Roscosmos found a way to hide classified activity within Russia and prevent foreign spy satellites from obtaining information within the region. Furthermore, Roscosmos researchers developed a system to hide classified activities in Russia from the operational surveillance being used by foreign spy satellites. The method of implementation is by completely silencing the data transmission during the use of ground-based radio stations. This information became available via Roscosmos’ website.
There has been a tug of war for geopolitical influence and attempts to disrupt the already established balance throughout 2019. We also saw the formation of interesting and very invasive social media polices around the globe. Hence, there were ramifications and changes to the social media landscape:
- France implementing new measures to track and monitor the social media of its citizens.
- Russia is working to complete their digital iron curtain.
- China implementing draconian verification process impacting social credit and privacy.
- UK to ruthlessly start collecting DNA.
- We’ve also seen the rise of deep fake technology that could have a great impact on the US 2020 Presidential elections as well as on the global scale.
Let’s look at the world’s main players and regions:
Research pertaining to synthetic DNA creation technology was published on December 9 by the ETH Zurich research team and an Israeli scientist. Every human being has unique DNA made up of molecules (nucleotides). Each nucleotide contains a phosphate group, a sugar group and a nitrogen base. The four types of nitrogen bases are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C). The order of these bases is what determines DNA’s instructions, or genetic code. Human DNA has around three billion bases, and more than 99% of those bases are the same in all people. This is according to the US National Library of Medicine.
According to a new market research report published by Credence Research “Global Professional Mobile Radio Market (Technology (Digital, Analog); Application (Retail, Transportation, Utility, Mining, Military & Defense, Fire Department, Healthcare, and Others); End-User (Retail, BFSI, Government Sector, Healthcare, Media and Entertainment, Others)) – Growth, Future Prospects and Competitive Analysis,2019 – 2027”,the overall professional mobile radio market worldwide was valued at $16.25 billion in 2018 and is set to grow with a CAGR of 12.3% during the forecast period.
According to the new market research report “Hydraulic Cylinder Market by Function (Single Acting, Double Acting), Specification (Telescopic, Tie Rod, Mill Type, Welded), Application (Mobile and Industrial), Bore size, Industry, and Region – Global Forecast to 2023,” published by MarketsandMarkets™, the market is expected to be valued at $13.64 billion in 2017 and is projected to reach $19.3 billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 5.95% between 2017 and 2023.
On February 5, 2021, the treaty between the US and the Russian Federation on Measures for the Further Reduction and Limitation of Strategic Offensive Arms will expire. The agreement was last updated in 2010. The formal name of the treaty is START and it is a nuclear arms reduction treaty. According to the terms of the START treaty, each side will reduce its strategic offensive arms while the total quantities do not exceed 700 units deployed.
Russia announced their 9K720 Iskander rocket has been connected to the military internet. The Iskander is a mobile short-range ballistic missile system produced and deployed by the Russian Federation. The missile systems are a replacement for the obsolete OTR-21 Tochka systems. The Russian military internet has the capability of trading information at 300 megabytes per second. Additionally, the Russian ministry of defense uses special equipment and more than 1,500 mobile communication and encryption systems.
Germany refused Russian President Vladimir Putin’s proposal for a moratorium on missile deployment in Europe. Putin had sent a proposal to the leaders of several countries this fall to introduce a moratorium on deploying intermediate-and shorter-range missiles in Europe. The intermediate-range missile is defined as ground-launched ballistic missiles (GLBM) or GLCM having a range between 1,000 km to 5,500 km. The shorter-range missile was defined as GLBMs or GLCMs with a range between 500 km and 1,000 km.
China has been actively involved in espionage against Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In the last century, China has not been known for many inventions in the space field, but instead as been a successful copycat. The route to copying patented and classified inventions leads to espionage. The facts prove themselves. Even though China has the highest numbers of STEM grads under President’s Xi politics, still China is not a leader in the field. Also, Chinese education focuses on being a great follower, but not a leader, since the communist model does not allow room for individualistic views.
Newly elected Israeli Minister of Defense Naftali Bennett believes an aggressive offense strategy needs to be executed on Iranian targets, as well as additional attacks on Syria. Bennett is an Israeli politician who led the Jewish Home party between 2012 and 2018 and currently serves as an MK for New Right. Bennett publicly shared his doctrine proposal on November 29 in the Israeli media. The doctrine received an immediate reaction from Russia.
