This week, the Russian Defense Ministry announced the testing of the first nuclear powered Poseidon carrier submarine. The new technology is able to destroy a whole city. However, if ever Poseidon testing goes wrong and it explodes, it would cause a much worse nuclear disaster than Fukushima.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) continues to forge ahead. When the vast majority of traditional manufacturing processes are already based on artificial intelligence, machine learning, big data analysis, and system commands based on this analysis, digital security issues become crucial.
A NATO review on June 8 provided important information about the nuclear threat from Russia. The author is the Director, Nuclear Policy Directorate, NATO International Staff Jessica Cox. According to her bio, Cox provides policy support to the Secretary General and others at NATO HQ on matters related to NATO nuclear deterrence and also chairs the Nuclear Planning Group Staff Group.
The Oak Ridge Laboratory announced a revolutionary project that includes using 3D printing technology to produce a state of the art nuclear reactor. The prototype of its core was printed in just three months. According to the standards of the nuclear industry, this is a super pace. The hexagonal structure took close to 40 hours to build, with temperatures reaching over 1,400 degrees Celsius around the melt pool where a laser heats and melts while adding a new layer.
There are reports of the fire that started inside the ventilation system in the Polish National Center of the Nuclear Research in the city of Svierk, 30 km from Warsaw. Th Center has been Poland’s top location for nuclear research since 1955. Over the decades several Swierk institutes formed the core of Poland nuclear ambitions, creating four of Poland’s five nuclear research reactors and critical assemblies, all but one of which is still at service.
A tweet has been made by the Editor-In-Chief of The Global Times calling for China to increase its number of nuclear warheads. This is not the first tweet of this nature within the same week. The suggested increase is to 1,000 nuclear warheads. Calls for an expansion of the nuclear arsenal were also published in the article in the The Global Times.
US President Donald Trump’s special envoy for arms control, Marshall Billingslea, stated that the strategic treaty with Russia should include new weapons systems. Trump appointed Billingslea on April 10 as Special Presidential Envoy for Arms Control. In this role, Billingslea will lead arms control negotiations on behalf of the US government. Previously, he served as the Assistant Secretary for Terrorist Financing in the United States Department of the Treasury.
Iran believes the embargo might be lifted. This opinion was expressed on May 2 by the official representative of the Iranian government, claiming that Iran is convinced that the parties to the nuclear deal, as well as the permanent members of the UN Security Council, will oppose the intentions of the US. According to the Iranian government representative, “Washington’s desire to extend the arms embargo is another confirmation that the US defiantly ignores international agreements and law.”
The United States Nuclear Fuel Working Group published its finding pertaining to the need to restore the competitive advantage to the US. The group was established by US President Donald Trump. The precedent for the group’s creation was set in January 2018 when two US uranium mining companies filed an appeal with the Department of Commerce for the consideration of uranium supplies from Kazakhstan, Russia and Uzbekistan.
There is a group of physicists specifically dedicating their work to the physics of high energy densities. High-energy-density physics (HEDP) is a relatively new subfield of physics intersecting condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and plasma physics. It has been defined as the physics of matter and radiation at energy densities in excess of about 100 GJ/m^3.
The United States imposes sanctions on 13 foreign entities and individuals in Russia, China, Iraq, and Turkey under the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act (INKSNA). The announcement was confirmed by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on @twitter.
The Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act authorizes the United States to impose sanctions against foreign individuals, private entities, and governments that engage in proliferation activities.
Russia just announced near completion of its own new tokamak prototype. Russia is one of the nations involved in the ITER experiment, the world’s largest fusion experiment. Each nation involved in the project has to have its own tokamak. The tokamak is one of several types of magnetic confinement devices being developed to produce controlled thermonuclear fusion power.
Russia is planning to send 82 tonnes of monazite from the Ural region to China. The proposal was discussed on November 6. Monazite is a reddish-brown phosphate mineral containing rare-earth metals. It occurs usually in small, isolated crystals. Since the start of atomic projects in the Soviet Union in the 1930s, Siberia has been one of the regions where monazite in the river sands was extracted for its Thorium, a naturally-occurring, slightly radioactive metal discovered in 1828 by the Swedish chemist Jons Jakob Berzelius, who named it after Thor, the Norse god of thunder.
