Breakthrough new research became available on April 20 discussing how neuroscientists created artificial neurons from protein strands to behave like live ones. Neurons are the nerve cells and nerve fibers that are electrically excitable cells in the nervous system that function to process and transmit information. In vertebrate animals, neurons are the core components of the brain, spinal cord and peripheral nerves.
Researchers from the University of California developed a system that decrypts brain signals and turns them into speech. The unique technology allows for the understanding of what one is saying without the need to hear. It is valuable research, especially for the deaf, and could lead to a speech synthesizer.
US scientists from the University of California were able to substantiate how fear formulates in the brain. Both researchers discovered that in a stressful situation, the hippocampus reacts to a specific context and encodes it in memory, and the amygdala activates protective functions, including the reaction in the form of fear. Hippocampus is a complex brain structure embedded deep into temporal lobe. It plays a major role in learning and memory. It is a plastic and vulnerable structure that gets damaged by a variety of stimuli.
For the first time ever, the internet aided in the creation of a virtual brain using actual live nerve cells. This breakthrough and novel project was created with the collaboration from Italian, Swiss and British scientists. The artificial neurons came from Switzerland, electronic interneuron connection from the UK and the live nerve cells from Italy. All these were amalgamated into one functioning system. It means that a live nervous system can be collaborated with the technology into one.