The Russian scientists in the Department of Theoretical Mechanics, Samara National Research University discovered an effective method to deal with space debris. Samara National Research University is one of Russia’s leading engineering and technical institutions. It is located in the City of Samara.
On September 23, 2019 Thomas Cook halted its operations. The company owned Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomas Cook Airlines Scandinavia. Thomas Cook was formed in 2007 by the merger of Thomas Cook AG and MyTravel Group. The group operated in two separate segments: a tour operator and an airline. Thomas Cook went into compulsory liquidation on September 23, 2019 and is now under the control of the Official Receiver. The company went into liquidation due to £1.7 billion debt. As a result, the UK Government is having to fly home over 150,000 customers from 18 countries. Brexit uncertainty contributed to the faster demise of Thomas Cook. The company was known for its all-inclusive travel model.
The UK citizen Charlie Rowley, who is a victim of the Novichok poisoning revealed he plans to sue Russia for £1m ($1.25 million). Rowley spent two weeks in a coma due to the neuro-paralizing Russian poison. His girlfriend Dawn Sturgess died after being exposed to the nerve agent.
Brexit continues to dominate world news. If there is a strategy, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s next move will shape the future of the world’s fifth-largest economy. The fate of the Brexit endeavor is at stake, which both sides cast as the United Kingdom’s most significant decision in a century. Brexit is the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union after the referendum held on June 23, 2016 in which 51.9% of those voting supported leaving the EU. They voted for full independence from all EU mandates and laws across the board. The UK Parliament is now closed for five weeks and the recent political turmoil has caused more questions than answers.
There is controversy today over a potential meeting between Hassan Rouhani of Iran and President Donald Trump. Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu commented about this potential meeting saying he cannot tell the American president who he can or cannot meet, but the two are in agreement about the issue of the Iran Nuclear deal. In the meantime Iran will announce nuclear steps on Saturday. They have stated that they are poised for faster nuclear centrifuges which will mean the collapse of the nuclear deal. Europe is still trying to save the deal with a French proposal offering a $15 billion line of credit. Netanyahu is meeting with US secretary of defense Mark Esper and Boris Johnson in London concerning the nuclear deal.
Russian media continues to run pro-China propaganda and justifications for the use of force against demonstrators in Hong Kong. The unrest in the former British colony has been ongoing for the past four months. Demonstrators wearing black face masks became the new heroes and modern day revolutionaries, protesting against China’s brutal arrest and prosecution system.
Almost two weeks after the Iranian oil tanker, Grace 1, was released from Gibraltar, the huge ship has yet to dock. It is still sailing around in the Mediterranean Sea waters, without a clear final destination. The USA nonetheless insists that it is convinced that the ship’s final destination is none other than Syria. Seemingly, Iran is keen on selling the oil on board, but the US is trying to prevent that. The ship is part of escalating geopolitical jousting between Tehran and Washington.
Brexit is the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, after the referendum held on 23 June 2016. The HBO documentary Brexit depicts the behind the scenes experience of the referendum. The UK is a constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system of governance that is based off of the Westminster system. Executive power rests in the hands of Her Majesty’s Government, the prime minister and the cabinet who are all members of the Privy Council. Legislative power is held within the bicameral parliament, the House of Commons and the House of Lords, the former being elected and the later appointed.
According to official British data, the number of Chinese students studying in the UK last year has increased by 30% from the previous year. This fall, the number of Chinese students studying in the UK will reach a new high. Although many universities in the UK have been in the new school year for a while, most students have already received admission notices, and are preparing for admission. That includes Chinese students going to the UK for undergraduate and postgraduate studies.
Leaked British government documents say the UK could encounter a shortage of fuel, food, and medicine if they leave the European Union without an agreement in October. The documents, published in the Sunday Times, reveal predictions of chaos in the UK, and the return of roadblocks on the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, which could fuel protests.
After less than two weeks in office, Boris Johnson appears to have failed his first electoral test as Britain’s Prime Minister. Welsh Liberal Democrat leader Jane Dodds won the Brecon and Radnorshire by-election on Thursday, defeating embattled Tory incumbent Christopher Davies by 1,425 votes, and cutting the government’s majority in the Commons to just one. That includes the Conservative Party’s shotgun partners from Ulster, the Democratic Unionist Party. With fears of a no-deal Brexit very real, and very much back on the table, that number could shrink even further by the end of the week.