There is a global interest in space travel and the question experts are discussing is “what type of fuel should the space reactors run on?” Commercial projects, including Elon Musk’s SpaceX, desire the conquering of other planets and even creating space colonies on the moon. Last year, SpaceX announced fashion innovator and Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa will be the first private passenger to fly around the Moon in 2023.
Iran’s first Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri Kouhshahi attended an annual meeting organized by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). An 18th meeting of the Council of Heads of Government of Member States of the SCO was held Saturday in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan. The SCO, or Shanghai Pact, is a Eurasian political, economic, and security alliance, the creation of which was announced on June 15, 2001 in Shanghai. Iran is not an official member of the SCO but very interested in joining. He was observed having great interest in reciprocal agreements with Uzbekistan.
Russian theoretical physicist Yevgeny Avronin kept notes that were released pertaining his lifelong work in nuclear weapons. Avronin was a theoretical physicist, nuclear engineer and Scientific Director at the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre (RFNC). He was a co-developer of the RDS-37, the first Soviet two-stage thermonuclear bomb. He died in 2018.
Rosatom released declassified information pertaining to German nationals who were working on nuclear weapons in Nazi Germany and after World War II came to the Soviet Union. Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation, is a Russian state corporation headquartered in Moscow that specializes in nuclear energy. It was founded by Russian president Vladimir Putin in 2007. The document release is the start of celebrations continuing to August 2020 commemorating 75 years of the Russian nuclear industry.
German news outlet zdf.de published an article pertaining to nuclear waste going to Russia. The European subsidiary of URENCO signed a contract with Rosatom to export nuclear waste to Russia. URENCO group is a nuclear fuel company operating several uranium enrichment plants in Germany, the Netherlands, United States, and the United Kingdom.
The latest tragedy was an explosion at the Nenoksa Missile Test Site near Severodvink, a region in northern Russia. Indeed, as many as fifteen may have been harmed in the accident, seven died. A clear notice was issued to ships that they could not enter a 250-square kilometer area close to the accident. The innuendos followed in the Western media and experts put forth theories around it is being Burevestnik, claiming the explosion is due to the testing of a nuclear powered cruise missile. According to NATO the classification is SSC X-9 Skyfall (Russian classification 9M730-Burevestnik).
This summer Russia suffered multiple tragedies in their defense sector, including the loss of lives on the “Losharik” nuclear submarine. The latest tragedy was an explosion during the Nenoksa Missile Test Site near Severodvink, a region in northern Russia. Both times, highly skilled Russian elite specialists died. The incident at the Russian defense nuclear testing facility claimed the lives of seven people and left others injured. Overall, it is the third incident within a week in the same geographical area.
The US Department of Energy (DOE) announced open hearings on the environment impact assessment regarding the construction of a Versatile Test Reactor (VTR). The project announcement was originally made by Secretary of Energy Rick Perry on February 28, 2019, with a tentative completion date of 2026. Dr. Kemal Pasamehmetoglu is a nuclear engineer and the executive director of the Versatile Test Reactor Project at the Idaho National Laboratory. GE-HITACHI is the subcontractor for the design support.
Kim Jong-un inspected a new submarine in what looks like a new gesture to pressure the US within the framework of denuclearization talks. While negotiations remain stagnant, North Korea does not stop its military development. North Korean propaganda media yesterday claimed that Kim reviewed the submarine, with a deployment near the waters of the Sea of Japan (called the East Sea in the two Koreas).
The Iranian mission to the United Nations, Ali Reza Mir Yusuf, said Tehran’s ballistic missile program is not negotiable. His remarks came after US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo spoke of the Iranians’ readiness to discuss their missile program.
US President Donald Trump also said progress has been made in an effort to reduce tensions with Iran. Relations between the two countries deteriorated dramatically after Trump withdrew last year from the nuclear deal with Iran and re-imposed sanctions on Tehran. In response, Iran began to breach some of the terms of the agreement.
President Hassan Rohani is ready for negotiations with the United States in order to stop efforts to punish his country economically. Amid tensions between Washington and Tehran, Germany, France and the United Kingdom called for responsible action. Iranian President Hassan Rohani said on Sunday his country is ready to resume talks with the United States if Washington removes heavy economic sanctions against the country and returns to the 2015 nuclear deal.