Sudan, South Sudan Plot Roadmaps to Peace

  • Two peace deals have been signed in South Sudan since the civil war started in 2013.
  • Nearly 4 million people have been displaced, creating a refugee crisis.
  • Sudаn аnd a major rеbеl grоuр agreed оn Friday to a rоаdmар thаt wіll allow ѕuѕреndеd реасе tаlkѕ tо rеѕumе.

Margaret, South Sudan citizen has four children, she says the high prices in the market make it hard to provide for her children. “Life is hard, we struggled to support our own children since the war started my own kids haven’t gone to school in four years because I couldn’t provide school fees for them. I can provide meals and if I get enough then they can go to school,” she said.

The South Sudanese Civil War is an ongoing conflict in South Sudan between forces of the government and opposition forces. About 400,000 people are estimated to have been killed in the war, including notable atrocities such as the 2014 Bentiu massacre.

Margaret’s children dropped out of school a year after the outbreak of civil war in South Sudan. They’re among at least two million children missing out on education according to UNICEF. The war began in 2013, when the country’s president accused his deputy of attempting a coup.

Two peace deals have since been signed. Rights group estimate over 400,000 people were killed in the nearly six years of fighting, and damage to the economy has left inflation running at over 50 percent. It’s not just the economy that has suffered as a result of the conflict. In South Sudan, in various parts of the country, fighting has forced people to leave their homes, creating a refugee crisis that has seen nearly 4 million people displaced. Many of them in dire need of aid in total more than half of the country’s 12 million population now rely on help.

The UN says since the last peace deal was signed, there has been an improvement but stability is needed to be able to properly cater to them. “There are still some bureaucratic hassles and that’s particularly in the opposition areas and there are some stoppages on the road by the government forces particularly in the south of the country and in the northwest. But overall we’re seeing improvement and we hope that that will just continue on,” said David Shearer, South Sudan UN Chief.

Last year the peace deal, signed between President Salva Kiir Mayardit and opposition leader Riek Machar, stipulated that a new government be formed by May. That deadline was extended to November so all sides could settle on security arrangements and the number of states in the country.

The Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile, also referred to by some media as the Third Sudanese Civil War, is an ongoing armed conflict in the Sudanese southern states of South Kordofan and Blue Nile between the Sudanese Army (SAF) and Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N), a northern affiliate of the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM) in South Sudan.

“It was very clear when we made the extension, the extension was clear and we had agreed that no more extension. So that when it comes November we will be able to set up the government. We are setting up the government and any other security issues or whatever aspects or parts of the agreement which is not implemented will be implemented in due course,” said Michael Makuei, Government spokesman. Margaret says she feels any discussion about stability has gone on long enough, she wants to see peace become a reality not just for her family but also for the South Sudanese.

Meanwhile, Sudаn аnd a major rеbеl grоuр agreed оn Friday to a rоаdmар thаt wіll allow ѕuѕреndеd реасе tаlkѕ tо rеѕumе, gіvіng new impetus to еffоrtѕ bу thе government tо еnd multірlе соnflісtѕ around thе country, thе twо ѕіdеѕ ѕаіd.  Thе gоvеrnmеnt аnd thе Sudаn Pеорlе’ѕ Lіbеrаtіоn Mоvеmеnt-Nоrth (SPLM-N) agreed thаt thе fосuѕ оf thе nеgоtіаtіоnѕ wоuld bе political issues fіrѕt, followed bу humаnіtаrіаn concerns and thеn ѕесurіtу аrrаngеmеntѕ.

Friday’s аnnоunсеmеnt саmе durіng реасе tаlkѕ bеtwееn the gоvеrnmеnt and multірlе rebel grоuрѕ, hosted by neighbouring South Sudаn. Nеgоtіаtіоnѕ will соntіnuе оvеr thе wееkеnd.  Sudаn’ѕ rulіng council аnd rеbеl grоuрѕ rеѕtаrtеd peace tаlkѕ on Mоndау tо еnd уеаrѕ-lоng соnflісtѕ, a рrеrеԛuіѕіtе fоr thе United Stаtеѕ tо rеmоvе Sudаn frоm іtѕ lіѕt оf ѕроnѕоrѕ оf terrorism.

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George Mtimba

George clarifies how the news is changing the world, how world news trends affect you. Also, George is a professional journalist, a freelance news reporter and writer who is passionate with current world news.

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