German Foreign Minister Heiko Maas warned of what he called “deceptive calm” in Libya. Maas, who arrived in Libya on a surprise visit before heading to the United Arab Emirates, added that the process that began in Berlin remains the appropriate framework for resolving the conflict.
French President Emmanuel Macron has criticized Turkey for its role in the Libyan conflict. Macron said Monday night, after meeting with German Chancellor Angela Merkel in Mizeburg, near Berlin, that this role “is a threat to Africa and Europe, and France condemns external interference” in Libya.
In Libya, the operation by the forces under the Government of National Accord (GNA) to retake the city of Sirte back from the hands of General Khalifa Haftar continues. Rejecting Haftar’s call for a ceasefire, the Tripoli government, supported by Turkey, say they will not sit at the table without Sirte.
Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi confirmed in a speech on Saturday, broadcast on Egyptian television, that Egypt’s direct entry into Libya “has become available to international legitimacy,” and involves goals. Sisi said this while inspecting the Egyptian army units in the western military zone.
Human Rights Watch (HRW) today called for an urgent investigation into possible war crimes committed by Marshal Khalifa Haftar’s forces in Libya, marking “apparent evidence of torture” and “summary executions.” HRW cited videos showing Haftar’s forces being involved in such acts.
Russia and the United Arab Emirates praised the “Cairo Declaration” on Libya, which was approved by retired general Khalifa Haftar. The leader of the Libyan National Army (LNA) backed a cease fire to take effect from Monday. However, the Turkish-backed, UN-recognized Government of National Accord (GNA) rejected it.
The forces of the Tripoli government, also known as the Government of National Accord (GNA), managed to re-seize the capital’s airport from forces loyal to General Khalifa Haftar on Wednesday. The news of the airport’s seizure was broken by the GNA’s army spokesman, Mohamed Qanunu.
The leader of one of the belligerents in the ongoing conflict in Libya has announced a truce during the month of Ramadan. After two similar announcements were launched this year, the leader of the “Libyan National Army,” Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar, announced Wednesday night “the cessation of all military operations” of the forces loyal to him on the occasion of the month of Ramadan.
Militias loyal to Libya’s Government of National Accord (GNA), based in Tripoli and recognized by the United Nations, announced Monday that they recovered two strategic cities that were in the hands of the powerful Marshal Khalifa Haftar, who controls much of the territory of the country.
News sources on Tuesday released a report from Geneva announcing progress in the Libyan peace talks. The issue is about a permanent ceasefire in the war-torn country. With the mediation of the United Nations, all parties involved in the civil war in Libya have agreed on the need for a “permanent and lasting” ceasefire to replace an uncertain truce. However, the terms of each party’s acceptance and implementation of the ceasefire are subject to discussion by their representatives.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan urged higher international pressure on the military forces in eastern Libya to accept a provisional truce, and said that Turkey remains committed to supporting the Libyan government recognized by the UN. Erdogan made the comments after a meeting in Istanbul with German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who last Sunday hosted a peace conference on Libya in Berlin. The conference resulted in a provisional ceasefire.
International allies of the Libyan government, supported by the United Nations, and rebel forces led by General Khalifa Haftar agreed on Sunday to respect a ceasefire initiated a week ago, and an arms embargo imposed by the UN Security Council. World leaders are hoping for a way out of the civil war that has plagued the country for five years.
On the eve of the Libyan conference in Berlin, Libyan Prime Minister Faiz al-Saraj called for international support for the government. Meanwhile, Field Marshal Khalifa Haftar is seizing on Libya’s important oil ports to step up his pressure on the government. The Libyan Prime Minister has formally called on the United Nations to support the country’s official government by calling for peacekeepers.
Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias said today that, after his meeting with the leader of the Libyan National Army, Khalifa Haftar, Athens expects European countries to reject the two memoranda that Turkey signed with the Libyan Government of National Accord led by Fayez Al-Sarraj. Dendias added that Athens encouraged Haftar to “constructively act” at the Berlin conference on Sunday, which aims to try to end the fighting in Libya.