Chinese internet giant Sohu published information pertaining to Japan’s nuclear capabilities. Sohu.com Inc. (NASDAQ: SOHU) is China’s premier online brand and indispensable to the daily life of millions of Chinese, providing a network of web properties. All Chinese media is controlled by the Chinese government. According to the publication, Japan has enough nuclear fuel to make over 6,000 nuclear bombs. The amount is enough to destroy a whole nation.
On November 28, 2019 Russia officially refused to finance the operations of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)– an intergovernmental organization and the implementing body of the Chemical Weapons Convention, which entered into force on April 29, 1997. The OPCW, with its 193 member states, has its seat in The Hague, Netherlands, and oversees the global endeavor for the permanent and verifiable elimination of chemical weapons.
Prime Minister of Bulgaria Boyko Borisov, after discussions with US President Donald Trump, announced Bulgaria readiness to have NATO use its Black Sea port for naval coordination efforts amid growing fears of Putin’s military appetite and Russia’s growing rift with the West. According to Borisov, the military exercises in the Black Sea are much needed and the more the merrier because they have a preventative effect.
This month, Russia’s Gosduma approved the withdrawal from the declaration that the Soviet Union made upon ratification of the Additional Protocol to the Geneva Conventions of August 12, 1949, concerning the protection of victims of international armed conflicts. Last month, Russian president Vladimir Putin asked the Russian government to approve the withdrawal. Of course, in Putin’s Russia the Gosduma immediately agreed to pass it into law.
Last week, Russian President Vladimir Putin announced a new defense and weapons strategy will be introduced in 2020, which expected to be in force until 2033. It is expected to contain expanded military spending and a new generation of weapon systems. One of the main areas of focus is space and artificial intelligence (AI) applications.
Rostec showcased their new countermeasure complex for unmanned aerial vehicles– “Rubez-Avtomatka” prototype (translation: Frontier-Automation)– at the 2019 Dubai Airshow this week. The airshow is a biennial show held in the United Arab Emirates under the patronage of HH Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum. The airshow started in 1986. Rostec is a State Corporation for Assistance to Development, Production and Export of Advanced Technology Industrial Product. It is a Russian state-owned holding conglomerate headquartered in Moscow that specializes in consolidating strategically important companies, mainly in the defense and high-tech industries.
Russia’s spy ship Yantar disappeared from radars near North American shores, after being spotted on November 8. Yantar is a special purpose intelligence collection ship built for the Russian Navy under the pretense of research. The ship has been operated by the Russian Navy’s Main Directorate of Underwater Research since 2015 and is reportedly a spy ship. The ship has a length of 108 metres (354 ft) and a full displacement of 5,736 tons. It’s home base is Severomorsk, where it is attached to the Northern Fleet.
NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs are meeting this week at NATO headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949. It is expected that NATO will acknowledge space as NATO’s new operational sphere at these meetings.
Rosatom declassified documents pertaining to the highly secretive Russian rocket R-5. Rosatom is a Russian state corporation headquartered in Moscow that specializes in nuclear energy. The rocket R-5 is the predecessor of the Russian Calibr. The R-5 was originally a development of OKB-1 as a single-stage missile with a detachable warhead reentry vehicle. The R-5M was a nuclear armed missile– the first nuclear missile to be deployed by the Soviet Union– with greater payload and weight but better reliability than its predecessor.
Next year is the 100 year anniversary of the Evgeniy Dragunov, born February 20, 1920 into the family of the famous weapons makers of Czarist Russia. He served in the Soviet army during World War II. After the war was over, he started designing weapons and by 1950 his first successful design was put into mass production. Dragunov designed five more weapons, which ended up being utilized by the Soviet Army.
Russia announced the final phase of the TOS-2 Heavy Flamethrower System, which is expected to be delivered to the Russian army by May 2020. The TOS is a family of 220mm 30-barrel multiple rocket launchers and thermobaric weapon mounted on a T-72 Main Battle Tank (MBT) chassis. It is based on the Armata platform.
Russia is planning to send 82 tonnes of monazite from the Ural region to China. The proposal was discussed on November 6. Monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare-earth metals. It occurs usually in small, isolated crystals. Since the start of atomic projects in the Soviet Union in the 1930s, Siberia has been one of the regions where monazite in the river sands was extracted for its Thorium, a naturally-occurring, slightly radioactive metal discovered in 1828 by the Swedish chemist Jons Jakob Berzelius, who named it after Thor, the Norse god of thunder.
