Martin Buber born in Austria 1878 grew up in a religious Jewish family and broke off from the traditional Jewish direction to become a Jewish philosopher. He was nominated for the Nobel Peace prize in literature ten times and the Nobel Peace prize seven times. He is known for his book “I thou” which is connected to existentialism. Existentialism is a philosophy for all human beings to seek out the essence of life by acquiring self-knowledge and applying this knowledge in life. In existentialism existence precedes essence, the importance of the individual is stressed even before the importance of God. The goal in life as described by Martin Buber in his book “I Thou” is to unite the individual with the essence which is God. Existentialism stresses happiness, it also stresses peace as a purpose in life.