Turkey’s Past, Present and Future Conflicts

  • Erdogan said that he considers Turkey to be part of Europe.
  • Erdogan is empowered by his "triumph" in Azerbaijan.
  • The analysis of an ancient information concludes that Europe and Asia were sharply opposed only from the era of the Greco-Persian wars.

The President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan, made a statement that Turkey is part of Europe. Hence, making a claim that Turkey is part of Europe is a strategic move, and yet another attempt to join the European Union. President Erdogan has also been accused of wanting to restore the Ottoman Empire.

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is a Turkish politician serving as the 12th and current President of Turkey since 2014. He previously served as Prime Minister from 2003 to 2014 and as Mayor of Istanbul from 1994 to 1998.

Furthermore, the analysis of ancient information concludes that Europe and Asia were sharply opposed only from the era of the Greco-Persian wars. Thus, Thucydides, who worked in the second half of the fifth century BC, mentions the name “Europe” only twice.

First, pointing out that the Persians left Europe after the Battle of Plataea in 479 BC, and describing the Scythian Kingdom as the largest in Europe.

Hippocrates, who was born almost simultaneously with Thucydides, but significantly outlived him, paid considerable attention to the topic of Europe. In his work “On Airs, Waters and Places,” Hippocrates puts forward the original concept of Europe as a “continent of freedom.”

Moreover, it was during the war between the Greeks and Persians that the neutral geographical term “Europe” gradually acquired the new meaning. Previously, “Europe” and “Asia” differed in languages and cultural features that were noticed by the Greek colonizers of Asia Minor (Anatolia).

However, during the war with the Persians, “Europe” and “Asia” also came to symbolize different systems of government. The Polis, the city-state as a symbol of political freedom, opposed itself to the Empire as a symbol of despotism and slavery.

The difference between Greece and Persia was projected onto entire “parts of the world.” Europe was perceived by the Greeks as the “continent of freedom,” as opposed to Asia, the “continent of despotism.”

The Sublime Ottoman Empire was a state that controlled much of Southeastern Europe, Western Asia, and Northern Africa between the 14th and early 20th centuries.

Additionally, for a certain period, Turkey owned these European territories. Therefore, it is not surprising that President Erdogan is making these claims. His long term strategy is to undermine Europe and gain access to the EU. Once in, he will start destroying Western Europe from within.

At the same time, it is obvious that Turkey does not have the strength and means to resist the EU. Nevertheless, organizing a large number of conflicts (Syria, Libya, Nagorno-Karabakh, Cyprus, Eastern Mediterranean) impacts the economy and political sphere of Turkey in a negative way.

President Erdogan is empowered with the Nagorno-Karabakh “triumph.” Overall, Turks received way less what they wanted, as Azerbaijan was not completely retuned to them. It should be noted that it is more than Azerbaijan should have gotten.

However, the Prime Minister of Armenia, Nikol Pashinyan, betrayed his own national interests. He allowed President Erdogan the opportunity to sharply increase pressure in the Eastern Mediterranean, actually preparing a war there.

Turkish Northern Cyprus is guaranteed to try to regain Famagusta, which in all positions should be under the control of the Republic of Cyprus. Turkey’s main opponent in this regard will be Greece, to which the “generous” EU has decided to allocate €72 billion now and €1.8 trillion within seven years. 

President Erdogan will continue to escalate conflicts until he is stopped. The question remains if Joe Biden will step in or if NATO continues using Turkey is a tool and President Erdogan will continue to be unpunished.

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Christina Kitova

I spent most of my professional life in finance, insurance risk management litigation.

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