British national James Le Mesurier was found dead in Istanbul, Turkey. He was known to be affiliated with the White Helmets, officially known as the Syria Civil Defense, a volunteer organization that operates in parts of opposition-controlled Syria and in Turkey, founded in the 2014. Le Mesurier was a former MI-6 officer, the foreign intelligence service of the government of the United Kingdom, tasked mainly with covert overseas collection and analysis of human intelligence (HUMINT) in support of the UK’s national security. NETFLIX has a documentary pertaining to The White Helmets.
The global augmented reality market is estimated to generate revenue of approximately $30 billion by 2023 growing at a CAGR of 39% during the forecast period 2017-2023. Augmented reality market is estimated to exhibit high growth potential during the forecast period owing to its increasing demand across various industry verticals.
Russia declassified additional information about weapons in space the Soviets who had a keen interest in defense projects in space. The Cold War and the arms race were projected to take place in the space. Hence, the development of the weapons for such war. In the early 1970s, the Soviets launched a space station for defense purposes– Almaz, which contained the artillery system Chit-1. The system was one of a kind. The Almaz program was a highly secret Soviet military space station program begun in the early 1960s. Three crewed military reconnaissance stations were launched between 1973 and 1976: Salyut 2, Salyut 3 and Salyut 5.
Global C4ISR Market Report Information by System (Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance), by Application (Land, Air, Naval, and Space), and by Region – Forecast to 2023.
Iran’s first Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri Kouhshahi attended an annual meeting organized by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). An 18th meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of Member States of the SCO was held Saturday in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. The SCO, or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the creation of which was announced on June 15, 2001 in Shanghai. Iran is not an official member of the SCO but very interested in joining. He was observed having great interest in reciprocal agreements with Uzbekistan.
Russia announced a new project pertaining to the satellite system Gonets 2.0. The system will have satellite phone options and a myriad of government applications. It is on par with Putin’s plan to have Russia closed off in the same way as Russia is developing its own intranet, similar to the Great Fire Wall of China and eliminating privacy. The deployment of the system is scheduled for 2024. It will also have large data storage capabilities and the ability to create automatic subsystems. Russia estimates by 2025 that their satellite channel will be used by millions of devices in Russia. Besides the military applications, Gonets 2.0 can be used in the drone, energy, transport, oil and gas industries across Russia and some of the former Soviet block nations, like Belarus.
A fire occurred Sunday in the town of Herzach-22. As a result, a very unique Russian factory, that was producing monomolecular polymetallic filaments, burned down. According to the Russia’s official version, the fire occurred at the tungsten ingot dehydration workshop, due to the failure of the fire systems. The fire spread through the whole factory, including the storage of the final product of the linearized titanium-tungsten monofilament (a single strand of material, as opposed to multi-filament lines), which was ready to ship to the Russian military.
The 3D printing filament market is estimated at $1.3 billion in 2018 and is projected to reach $4.4 billion by 2023, at a CAGR of 27.1% from 2018 to 2023. Increasing applications in various end-use industries such as aerospace & defense, healthcare, automotive, education, fashion, and others are expected to drive the growth of the 3D printing filament market during the forecast period. Moreover, developing countries such as India and others are investing in the adoption of new technologies and educating people about them, which is also expected to fuel the growth of the 3D printing filament market.
The State Archive of the Russian Federation in St. Petersburg has, for the first time ever, made declassified documents available pertaining to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s KGB history (as wee as a few other key people in the KGB). The KGB, translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991. As a direct successor of agencies such as the Cheka, NKGB, NKVD and MGB, the committee was attached to the Council of Ministers.
Russian theoretical physicist Yevgeny Avronin kept notes that were released pertaining his lifelong work in nuclear weapons. Avronin was a theoretical physicist, nuclear engineer and Scientific Director at the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre (RFNC). He was a co-developer of the RDS-37, the first Soviet two-stage thermonuclear bomb. He died in 2018.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was formed in 1949. It was one of the first defense unions. The main reason for the creation of NATO was a need for a western unified alliance against the threat of the Soviet Union. After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the 1991, NATO integrated some former communist block Eastern European nations into the alliance.
Rosatom released declassified information pertaining to German nationals who were working on nuclear weapons in Nazi Germany and after World War II came to the Soviet Union. Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation, is a Russian state corporation headquartered in Moscow that specializes in nuclear energy. It was founded by Russian president Vladimir Putin in 2007. The document release is the start of celebrations continuing to August 2020 commemorating 75 years of the Russian nuclear industry.
Russia is testing new weapons systems using the nuclear-powered submarines B-534 Nizhny Novgorod and B-336 Pskov. These two submarines are classified by NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) as 945A Condor (Sierra-II). The Sierra class (Soviet designations Project 945 Barrakuda and Project 945A Kondor) are a series of nuclear-powered attack submarines intended for the Soviet Navy and currently in service with the Russian Navy.