In a new step, the Libyan National Army commander, Khalifa Haftar, decided to postpone the signing of a ceasefire agreement, leaving Russia and his delegation. Russia hosted international talks in cooperation with the Prime Minister of the Libyan government, Fayez al-Sarraj, and the Turkish side. This opened speculation about the factors that may have prompted Haftar to take this position, despite allegations raised about the imminent signing of a binding ceasefire agreement in Libya once the negotiations in Moscow ended.
German Chancellor Angela Merkel and her Russian counterpart, President Vladimir Putin, called for a solution to the crisis in Libya Saturday. After a meeting in Moscow, which also discussed the escalation of tensions in the Middle East, both leaders urged the parties to negotiate. Earlier this week, Russia and Turkey— which support opposing sides— called for a cease fire.
Turkey’s parliament has approved the deployment of soldiers to Libya for one year. The Turkish soldiers are to support Libya’s internationally-recognized government, currently under pressure from General Khalifa Haftar’s forces. During Thursday’s vote, 325 MPs voted in favor and 184 against the move by President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s government.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced Thursday that the country’s national Parliament would vote in January to allow troops to be sent to Libya. Turkey is backing the interim government of the Libyan National Agreement (GAN), against the forces of Marshal Khalifa Haftar, who is backed by Russia and Egypt.
Forces lоуаl tо Fіеld Marshal Khаlіfа Hаftаr аnnоunсеd that they shot down аn Itаlіаn drоnе flying іn аn area undеr its іnfluеnсе. Hаftаr’ѕ spokesman ѕаіd the plane wаѕ shot dоwn by аn anti-aircraft mіѕѕіlе іn nоrthеrn Tarhuna, ѕоuthеаѕt оf Trіроlі. Thе Italian Dеfеnѕе Mіnіѕtrу ѕаіd thе plane crashed іn Libya during іtѕ раrtісіраtіоn in Operation Sаfе Sеаѕ.
Lіbуаn gоvеrnmеnt fоrсеѕ оn Mоndау ассuѕеd fоrсеѕ lоуаl tо Fіеld Mаrѕhаl Khаlіfа Haftar оf lаunсhіng аn аіrѕtrіkе оn a bіѕсuіt fасtоrу іn thе south of thе саріtаl Tripoli. The strike killed seven workers, іnсludіng twо Lіbуаnѕ аnd fіvе fоrеіgnеrѕ, thе hеаlth mіnіѕtrу ѕаіd. Thе gоvеrnmеnt fоrсеѕ соnѕіdеrеd thаt “thе UAE Aіr Fоrсе, аnd thе ѕuрроrtеrs оf the сrіmіnаl General Khalifa Haftar” bоmbеd thе fасtоrу, whісh іѕ lосаtеd behind thе аrеаѕ оf сlаѕhеѕ.
Gеrmаn Fоrеіgn Mіnіѕtеr Hеіkо Mааѕ arrived іn Libya оn Sundау for an unаnnоunсеd vіѕіt fоr ѕесurіtу rеаѕоnѕ. Maas рlаnѕ to mееt Lіbуаn Prіmе Mіnіѕtеr Fауеz аl-Sаrrаj, who hеаdѕ the UN-backed gоvеrnmеnt оf nаtіоnаl rесоnсіlіаtіоn, in thе соаѕtаl city of Zuwara, аbоut 120 kilometers wеѕt оf thе capital Trіроlі. Tаlkѕ between the two sides аrе еxресtеd tо revolve around thе Bеrlіn соnfеrеnсе, whісh wіll brіng tоgеthеr Lіbуаn раrtіеѕ.
At least 43 people have died and more than 60 have been injured in an aerial bombardment against the city of Al Murzuq (southwest of Libya) executed by the forces led by Marshal Khalifa Haftar, a local strong man, as reported by news sources citing a representative of the city council. Haftar’s forces, based in eastern Libya, say they targeted the city on Sunday evening but denied targeting civilians.
The United Nations has called for the closure of immigration detention centers in Libya, saying these facilities are unsuitable for shelter. This comes about two weeks after the killing of more than fifty people in an air strike targeting a detention center in the Libyan capital Tripoli.