US Engineers from the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania have developed cost efficient and unique drones for space exploration. The drones are thin as paper and can travel around Mars and other planets. The work is very relevant since NASA unveiled its new Space Exploration Agenda earlier this month.
There is a group of physicists specifically dedicating their work to the physics of high energy densities. High-energy-density physics (HEDP) is a relatively new subfield of physics intersecting condensed matter physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics and plasma physics. It has been defined as the physics of matter and radiation at energy densities in excess of about 100 GJ/m^3.
Researchers have created a new material that is harder than a diamond. This material could revolutionize the aerospace industry within the manufacturing sector. Thus far the new material has only been tested in a lab setting. The Nanolettuce structure is porous. The work consists of three-dimensional carbon struts and a connecting bracket. Due to its unique structure, these structures are incredibly strong and light.
There is a conundrum pertaining to the possibility of universes expanding in all directions at the same rate. According to the Hubble Law, the clusters of galaxies are further away than they should be. Therefore, hypothetically speaking, the universe is not expanding in all directions at the same rate. Edwin Hubble observed the relation between distance and recession velocity of galaxies in 1929.
Russian physicists from the National Research Nuclear University (MEPhi) created a new detector that can identify TNT, nitrobenzene and nitronaphthalene. The device will be very useful for border agents and a myriad of law enforcement agencies. The full invention research by MEPhi physicists was published in a report titled, Prototype of Nitro Compound Vapor and Trace Detector Based on a Capacitive MIS Sensor.
Presently, physicists have not reached any consensus pertaining to the explanation of x-ray radiation from space by the decay of dark matter particles. The phenomenon still remains a mystery. Dark matter continues to be a contested topic among many physicists around the globe. There is no plausible resolution about the x-rays and the dark matter.
It is highly likely in the near future two scenarios will occur:
Russian scientists from the Russian Academy of Science from Siberia utilized applied synchrotron radiation to analyze the characteristics of a welded joint of aluminum and titanium. The Russian Academy of Sciences consists of the national academy of Russia. It is a network of scientific research institutes from across the Russian Federation.
Russian physicists Yevgeny Solovyov and Tasko Grodzanov, from the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and the University of Belgrade created a unique helium atom by colliding a normal helium atom and antimatter particles in the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. The core of an ordinary helium atom consists of two protons and two neutrons. Two electrons revolve around the nucleus. Helium has atomic number: 2 and atomic weight 4,0026 g/mol.
A rare find occurred at the island of Corsica library. The book found is one of the first copies of Sir Isaac Newton‘s book, which played a large role in the physics field. The book is the three-volume work Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical principles of natural philosophy), which first formulated the three famous laws of mechanics (Newton was considered a genius) and the law of universal gravitation.
Russian scientists have created nanoswitches. It is the first time ever that has become possible. The devices are based on single crystals of vanadium dioxide (VO2), which dramatically and reversibly change their resistance and at the same time demonstrate a record energy efficiency comparable to the efficiency of a neuron, with high speed and durability.
Russian scientists from the Siberian State Aerospace University developed a technology that simplifies the process of creating energy sources using radioactive Nickel-63. The new technology is based on the chemical reduction of metal ions from a solution. Such reactions have been known for a long time, but no one has tried to use them to create nuclear batteries based on the Nickel isotope.
Russian physicists at the MGU center for quantum technologies, together with a group of scientists from Skoltech under the direction of Jacob Biamonte used a deep neural network to analyze experimental data for quantum tomography of the spatial states of photons. The method proved to be much more effective than the traditional methods used in such cases. The results of the study have been published in the journal of the Quantum Information.
The Russian Nuclear Physics Institute is entering the testing phase in the field of plasma for the use of a magnetic field with screw symmetry, which will allow controlling the rotation of the plasma to suppress the longitudinal losses of the plasma from an open trap. To test this concept, an experimental RESIN installation (a Spiral magnetic open trap) was developed and built.
A Russian court in the Rostov region sentenced a scientist from Novocherkassk, Alexey Temerev, to 7.5 years in a high-security prison for high treason. The case is classified. Nevertheless, upon doing research about the company Temerev owned, I learned he was an intern from Vietnam. However, Vietnam is not known for stealing classified defense sensitive information in Russia.
New work has been announced pertaining to physics under collaboration with Russian and German physicists, pertaining to the behavior of electrons in atoms with different isotopes of the same element. Electrons are negative charged particles of the atom. Together, all of the electrons of an atom create a negative charge that balances the positive charge of the protons in the atomic nucleus. Electrons are very small in comparison to other parts of the atom.
A new neural network has been developed by Russian researchers. It became possible while analyzing data from the world’s large Hadron collider. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator. It consists of a 27-kilometre ring of superconducting magnets with a number of accelerating structures to boost the energy of the particles along the way. The Collider has been operational, since 2009.