The Human Genome Organization (HUGO) and the European Union developed genetic information privacy regulations to protect the public. A majority of experts have agreed for the need for genetic information privacy. In 2014 the HUGO Committee on Ethics, Law and Society (CELS) presented a human rights approach to an international code of conduct for genomic and clinical data sharing. The code of conduct is supposed to prevent human rights violations during the research of genomes, allowing enough protection to allow scientific research in the genome field.
Defense ministers from Croatia, Hungary, Slovakia, and Slovenia singed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) creating a regional command of special operations. The signing of the MOU took place in the NATO headquarters in Brussels.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949. There is a possibility Austria can join in the future. Austria is not a NATO member. There are five countries which declared their non-alignment with NATO, including Finland, Ireland, Sweden and Malta. Although Austria is not a NATO member and a neutral country, they have a robust strategic military budget, and they share a physical border between Russia and NATO.
German news outlet zdf.de published an article pertaining to nuclear waste going to Russia. The European subsidiary of URENCO signed a contract with Rosatom to export nuclear waste to Russia. URENCO group is a nuclear fuel company operating several uranium enrichment plants in Germany, the Netherlands, United States, and the United Kingdom.
The Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation is the principal security agency of Russia and the main successor agency to the USSR’s KGB. The FSB’s main responsibilities are within the country and include counter-intelligence, internal and border security, counter-terrorism, and surveillance as well as investigating some other types of grave crimes and federal law violations.
Muammar Mohammed Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi was murdered 8 years ago. Gaddafi, commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist. Shortly after his death, it was announced that the war in Libya was over. In reality, the war mutated into a new trajectory. Even the worst pessimists could not have predicted the ramifications. Former US President Barack Obama scarcely admitted it was a mistake.
The Belgian army will stop using a GPS system due to a heightened risk of Russia’s disruption of the GPS signal. The Global Positioning System, originally NAVSTAR GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the US Air Force. The Belgian military will revert to the use of topographic maps and old fashioned compasses.
French scientists carried out nuclear levels testing of Chlorine, which rises to the surface of the Antarctic region snow. The testing was completed in multiple locations in the antarctic circle, pertaining to the isotope of chlorine-36. The results of the elevated levels of the isotope tested positive. Chlorine has two stable isotopes and one naturally occurring radioactive isotope.
This week Russia will host a Russia-Africa summit from October 23-24. The purpose of the summit is to promote Russian initiatives in Africa. There are 54 countries on the African continent and 47 of the nations confirmed their attendance. Russian’s official strategy pertaining to Africa will be unveiled at the summit.
According to the new market research report “Military Communications Market by Communication Type (Airborne, Air-Ground, Underwater, Ground-Based), Component (Military Satcom Systems, Military Radio Systems, Military Security Systems), Application, End User, and Region – Global Forecast to 2023″, published by MarketsandMarkets, the military communications market is expected to grow from $31.50 billion in 2018 to $37.67 billion by 2023, at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 3.6% from 2018 to 2023.
Russia has announced the first functioning prototype of the Quantum Computer. The Quantum computing idea began in the 1980s when physicist Paul Benioff proposed a quantum mechanical model of the Turing machine. The field of quantum computing is closely related to quantum information science, which includes quantum cryptography and quantum communication.
Russia announced the testing phase of Onyx-M missiles will begin in October, 2019. The Onyx-M has the capability of engaging targets with a high-low trajectory of 497 miles (800 km). The missile was originally designed to be deployed for ship targets and has the capability to be used against ground targets. Previously Onyx-M had a capability of engaging targets with a high-low trajectory up to 186 miles (300 km).
The UK citizen Charlie Rowley, who is a victim of the Novichok poisoning revealed he plans to sue Russia for £1m ($1.25 million). Rowley spent two weeks in a coma due to the neuro-paralizing Russian poison. His girlfriend Dawn Sturgess died after being exposed to the nerve agent.
A beyond-line-of-sight land battlefield missile project has been signed by the ministers of defense of Belgium, Cyprus and France. The purpose of the project is to create a new category of missiles for integration with an extensive variety of platforms (ground-to-ground and air-to-ground) and to provide integrated and autonomous target designation capability as per the project description.
The US has announced plans to send forces to Saudi Arabia in the wake of attacks against the country’s oil infrastructure. Historically, before a war there is a provocation. However, looking at the attack trajectory, there are a few odd details in the scenario.