- The ammunition being tested will be used on nuclear submarines.
- The ammunition will be capable of creating a hole in the ice, hence the nuclear submarine will be able to strike.
- The testing of the ammunition is currently being done on the nuclear submarines Borei 955 and Yasen 855.
Russia is testing new ammunition capable of penetrating through ice. The ammunition being tested will be used on their nuclear submarines. It will be able to crack the Arctic ice with rockets; it would be missiles that destroy hummocks. They will be capable of creating a hole in the ice, allowing the nuclear submarine to strike its target. Ice swimming and, most importantly, surfacing are the most difficult elements in the combat operation of the ship. Error in the performance of such maneuvers can lead to the boat being damaged or getting stuck in the ice.
New “hacking” missiles will seriously expand the capabilities of Russian submarines. Of course, it also means ruining arctic habitat in the process and of course contributing to the even speedier process of climate change and pole shifting.
Testing of the ammunition is currently being done on the nuclear submarines Borei 955 and Yasen 855. The Borei class [Aalternate transliteration Borey. Russian designation Project 955. Borei and Project 955A Borei-A, also referred to as Dolgorukiy class] are a series of nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines being constructed by Sevmash for the Russian Navy.
Yasen 855 is also referred to as Graney class. They are a series of the newest nuclear-powered cruise missile submarines designed by Malakhit and being constructed by Sevmash for the Russian Navy. They are based on the Akula class and Alfa class designs. The Yasen class is projected to replace the Russian Navy’s current Soviet-era nuclear attack submarines.
Special missiles are unguided rockets. Tests have confirmed their ability to break a hole in any hummocks in the ice. These special munitions are necessary to ensure the launch of strategic missiles from the underwater state, as well as the rise to the surface of pop-up rescue capsules, which are used to evacuate the crews in the event of an accident.
The submarines will be able to launch missiles not only from the ice position, but also while on the surface, according to Izvestia relying on information from the Russian Military. Izvestia is a daily broadsheet newspaper in Russia. It was a newspaper of record in the Soviet Union from 1917 until the dissolution of the USSR in 1991. The word izvestiya in Russian means “delivered messages,” derived from the verb izveshchat.
Historically, during the Soviet Era, torpedoes were used. The torpedo is an underwater ranged weapon launched above or below the water surface, self-propelled towards a target, and with an explosive warhead designed to detonate either on contact with or in proximity to the target. They turned out to be less effective.
The Arctic ocean is one of the main regions in Russia where they conduct operations of the submarine fleet. Also, since China rolled out the One Belt, One Road Initiative, the Arctic Ocean has become a very strategic area.