Russia and China are ready to sign an historic deal to build the first lunar base. The two countries will cooperate in creating an international lunar structure that China developed. The information was released on the Russian government’s official site. The lunar base can be seen as part of a second space race against America.
The 2020 was not a good year for the Russian space program. Even though, Russia continues to be in the top 3 nations pertaining the space launches. Roscosmos is showing a negative trend. The US remains at the number 1 spot, followed by China. Chinese launches in majority were not successful. Last year, Russia only had 4 out of 11 flights to the International Space Station (ISS).
This week, the Russian Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences held a meeting. During the meeting, the First Deputy General Designer presented a new project regarding the Russian Orbital Station. One of the main attractions of the new orbital station is the built-in artificial gravity generator.
Currently majority of the world is reliant on the satellite navigation systems. GPS is one of the most popular systems. A satellite navigation device is a device that is capable of receiving information from satellites and then to calculate the device’s geographical position.
The initial stage of development of the first Russian software for designing and managing multi-satellite systems has been completed. Development and testing is carried out by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research in cooperation with the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology.
An announcement pertaining to robotic mini shuttle development was made as part of a presentation of a new 10 year Russian Space Agenda. This includes the creation of a new Russian space station, the lunar program with the new Orel spacecraft, a super-heavy carrier, and other inspiring initiatives.
Roscosmos announced on Monday that a contract for the development of the preliminary design of the reusable launch vehicle, Amur, has been signed. The contract is for $82.5 billion (70 billion Roubles). The first launch is scheduled for 2026. The carrier is expected to have a returnable first stage and a single-use second stage, both equipped with methane engines.
This week, NASA announced the creation of the Planet Patrol Website. The purpose of the website to aid scientists in the research of the new exoplanets in the data of the TESS space telescope. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite is a space telescope for NASA’s Explorers program, designed to search for exoplanets using the transit method in an area 400 times larger than that covered by the Kepler mission.
Roscosmos specialists have confirmed that there is an air leak on the International Space station (ISS), and its place is located in the Russian Zvezda module. The crew has yet to determine the location of the leak, but if necessary, additional oxygen can be delivered to orbit.
The Russian Foundation for Advanced Research announced that a prototype of an aircraft engine that uses high-temperature superconductivity has been successfully tested. The engine is the first of its kind. The laboratory testing of the new system demonstrated its operation in normal and emergency modes.
On July 15th, 2020, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) announced a delay of the Mars Hope Probe lunch. The UAE Space Agency (UAESA) released the information via Twitter. The delay comes after the UAESA’s discussions with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries. The launch was scheduled at the Tanegashima Island, Japan.
On July 13, Roscosmos announced on Twitter the development of a new rocket to replace Soyuz. Work is underway on a new commercial medium-class rocket with a methane engine, which will replace the legendary Soyuz-2 family. The new methane rocket will be more cost efficient and more reliable.
The colonization of other planets is becoming a focus of the space agendas around the globe. In April, NASA released a new report outlining the development of selenium (on the moon), which turns it into a springboard for the preparation of the future Martian expeditions.
Russia announced that its first automatic space station in modern history, Luna-25, will complete all necessary tests by mid-2021. It is scheduled to go on the mission to the moon in the Fall of 2021. Currently, the Luna-Globus development work, of which Luna-25 is a part, is at the stage of ground testing of experimental products.
Russia announced a new patent pertaining the autonomous system that is capable of converting thermal energy in to electrical energy, including in the conditions of a lunar base. It was obtained by specialists of the Kurchatov Institute, Russia’s leading research and development institution in the field of nuclear energy.
Russia has been developing new spacecraft, “Orel” (Eagle). It has been in the design phase since 2009. However, the new details pertaining the spacecraft emerged this week. The New Chief Designer, Igor Khamits, gave an interview about the ship via a Roscosmos press release.
During an online Roscongress Foundation session, Chinese professor Xiu Feihu, from the University of Science and Technology of China, announced plans to expand the communication network between Russia and China. The Roscongress Foundation is a socially oriented non-financial development institution and a major organizer of international conventions, exhibitions, and sporting, public, and cultural events.
In an exclusive interview with Bijan Norouz, he explains about the role of cosmic music in the future of human. Bijan Norouz Space Habitat and Space City wants to build the tools to help humanity explore the solar system, ultimately expanding life out to take advantage of more resources and support over one billion people.
The Russian private company International Commercial Space announced a concept of ARGO in the Fall of 2019. The majority of the staff is from the S7 Space company, which is the first Russian commercial company providing a full service launching of spacecrafts with the use of the launch vehicles Zenit. Only now is new information pertaining to the ARGO project becaming available. ARGO will be a conjoined project between Roscosmos, Rosatom and Rostec.
