- According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the number of displaced people in the world has doubled in the last ten years.
- War, terror, and economic collapse are the main causes of human displacement.
- Germany is the fifth country to host refugees.
Nearly 80 million people around the world have been forced to flee their homes due to war and conflict, fear of terror and violence, as well as economic collapse and poverty. According to a recent report released by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) on Thursday, the number of refugees in the world has reached 79.5 million.
This is the largest number of refugees in the world to date, accounting for about one percent of the world’s population. The number of displaced people in the world has increased by about 9 million compared to 2018, according to the United Nations. The UNHCR has been investigating the number of refugees and displaced people around the world for 70 years.
The UNHCR has cited the Syrian civil war and Venezuela’s economic and political turmoil as the biggest factors in increasing the number of refugees in the world last year. Asylum seekers and refugees have been forced to flee their homelands due to war or harassment at the country’s internal borders.
According to the report, by the end of last year, about 29.5 million people had fled to another country, and 45.7 million had been displaced. The number of internally displaced people in the countries has also increased by about four and a half million.
The number of asylum seekers who have not yet been decided on their status has also increased by more than 4 million (about 20 percent compared to 2018) compared to a year earlier.
Number Doubles in Ten Years
The number of displaced people in the world in 2010 was estimated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) at around 40 million. Currently, that number has doubled. According to the organization, the main reason for the significant increase in the number of displaced people is internal conflicts, especially the wars in Syria, South Sudan, and Yemen.
“We are witnessing a different reality that is no longer short-term and temporary,” said Filippo Grandi, the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, about the increase in the number of refugees over the past 10 years. According to Grandi, the displaced have been living in the camps for years without any hope of a bright future.
“We need a fundamentally new and more accepting attitude towards all who flee, coupled with a much more determined drive to unlock conflicts that go on for years and that are at the root of such immense suffering,” Grandi added.
More than two-thirds of asylum seekers who have fled to other countries are from five countries. Among the displaced are about 6.5 million from Syria, 3.7 million from Venezuela, 2.7 million from Afghanistan, 2.2 million from South Sudan, and more than 1 million from Myanmar.
The largest number of asylum seekers in the world live in Turkey (more than 3.5 million people). Colombia (close to 2 million people), and Pakistan and Uganda (about 1.5 million people) host the next-largest numbers of refugees in the world.
Asylum seekers in Europe
According to the UNHCR, fewer than 10 percent of the world’s refugees are domestic refugees. Due to the increase in the number of displaced people in the world, and taking into account the statistics of domestic refugees, this amount has decreased by about 3.24% in total.
Germany remains the fifth-largest host country for refugees. About 1.1 million people are registered as refugees in this country. That’s about 83,000 more than last year. This is mainly true of people who have been to Germany before, and whose cases have recently been investigated. The number of asylum seekers in Germany dropped by about 60,000 last year to 309,000.