- The defense agreement "reduces bureaucratic processes" in the trade of military products between both countries.
- The USA and Brazil have stepped up pressure against the de facto ruler of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro.
- Maduro accused the White House of planning a war with Venezuela involving its neighbors.
Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro signed a defense agreement in Miami Sunday, enabling joint development of military capabilities with the United States. The signing took place a day after U.S. President Donald Trump received Bolsonaro at his residence and Mar-a-Lago golf club in Palm Beach, near Miami.
The agreement that directs United States military operations in the Caribbean, Central and South America was signed without statements to the press. After Saturday night’s meeting, the two leaders discussed the Venezuelan crisis and reiterated their support for the opposition leader, Juan Guaidó, whom they recognize as Venezuela’s interim president.
The defense agreement “reduces bureaucratic processes” in the trade of military products between both countries. It also opens the market from the United States to Brazil and facilitates the entry of Brazilian products in 28 other member countries of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Brazil is not a member, but has been designated by the United States as a “preferred extra-NATO ally.”
In March last year, the two presidents signed a technological safeguards agreement that allows the use of the Alcântara base, in Maranhão, to launch American rockets.
Pressure on Maduro
The USA and Brazil have stepped up pressure against the de facto ruler of Venezuela, Nicolas Maduro. Both Both are part of the 50 or so countries that consider Maduro illegitimate, and instead recognize Guaidó as interim president.
Trump and Bolsonaro “reiterated their countries’ support for democracy in the region, including Interim President of Venezuela Juan Guaidó and the democratically elected Venezuelan National Assembly as they work to restore constitutional order in Venezuela,” a joint statement read.
In short statements to the press, Trump praised the Brazilian Prsident. “He’s doing a fantastic job. Great job. Brazil loves him, and the USA loves him,” Trump told reporters after dinner. Bolsonaro, who recognizes himself as a great admirer of his American counterpart, did not give statements to the press.
On Thursday, the Brazilian government ordered the withdrawal of all its diplomats and foreign service officials from Venezuela, and asked Maduro to withdraw his diplomats from Brazilian territory. In Caracas, the Venezuelan ruler on Friday denounced an alleged US plan to unleash a conflict that would justify military intervention in Venezuela with the help of neighbors, Colombia and Brazil.
“From the White House, a plan has been decided to bring war to Venezuela,” Maduro said during a televised speech at his presidential palace in the capital late on Friday. “Donald Trump has given the order to fill Venezuela with violence” with the support of Guaido, who he once again called “puppet.”
“And now, Jair Bolsonaro was quoted in the Donald Trump’s mansion in Miami, the only issue is pushing Brazil into an armed conflict with Venezuela, [that] is the only issue he has with Jair Bolsonaro, and from Venezuela we denounce him,” Maduro added. He went on to say that “we are asking the democratic and humanitarian circles, the people of Brazil and the armed forces [of that country] to stop any adventures against Venezuela by Trump-backed Jair Bolsonaro.”