Russia just announced near completion of its own new tokamak prototype. Russia is one of the nations involved in the ITER experiment, the world’s largest fusion experiment. Each nation involved in the project has to have its own tokamak. The tokamak is one of several types of magnetic confinement devices being developed to produce controlled thermonuclear fusion power.
There is a global interest in space travel and the question experts are discussing is “what type of fuel should the space reactors run on?” Commercial projects, including Elon Musk’s SpaceX, desire the conquering of other planets and even creating space colonies on the moon. Last year, SpaceX announced fashion innovator and Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa will be the first private passenger to fly around the Moon in 2023.
Russian theoretical physicist Yevgeny Avronin kept notes that were released pertaining his lifelong work in nuclear weapons. Avronin was a theoretical physicist, nuclear engineer and Scientific Director at the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre (RFNC). He was a co-developer of the RDS-37, the first Soviet two-stage thermonuclear bomb. He died in 2018.
Rosatom released declassified information pertaining to German nationals who were working on nuclear weapons in Nazi Germany and after World War II came to the Soviet Union. Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation, is a Russian state corporation headquartered in Moscow that specializes in nuclear energy. It was founded by Russian president Vladimir Putin in 2007. The document release is the start of celebrations continuing to August 2020 commemorating 75 years of the Russian nuclear industry.
Nobel Prize in Physics is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who have made the most outstanding contributions for mankind in the field of physics. The 2019 Nobel Prize in physics depends on the atomic physics.
The 2019 Nobel Prize is split between Michel Mayor (University Geneva), Didier Queloz (University of Geneva, University of Cambridge) and James Peebles ( Princeton University) for the discovery of an exoplanet orbiting a solar-type star, which is based on the radial velocity method. Also known as Doppler spectroscopy, it is the most effective method for locating extrasolar planets with existing technology.
An American astrophysicist Julian B. Muñoz found a process to study the universe during an earlier era of its formation. Muñoz is a theoretical cosmologist at Harvard. After the Massive Explosion (Big Bang), the universe was hot quark gluon plasma, that cooled during the expansion of space. A gluon is an elementary particle that acts as the exchange particle for the strong force between quarks.
Russia has announced the first functioning prototype of the Quantum Computer. The Quantum computing idea began in the 1980s when physicist Paul Benioff proposed a quantum mechanical model of the Turing machine. The field of quantum computing is closely related to quantum information science, which includes quantum cryptography and quantum communication.
The Russian scientists in the Department of Theoretical Mechanics, Samara National Research University discovered an effective method to deal with space debris. Samara National Research University is one of Russia’s leading engineering and technical institutions. It is located in the City of Samara.
Roskosmos posted recent ideas they’ve received pertaining to moon travel. The Roscosmos is a state corporation for space activities. It is a Russian corporation responsible for a wide range and types of space flights and programs.
A Russian scientist, Alexander Mayboroda, Director of Avanta Consulting in Rostov-On-Don, offered his engineering solutions. He has a myriad of patents pertaining to space. The most recent one being a “Method for Delivering Cargoes into Space and a System for Implementation of Same.” Rostov-on-Don is a port city and the administrative center of Rostov Oblast, the Southern Federal District of Russia.
Russia announced their intention to create an electrode-less plasma rocket engine prototype. The engine will be made by the Russian Kurchatov Institute with a target completion date of 2021. The Kurchatov Institute is one of the leading entities in the field of nuclear energy research and development. It is named after Igor Kurchatov, who was widely known as the director of the Soviet atomic bomb project and one of the top nuclear physicists. Kurchatov is known as the “father of the Soviet atomic bomb” and later, “the father of the Soviet Nuclear Missile.
The Russian military is adopting new radar based on radio-photonic technology. The first prototype has been released this week and is being tested by Russian military personnel. During the 24th International Crimean Conference Microwave & Telecommunication Technology in 2014 the first report on the subject was presented.
This summer Russia suffered multiple tragedies in their defense sector, including the loss of lives on the “Losharik” nuclear submarine. The latest tragedy was an explosion during the Nenoksa Missile Test Site near Severodvink, a region in northern Russia. Both times, highly skilled Russian elite specialists died. The incident at the Russian defense nuclear testing facility claimed the lives of seven people and left others injured. Overall, it is the third incident within a week in the same geographical area.
Space war, or technical warfare is silently being waged all around us. On July 13th, 2019 (this past weekend) the European Union’s (EU’S) Galileo satellite went, or was taken offline. Galileo is owned by the collective European Union, managed and operated by the European Space Agency, and is used for nonmilitary, scientific, and civilian purposes.