The State Archive of the Russian Federation in St. Petersburg has, for the first time ever, made declassified documents available pertaining to Russian President Vladimir Putin’s KGB history (as wee as a few other key people in the KGB). The KGB, translated in English as Committee for State Security, was the main security agency for the Soviet Union from 1954 until its break-up in 1991. As a direct successor of agencies such as the Cheka, NKGB, NKVD and MGB, the committee was attached to the Council of Ministers.
Russian theoretical physicist Yevgeny Avronin kept notes that were released pertaining his lifelong work in nuclear weapons. Avronin was a theoretical physicist, nuclear engineer and Scientific Director at the Russian Federal Nuclear Centre (RFNC). He was a co-developer of the RDS-37, the first Soviet two-stage thermonuclear bomb. He died in 2018.
Rosatom released declassified information pertaining to German nationals who were working on nuclear weapons in Nazi Germany and after World War II came to the Soviet Union. Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation, is a Russian state corporation headquartered in Moscow that specializes in nuclear energy. It was founded by Russian president Vladimir Putin in 2007. The document release is the start of celebrations continuing to August 2020 commemorating 75 years of the Russian nuclear industry.
The Soviet/Russian space agency Roscosmos has declassified important documents containing information about the race to the moon. The release is timed to commemorate the 60th anniversary of the first trip to the moon. The never seen before documentation contains engine specifications and analysis as well as the original thoughts and data of the Soviet engineers and designers.
A document compilation entitled “Fragile World in the Doorstep of War” was just released by Russia’ central military archive. It contains an assessment of the war threat to the Soviet Union with unique information hand written by Boris Shaposhnikov. He was a Soviet military commander, Chief of the Staff of the Red Army, and Marshal of the Soviet Union. The letter was addressed to Kliment Voroshilov, who was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era, and describes each nation and its threat level to the Soviet Union.
The Russian Institute of Cryptology is celebrating its 70th anniversary this year. This week a discovery of Stalin’s application of the cryptology became available. The code was applied starting in 1919 by Stalin in his telegrams. The information posted need a little interpreting but it appears the code Stalin was using came from a small sized book that could be easily carried and the page numbers resemble the letters.
In France, Francis Vercamer, a deputy of the National Assembly of France recently asked to clarify the Russian repayment of bonds from the Czarist Russia period in the 1800s. The French invested in the railroad bonds backed by the gold standard. The bonds were issued during the railroad construction boom in the latter part of the 1800s. In January 1857 Alexander II signed into law the start of building railroads to connect a multitude of the Russian regions.