turkish forces will have some of the peacekeeping alongside the Russian troops.

According to the Russian President, Vladimir Putin, the Azerbaijani and Armenian militaries will remain in their positions, and the sides will exchange prisoners and bodies of the dead.

Iran is also ready to assist with the deployment of Russian peacekeepers in Nagorno-Karabakh and assist in achieving peace in the region. This is reported by RIA Novosti, referring to the Iranian foreign Ministry.

“Iran once again emphasizes its readiness to help ensure sustainable peace and security in the region, as well as its readiness to participate in regional initiatives,” the statement said.

It is clear that there are no true winners in the region. Russia did what was necessary to secure the region. The conflict is not resolved and it is highly likely it will not be resolved this century.

Christina Kitova

I spent most of my professional life in finance, insurance risk management litigation.

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