British Prime Minister, Boris Johnson on Monday doubled an offensive to boost his Brexit goals. On the one part, he announced an investment plan of 300 million pounds (329 million euros) in Scotland, a territory mostly contrary to an EU exit, especially without a pact. On the other hand, the conservative leader’s office sent a harsh message to the EU, warning that Johnson will not negotiate with Brussels if the safeguard included in the exit agreement is not withdrawn before avoiding a hard border in Ireland.
Amid ongoing saber rattling between the United States and Iran, two European envoys have been dispatched to attempt to save the Iran Nuclear Deal. Emmanuel Bonne, representing French President Emmanuel Macron, was in Tehran this week, and British Foreign Minister (and Prime Ministerial candidate) Jeremy Hunt is headed for Brussels. Meanwhile, Iran says it’s ready to talk, conditionally. It seems unlikely the United States will be as willing to listen.
British police have launched an investigation into an alleged leak of e-mails from the British ambassador in Washington criticizing the administration of US President Donald Trump. Deputy police commissioner Neil Basu said there was “clear public interest” in bringing officials to justice. Sir Kim Darroch resigned as an ambassador on Wednesday, saying it was “not possible” for him to continue.
Iranian ships tried to seize a British oil tanker in the Strait of Hormuz, the UK government said. This happened a week after British marines detained an Iranian tanker in the Strait of Gibraltar.
As stated by the British government, the incident occurred on Wednesday into the Strait of Hormuz: three Iranian boats tried to prevent the passage of British Heritage a commercial vessel but were forced to retreat when the HMS Montrose tanker escorting crew demanded they withdraw.
The case is unprecedented: one of the most important figures in British diplomacy, an ambassador to Washington, forced to submit his resignation after his negative analysis of the American administration leaked in the press. On Wednesday, July 10, Kim Darroch felt that he could no longer fulfill his role after the publication of British diplomatic cables in the Daily Mail where he describes US President Donald Trump as “inept,” “unstable,” and “incompetent.”
Diplomacy is also an art of courtesy. But not behind the scenes: After Donald Trump’s visit to Europe, the British Ambassador to the US wrote an extraordinary briefing.
Previously, the British newspaper Mail on Sunday reported on Kim Darroch’s secret briefings to the State Department in London, in which the ambassador expressed extremely negative comments about the functioning of the government in Washington – also with regard to Trump’s foreign policy.
And then there were two. The race to replace Theresa May as leader of the Conservative and Unionist Party, and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, is down to its final candidates. Heavily-favored Boris Johnson will face the surprising Jeremy Hunt, who took Johnson’s job as Foreign Secretary when he resigned in protest of May’s Brexit deal. The winner will be decided by the party’s 160,000 grassroots members some time late next month. It is a contrast in styles, abilities, and Brexit itself.
Today following the world news can be seen in a world at unrest. In these countries especially is apparent World Unrest:
Khazakhstan – The world’s largest land locked country and the ninth largest in the world with an area of 2,724,900 square kilometers. It is a democratic secular republic with a diverse heritage. After the elections resulting in the overwhelming victory of interim president Toqaev began wave of protests against the lack of fairness in the elections.
The race for arguably the least-desirable job in global politics may be turning in to a cakewalk. Boris Johnson, former London Mayor, Foreign Secretary, and current brash Brexiteer, appears to be cruising to 10 Downing Street, to succeed Theresa May as leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Johnson easily topped his rivals in the first round of voting among Tory MPs Thursday. Eventually, all but two candidates will be eliminated, giving the party’s 160,000 faithful the final choice. As is typically the case in electoral politics, winning the job will be the easy part.
US President Donald Trump has landed in London today. On his state visit, he wants to meet with, among others, Queen Elizabeth II and Prime Minister May. Shortly before Air Force One landed at Stansted Airport, Trump tweeted about London’s mayor.
Audience with the Queen
The focus today for Trump is on ceremonies for his honor. First, he and his wife Melania arrived at Buckingham Palace and met with Queen Elizabeth II. Later, the presidential couple will lay down a wreath at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at Westminster Abbey.
The country’s youngest-ever Chancellor officially became it’s shortest-serving, and the first since the war to be brought down by a vote of no-confidence on Monday. Already headed for snap elections in the fall, the move was largely seen as necessary by the newly-enlarged opposition to avoid giving Sebastian Kurz an advantage. If Austrians were cross with Kurz, they sure didn’t show it on Sunday. His People’s Party (ÖVP) gained two seats, at the expense of his now-former coalition partners, the Freedom Party (FPÖ), and Greens.
