- Serbia wanted its own defense equipment after the collapse of Yugoslavia.
- The gun testing started in June.
- There is a demand for this equipment from the nations with limited defense budgets.
The Serbian PASARS-16 was first introduced in 2016. This machine was designed by the Military Technical Institute. There is a demand for it in 2020 by the nations with limited military budgets. One of the advantages of this defense equipment is low cost with a good performance.
Serbia started testing the PASARS 40mm Self-Propelled Anti-Aircraft Gun in June. Nevertheless, US defense equipment is one of the best, but also carries a very hefty price tag. The F-35 program is one of the most expensive programs in history. Russian equipment is cheaper, but not cheap enough to be affordable by certain nations.
According to the topwar, in the Cold War era, the main air defense of the Yugoslavian army was the Czech anti-aircraft self-propelled gun M 53/59 “Prague,” also known as”Lizard.” It was a reserved chassis of the truck of the same name, which was mounted on a tower with two 30 mm guns. There was no radar equipment, and the target was guided only visually.
“Lizards” were actively used during the Yugoslav Civil War, and hit not only air, but also lightly armored ground targets. They are still in service in the former Yugoslav republics. However, the characteristics of the M 53/59 no longer correspond to the realities of the modern battlefield.
Yugoslavia disintegrated in 1992, one year after the Soviet Union collapsed. Serbia became an independent nation in 2006, and thereafter, vigorously tried to improve the anti-aicraft properties of their vehicles with an additional installation of recycled R-60 aircraft missiles. However, it was not the best solution.
Furthermore, this is when the Serbian PASARS-16 complex became based on the chassis of the redesigned FAP-2026 BS/AV three-axis all-wheel drive car. Additionally, the rear of the chassis is reinforced to support the weight of special equipment. The machine is equipped with hydraulic outriggers that are lowered to the ground when shooting.
The armament of the PASARS-16 consists of a 40 mm Bofors automatic gun and RLN-IC guided missiles developed on the basis of the Soviet aviation P-13M. The rate of fire of the gun is 240 rounds per minute, with a range of 3 km. The missiles are capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 12 km and at an altitude of up to 8 km. It can have a crew of three.
The specifications state that the deployment time of the vehicle is about 1 minute (according to some sources – for 30 seconds). The Balkan anti-aircraft gunner can both accompany columns of military equipment and cover the stationary objects. There is also a video camera, a laser rangefinder and a thermal imager. There is no radar equipment, as on the Lizard, but it is possible to receive instructions from the radar, which is part of the battery of “Terminators.”
It is great for Serbia to have its own equipment and possibilities of the exports. The defense market is a lucrative market and continues to expand.