- This is the first time the two countries have been on the same stage since the serious conflict in the Ladakh region on the border.
- Xi Jinping reiterated the importance of multilateralism and emphasized that the organizing countries should strengthen cooperation in the fight against the epidemic.
- “To further deepen connectivity network [among the SCO members], it is necessary to respect each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity,” Mr. Modi said.
The member states of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) convened a council of heads of state on November 10. In addition to Chinese President Xi Jinping’s remarks, the attitude of Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was most concerned by the outside world.
This is the first time the two countries have been on the same stage since the serious conflict in the Ladakh region on the border.
China used to ask other countries to respect their sovereignty and territorial integrity. However, at the Council of Heads of State of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization that just ended this time, it was India who called to China.
At the meeting, Xi Jinping reiterated the importance of multilateralism and emphasized that the organizing countries should strengthen cooperation in the fight against the epidemic.
Xi said, “we must support the World Health Organization to play a key leadership role, oppose the politicization of the epidemic, and jointly resist the ‘political virus.'” He added, “we need to deepen solidarity and mutual trust and resolve disputes and differences through dialogue and consultations.”
These remarks were obviously in response to U.S. President Donald Trump’s announcement of his withdrawal from the World Health Organization, and the “Chinese virus” that was raised during the election. Xi also emphasized that he “opposes external forces to interfere in the internal affairs of member states under any pretext,” and once again promoted the Belt and Road initiative.
In the end, Xi Jinping said, “China cannot develop without the world, and the prosperity of the world also needs China.” Again, he mentioned the new economic model of China’s domestic and international dual cycle.
Although Xi Jinping said “we must actively use various media to widely publicize the development achievements of the organization,” this meeting was not widely reported. The Indian Prime Minister’s statement at the meeting became the focus.
India Speaks to China and Pakistan
According to reports from NDTV, The Times of India, and India Today, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi stated at the meeting that “some countries have violated the spirit of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Charter and tried to include bilateral issues on the agenda.”
“To further deepen connectivity network [among the SCO members], it is necessary to respect each other’s sovereignty and territorial integrity,” Mr. Modi said.
In addition to responding to the China-Indian border conflict in Ladakh, NDTV analyzed that Modi’s talk was mainly in protest against the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), a large-scale infrastructure plan of 3,000 kilometers.
The project connects Kashgar, in western China, with Gwadar Port, in Pakistan, and passes through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir.
“In our civilization, it is said that change is the only constant. From 2021 India will take part in the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member. As a member of the UNSC our attention will be on changing the global rules of governance,” said Mr. Modi, addressing the summit.
The Indian government’s inclusion of India’s control of Kashmir in the Central Territory last year caused great controversy, and it was later reported that Pakistan may announce that Pakistan’s control of Kashmir was classified as a province. The Indian media reported extensively that the response from Pakistan was directed by “Big Brother,” China.