In a possible dress rehearsal for European elections later this month, British voters took out their frustrations on the two major parties in local elections on Thursday. Prime Minister Theresa May’s Conservatives got the worst of it, losing some 1,300 city councilors, and more than 40 councils, compared to their 2015 figures. Labour fared no better, dropping about 80 councilors, and losing control of a half-dozen city councils. For good measure, even pro-Brexit UKIP, big winners four years ago, lost almost all their seats Thursday night.
- On the day the United Kingdom was originally set to leave the European Union, it is no clearer how, when, or even if Brexit will occur. Prime Minister Theresa May’s withdrawal agreement was rejected on Friday, again, by 58 votes. Ms. May had, apparently, attempted to sweeten the deal by offering to leave if her agreement passed.
- The European Union’s remaining 27 member states voted on Thursday to delay the United Kingdom’s planned exit. Instead of the original March 28 deadline, Prime Minister Theresa May will have until May 22— the day before European Parliament elections— to get her divorce deal through Westminster. Otherwise, the UK will be out by April 12.
- In a series of non-binding votes last week, Parliament approved a short delay of Britain’s divorce from the European Union, and ruled out the possibility of a no-deal Brexit. They also resoundingly rejected both Prime Minister Theresa May’s deal and a second referendum.
- #1 Germany: Economy stalled in the final quarter of last year, just skirting recession as fallout from global trade disputes and Brexit put the brakes on a decade of expansion amid signs that exports will stay subdued for the time being.
- #2 UK: Economy expanded at its slowest annual rate in six years in 2018 after a sharp contraction in December. Growth in the year was 1.4%, down from 1.8% in 2017 and the slowest rate since 2012. Blame factory output and car production for the slowdown, among other factors.
- SYRIA: Israeli fighter planes struck Syrian and Iranian targets late Sunday night and early Monday morning, according to an IDF spokesman. The attack was in retaliation to a missile launched by Iranian forces, which was intercepted by the Iron Dome.
- UNITED KINGDOM: Prime Minister Theresa May will consider amending the Good Friday Agreement, which ended decades of violence in Northern Ireland, as part of her “Plan B” Brexit deal. The plan must be presented to Parliament on Monday.
- GUATEMALA: About 500 Hondurans reached Tecún Umán, on the border of Guatemala and Mexico, as part of a new caravan hoping to reach the U.S. President Trump, meanwhile, continued to demand funding for a wall to keep them out.
- CHINA: Coming as no tremendous surprise to analysts, China announced its economy grew at 6.6% in 2018, the lowest official pace in 28 years. The announcement comes amid Beijing’s ongoing trade dispute with the United States, its largest trading partner.
- CONGO: In a surprise move Thursday, the Southern African Development Community abandoned calls for a recount in the disputed Democratic Republic of Congo’s presidential election. Their decision to back opposition candidate Felix Tshisekedi’s victory indicates a delicate balancing act for the 16-member bloc.
- PREVIOUS: International Roundup: Kurds, Canada, Congo, Caracas
- After numerous withdrawals and delays, Tuesday appears to be D-Day for Prime Minister Theresa May’s Brexit deal. Her agreement with the European Union will almost certainly be defeated in the long-awaited “meaningful vote” in the House of Commons.
- Jeremy Corbyn, Leader of the Opposition Labour Party, is expected to table a dramatic vote of no confidence in May’s government within hours of the expected defeat. If passed, it would force an early general election.
- Less than a week before the meaningful vote, May’s government suffered an embarrassing defeat in the Commons by a vote of 308-297. If May’s agreement goes down, she will be forced to present a new one within three days.
- Meanwhile, police have advised retailers to consider hiring extra security, should a no-deal Brexit lead to panic buying by consumers. Contingency planners are concerned disruption of ports caused by a hard Brexit could lead to shortages of goods.
- On the other side of the isle, in Thanet, reports of “Project Fear” are met with laughter by a population that can’t wait to get on with it. Put bluntly, one resident of the port town of Ramsgate said, “no deal is fine.”
