Construction of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam on the Blue Nile is underway, raising speculation that it could lead to a “water war.” The dam is undoubtedly a source of tension between Egypt, Ethiopia, and Sudan. War itself, however, is extremely unlikely, between any of the three countries.
Ethiopia has disputed accusations by Egypt and Sudan that it had deliberately filled the reservoir of the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD), calling the rising water level a natural part of the construction process. Egypt subsequently asked the Ethiopian government for immediate clarification.
Sudan and Egypt announced that Ethiopia agreed, during a mini-African summit, to postpone filling the Renaissance Dam, which it is building on the Nile River until a tripartite agreement is reached. It was also agreed to form a committee for this purpose. Negotiations over the dam have been described as “tortuous,” and lasted years.
Egypt submitted to the United Nations Security Council a request to intervene in the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam dispute on Friday. This comes as negotiations between Egypt, Sudan, and Ethiopia have faltered. The three countries failed to reach agreement among themselves, especially on the water-sharing mechanism.
Egypt has identified the basic points and conditions that must be included in the final agreement for the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam, which is to be reached in the Washington meetings on January 28 and 29. Egyptian Prime Minister Moustafa Madbouly chaired the Supreme Committee for the Nile Water Saturday, to review the results of the Washington meeting on the Renaissance Dam. He valued the constructive and positive role played by the administration of the US President, Donald Trump, in facilitating negotiations and converging views between the three countries.
Ethіоріа, Egypt аnd Sudаn hаvе agreed tо work tо rеѕоlvе thеіr dispute over the Rеnаіѕѕаnсе Dam bу mіd-Jаnuаrу. In talks hоѕtеd bу Washington, thе foreign ministers of the thrее countries ѕаіd fоur technical mееtіngѕ wоuld bе hеld wіth the aim оf rеасhіng a mutually beneficial agreement оn thе ореrаtіоn оf the dam.