Astronomers discovered a satellite near a large celestial body far beyond the orbit of Neptune. It is very difficult to study Trans-Neptunian objects (tnos). They are too far from the Sun, and therefore reflect very little light. TRANS-Neptunian Objects (TNOs) are thought to be among the least evolved relics of the solar system formation, residing in the outer parts of the solar system, where the influence of the Sun is less severe than in the inner parts of the solar system.
European engineers have proposed a solution that will help the Rover not to loose power in the infinite darkness of the moon’ polar craters. The project is under contract with the European Space Agency, an intergovernmental organization of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris, ESA has a worldwide staff of about 2,200 in 2018 and an annual budget of about €6.68 billion in 2020.
China launched the Changzheng-5B on May 5 to test a new-generation lander. The rocket crashed on May 11. The Changzheng-5B launch vehicle is an improved version of the Changzheng-5. It is China’s first heavy class space rocket (with a maximum payload of 25 tons). Changzheng-5B has four launch boosters with a diameter of 3.35 m each.
Engineers from the University of Central Florida and the Air Force Research Laboratory have created a super rocket engine prototype. Kareem Ahmed, an assistant professor in UCF’s Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, led the research. The new system uses continuous explosions in the combustion chamber. The fuel does not burn, but explodes.
Astrophysicists discovered new results by studying the distribution of matter in the universe. There are at least two ways to do this. Both rely on different aspects of the CDM model. Lambda-CDM model is a parametrization of the Big Bang cosmological model in which the universe contains three major components: first, a cosmological constant denoted by Lambda (Greek Λ) and associated with dark energy; second, the postulated cold dark matter (abbreviated CDM); and third, ordinary matter.
New information became available about NASA’s plans to send a miniature probe to Earth’s satellite. The launch is expected to take place in t2021 as part of the Artemis-1 mission. The original launch was supposed to take place this year, but due to coronavirus it had to be postponed until next year.
A new research paper has been published related to Venus. It is collaborative work between US and Japanese scientists. The main focus of the research is to answer a question that has been unanswered until now: Why does the atmosphere of Venus rotate 60 times faster than the surface of the planet? At the Earth’s equator, the speed of Earth’s spin is about 1,000 miles per hour (1,600 km per hour).
The Pentagon has officially released US Navy videos which captured aerial phenomena that authorities describe as”unidentified.” The footage was taken by US combat aircraft crews in 2004 and 2015. The US Defense Department notes that some of these videos were already accessible on open sources as a result of leaked information.
US Engineers from the Department of Mechanical Engineering and Applied Mechanics, University of Pennsylvania have developed cost efficient and unique drones for space exploration. The drones are thin as paper and can travel around Mars and other planets. The work is very relevant since NASA unveiled its new Space Exploration Agenda earlier this month.
Currently, there is is a space race. Earlier this month NASA announced space exploration agenda. NASA plans to build a mobile habitable platform. The platform will accommodate voyages lasting up to 45 days.
It is expected the lunar base should become a springboard for the preparation of the landing on Mars. It will not only become a springboard for the study of the celestial body itself, but also for the development of technologies that ensure maximum autonomy of the base. Thus, specialists will have to create and perfect methods for obtaining water, oxygen and fuel from local resources. In addition, astronauts will have the opportunity to test advanced robotics.
For the first time ever, astronomers mapped the entire surface of the moon and classified all the geological structures on its surface. This is big news and the information will be one of the key tools used for further exploration and development as well as for the space mission’s components. The information became available through the 51st Lunar and Planetary Science Conference 2020 release.
SpaceX announced plans to send two astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) on May 27, 2020. This will be the first manned flight launched from the United States after a nearly 10-year break. “On may 27, NASA will again send American astronauts on American rockets from American soil!” – reads the tweet of Jim Bridenstine, Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Patrick E. Rodi from Rice University came up with a solution for an aircraft to be able to ride a shock wave and use its power for good instead of fighting it. Dr. Rodi worked in the aerospace industry for 23 years specializing in high speed aerodynamics, aerothermodynamics, and vehicle design, most recently as a Lockheed Martin Fellow and as the AeroSciences Lead on the Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle program. Currently, he is a a Professor in Practice at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Rice University.
There is a conundrum pertaining to the possibility of universes expanding in all directions at the same rate. According to the Hubble Law, the clusters of galaxies are further away than they should be. Therefore, hypothetically speaking, the universe is not expanding in all directions at the same rate. Edwin Hubble observed the relation between distance and recession velocity of galaxies in 1929.
Bill Nye has been an avid advocate pertaining to bringing back Mars samples for further exploration. Mr Nye believes it is plausible that the human race has Martian ancestors. This is a far fetched theory, but nevertheless there are a myriad of theories that became true, including many discoveries in the world of astrophysics.
BepiColombo a joint project between the European Space Agency and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) aimed to exploring the Mercury planet will have its one and only flyby on April 10, 2020. The spacecraft is going to Mercury on a research mission. BepiColombo is Europe’s first mission to Mercury. Launched on October 20, 2018, it is on a seven year journey to the smallest and least explored terrestrial planet in our Solar System.