- CHINA: Presidents Xi Jinping of China and Donald Trump of the United States remain optimistic about a possible trade deal between their two countries. The two spoke on the phone Saturday, and hope to reach a deal during the 90-day ceasefire period, which was announced at the G-20 summit.
- BRITAIN: Home Secretary Sajid Javid agreed to a joint action plan with French counterpart Christophe Castaner to tackle a rise of migrants trying to reach Britain in small boats. Some 220 people have attempted to cross the English Channel since November.
- CONGO: Long-delayed presidential elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo are underway. Voters in the capital, Kinshasa, braved torrential rain, long delays, and broken machines to participate in what might be the first peaceful transfer of power in the nation’s history.
- VENEZUELA: The Venezuelan government announced it is willing to investigate a plot to assassinate Colombian President Ivan Duque, involving three of its nationals. Relations between the neighboring countries— and the leaders personally— have been tense.
- BANGLADESH: Bangladesh’s leading lady, Sheikh Hasina, won a third term as Prime Minister Sunday, amid widespread claims of vote-rigging. Seventeen people were killed across the country as the vote took place.
- PREVIOUS: International Roundup: Detain, Delay, Defeat, Defect
- British Prime Minister Theresa May survived a leadership challenge from her own party on Wednesday, 200-117. While this ensures she can retain her job for, at least, another year, she has indicated she will stand down before the next general election.
- With her party bitterly divided, and with little to no help from other parties, Prime Minister May’s chances at passing her Brexit deal through Parliament appear more troubled than ever. The government must vote on her agreement by January 21, or come up with another plan.
- The sticking point is the Irish “backstop,” an assurance of last resort in the event of a no-deal Brexit, that a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland can be avoided. However, it remains unclear to Brussels what London wants.
- The confidence vote was spearheaded by the European Research Group, a faction of Hard Brexit-supporting Conservatives. They remain firmly opposed to the Withdrawal Agreement, particularly the “backstop,” which they argue will keep the UK under EU rules indefinitely.
- Meanwhile, momentum continues to build, quietly, for a second Brexit referendum. The Scottish Conservatives are denying reports they may be on board, but Nigel Farage, former leader of the pro-Brexit UK Independence Party, has told Leave Means Leave supporters to get ready.
- PREVIOUS: World Awaits Tuesday Vote on Brexit Deal
- British Prime Minister Theresa May is widely expected to lose a parliamentary vote on her Brexit deal Tuesday, perhaps by a substantial margin. The rest of the political and financial world is standing by to see what happens next.
- Cabinet ministers have warned a no-deal Brexit could mean disruption at Dover and other English Channel ports for up to six months. Britons have already begun stockpiling food and medicine, fearing this worst-case scenario.
- Brexiteer Conservative MPs remain unconvinced by what they’re calling “Project Fear on steroids.” Those advocates of a so-called Clean Brexit, like outspoken backbencher Jacob Rees-Mogg, have savaged May’s deal.
- Soft Brexit supporters may push for a Norway-like deal as a possible Plan B. This would keep Britain in the single market and customs union, yet relegate the UK to that of a non-voting EU member.
- A second referendum also remains a slim possibility, for which both Leave and Remain sides are quietly preparing. Yet, it’s not even clear what the ballot paper would look like, should one be ordered up by Parliament.
- British politicians in favor of leaving the EU criticized the agreement reached after more than a year and a half of negotiations. The UK has become bound to the EU under unfavorable terms and MPs floated the idea of unseating Prime Minister Theresa May.
- Come hell or high water, Britain is legally out of the EU on March 29, 2019. May’s deal would create a transition period lasting until December 2020 to give Britain and the EU time to hash out a final agreement on trade and other matters.
- The looming prospect of a no-deal Brexit is spooking markets. The Sterling tanked and the cost of U.K. government debt rose. Britain’s state-owned bank RBS fell by 9%. While a no-deal Brexit would be priced in ahead of the actual event, there would clearly be considerable market disruption.
- Experts say no chance for a second Brexit referendum. UK’s deal on the table or a ‘no deal. Option B would be to extend the deadline. This would mean that Brexit has not been delivered.
- EU and UK negotiators are hammering out a document this weekend to outline the kind of relationship they intend to have with one another. The EU is determined to keep calm and carry on with the deal.
- Gold scaled a near one-week peak as investors sought cover from market turmoil after Britain’s long-awaited draft agreement to leave the EU was thrown into chaos, helping Gold hold its ground against a rising dollar.