- The India Government suspended Article 6 of the Constitution and abolished the special status and privileges of the Jammu and Kashmir region.
- A number of Kashmiris marched against the decision, which turned into violence and protests.
- The Indian government dispatched tens of thousands of Indian army personnel to the Kashmir nationalist protests and established full-fledged martial law.
Kashmir police have said severe security restrictions have been lifted in the Jammu region but will remain in place until further notice in the Kashmir Valley. Munir Khan, a senior official in Jammu and Kashmir police who spoke at a news conference in Srinagar, the center of the area, added that the reason for lifting security restrictions in Jammu is to give police forces full control.
Following the decision of India Government to suspend Article 6 of the Constitution and to abolish the special status and privileges of the Jammu and Kashmir region, a number of Kashmiris marched against the decision, which turned into violence and protests. The Indian government dispatched tens of thousands of Indian army personnel to the Kashmir nationalist protests and established full-fledged martial law. Pakistan has strongly opposed the decision, saying it was contrary to India’s international obligations. The Pakistani government has called the UN Security Council to make an emergency meeting to investigate the situation.
Fighting for what?
Kashmir is a region claimed by both India and Pakistan, and there have been wars between the two countries many times over. The region was once notoriously autonomous and joined India as an Indian independent state. Pakistan opposed Kashmir joining India. Since then, both India and Pakistan have been at odds over the sovereignty of the Jammu and Kashmir region, both saying that the whole region is part of their territory.
The disagreement led to the war between the two countries, and in the end, the two countries agreed on a borderline as a ceasefire. Part of Kashmir came under Pakistani control and the rest remained in India.
A group of Muslims has maintained an armed uprising in the Indian-controlled Kashmir region since the year 2000, which has left thousands dead. There have been widespread protests in the area and India has repeatedly been accused of human rights abuses in Kashmir.
The Constitution of India Article 4 allowed the inhabitants of Kashmir to have their own constitution, the flag and the freedom to enact their laws, but foreign policy, defense, and communications remained under the control of the Indian central government. Due to this constitutional principle, the state of Jammu and Kashmir was allowed to adopt its own laws, including the granting of residence permits, property rights, and other fundamental rights.
They could also prevent the demographic change in their state by preventing Indians from overseas buying land or property or moving to the state to live there. It is the only region in India where Muslims have a majority.