All G7 nations continue to enhance their strategies for missions to the moon and even established colonies. Many space missions and developments has been postponed due to the global coronavirus pandemic. However, strategy and development is going forward. NASA published a 13 page report outlining their Plan for Sustained Exploration and Development.
Russian scientists from the Russian Academy of Sciences, in collaboration with other Russian institutions, completed research of the properties of a copolymer based on polyaryleneetherketones to assess the prospects of its application in space technology. The purpose of this study is to protect the electronics on a spacecraft, which is effected by the surrounding plasma. There are only three centers across the globe that have the necessary equipment and experts to successfully analyze the effects of electrification of materials for spacecraft in conditions close to its original state.
Describing space above atmosphere by common language of “cosmic song”
Bijan Norouz have recently produced and edited some music for a video clip about the spheres and the cosmos, in which they have tried to describe the outer space of the earth for their audiences. As they believe there is a harmonic “Cosmic Song” among the celestial bodies and music is the one which can help a better understanding of the world above for the human.
There a lot of important concepts in philosophical and cosmic phenomena and this type of music can help you to think about them.
Black holes, a journey to the moon or a journey to Mars and any related Object to the terraincognita of celestial objects, has always been surprisingly intriguing to human. That’s why space travel has always been among the greatest dreams of mankind. For the first time in Iran, a music band has composed specialized music for the astronomical phenomena.
The Russian Nuclear Physics Institute is entering the testing phase in the field of plasma for the use of a magnetic field with screw symmetry, which will allow controlling the rotation of the plasma to suppress the longitudinal losses of the plasma from an open trap. To test this concept, an experimental RESIN installation (a Spiral magnetic open trap) was developed and built.
Russia’s new Spacecraft Orel will fly to the moon in 2029. The news came via presentation from the Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities, commonly known as Roscosmos, a state corporation responsible for the wide range and types of space flights and cosmonautics programs for the Russian Federation.
The meaning of the problem of overpopulation of the Earth came back in the 18th century. Demographer Thomas Malthus proposed the theory that overpopulation of the planet, which has become the cradle of mankind, is inevitable, and this will eventually lead to starvation, degradation of homo sapiens as a species and its disappearance. The scientist’s gloomy forecasts did not come true due to constantly developing medicine, first of all, mass vaccination, mechanization of agriculture, technology of deep freezing of products and wide development of the chemical industry.
For the first time, China received laser echoes from all mirror reflectors on the Moon (A15, A14, A11, L17, L21). The information became available via 6do news on December 8. The research group successfully completed laser distance measurements between Earth and the moon. The first experiment by China took place in 2018 with a 1.2-meter telescope laser ranging system. Clearly, it is not competitive with the US results achieved in the same field.
China has been actively involved in espionage against Russia after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991. In the last century, China has not been known for many inventions in the space field, but instead as been a successful copycat. The route to copying patented and classified inventions leads to espionage. The facts prove themselves. Even though China has the highest numbers of STEM grads under President’s Xi politics, still China is not a leader in the field. Also, Chinese education focuses on being a great follower, but not a leader, since the communist model does not allow room for individualistic views.
The European Space Agency (ESA) announced a budget increase to $15.866 billion. The expansion of the budget was finalized on November 28. The ESA is an intergovernmental organization of 22 member states dedicated to the exploration of space. Established in 1975 and headquartered in Paris. The national bodies who sit on ESA’s governing council are: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
NATO Ministers of Foreign Affairs are meeting this week at NATO headquarters in Brussels, Belgium. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization, also called the is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries. The organization implements the North Atlantic Treaty that was signed on 4 April 1949. It is expected that NATO will acknowledge space as NATO’s new operational sphere at these meetings.
On November 14, the NASA Inspector General Office of Audits published a report entitled NASA’s Management of Crew Transportation to the International Space Station. The audit data was collected from February 2019 to November 2019 as per the audit standards. One of the main goals of the audit is to compare the piloted programs by Boeing, Space X and Soyuz.
There is a global interest in space travel and the question experts are discussing is “what type of fuel should the space reactors run on?” Commercial projects, including Elon Musk’s SpaceX, desire the conquering of other planets and even creating space colonies on the moon. Last year, SpaceX announced fashion innovator and Japanese billionaire Yusaku Maezawa will be the first private passenger to fly around the Moon in 2023.
Roskosmos and Russian space programs have been experiencing certain difficulties for some time. The Roscosmos State Corporation for Space Activities is a state corporation responsible for the wide range and types of space flights and cosmonautics programs for the Russian Federation. Russia is unfortunately known for corruption and theft.
Recently, construction of the new Vostochny Cosmodrome resulted in the theft of 11 billion roubles ($171.3 million). This was confirmed by Russian press secretary Dmitriy Peskov, a Russian diplomat, translator and Turkologist. Since 2012, Peskov has been the Press Secretary for the President of Russia, Vladimir Putin.