Understanding Skin Cancer And Its Regimen

  • Understand skin cancer properly to have a better treatment.
  • Knowing the "ABCs" or signs of melanoma can help you catch it early when it is most curable.
  • There are several regimens or treatments formulated to cure skin cancer.

Skin cancer like Basal cell carcinoma (BCC), squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), and melanoma each arise from different cell types in the top layer of the skin. They are far more common than melanoma, and also less dangerous. When detected and treated early, they can nearly be cured. Melanoma is the deadliest form of skin cancer and it has the tendency to aggressively spread beyond the skin, to lymph nodes and internal organs. Thankfully, however, the vast majority of melanomas are caught early and cured.

Greater than 90% of cases are caused by exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the Sun. This exposure increases the risk of all three main types of skin cancer. Exposure has increased partly due to a thinner ozone layer. Tanning beds are becoming another common source of ultraviolet radiation. For melanomas and basal-cell cancers exposure during childhood is particularly harmful. For squamous-cell skin cancers total exposure, irrespective of when it occurs, is more important. Between 20% and 30% of melanomas develop from moles. People with light skin are at higher risk as are those with poor immune function such as from medications or HIV/AIDS. Diagnosis is by biopsy.

It is usually raised pink areas that are scaly, shiny, crusted, or non-healing but Melanoma is typically brown, black, or multicolored. Knowing the “ABCs” or signs of melanoma can help you catch it early when it is most curable.

  • An (Asymmetry) — Melanomas often have an asymmetrical border, whereas benign moles are usually symmetrical.
  • B (Border irregularity) — Melanomas often have ragged or notched borders, whereas benign moles usually don’t.
  • C (color) — Melanomas often contain multiple shades of brown or black within a single mole, whereas benign moles are generally one shade.
  • D (Diameter) — Early melanomas are 6mm or larger, while benign moles are generally less than 6mm.
  • E (Evolution) — The symmetry, border, color or diameter of a mole has changed over time.

After a thorough observation, notify your primary care doctor if you find spots that match the descriptions above. In general, skin cancer grows with time, and if you have any question, the best approach is to get your skin checked by a professional such as Sundoctors who is an experienced bunch of professionals and have dealt with a variety of complex cases successfully.

Making a habit of regularly checking your entire skin surface from head to toe, perhaps once a month makes you just get familiar with the types of spots you have. It is an important part of skin cancer prevention and detection which will help you to alert your doctor to any suspicious moles. To help guide your self-exam, check out these points: –

  • Perform a thorough skin check regularly once a month in a brightly lit room in front of a full-length mirror.
  • Go over your entire body carefully, noting any new or suspicious-looking moles.
  • One can even record their self-exam results by creating a “body map” or “mole map.”
  • You can even take the help of a hand mirror to see difficult spots like the top of the scalp or back of the legs.
  • Enlist your family member to check some part of the area which you are unable or hard to see.
  • Know the basis or ABCs of Melanoma to understand every change on your body.

Depending upon the proximity and stage of skin cancer a dermatologist will consider your personal needs to plan the drugs, doses and schedules of regimen and treatments. Several regimen or treatments have been formulated to cure skin cancer like: –

  • Drug therapy is sometimes used to treat non-melanoma skin cancer, and they can be given in different ways. It is also given for different reasons because:
  • It destroys cancer cells on the skin
  • It also slows the growth and spread of cancer.
  • It shrinks a tumour before other treatments such as surgery or radiation therapy.
  • Even destroys cancer cells left behind after surgery.
  • Relieves or control symptoms of advanced non-melanoma skin cancer
  • Topical therapy uses a cream or gel to put drugs directly on the skin.
  • Imiquimod is a type of immunotherapy drug called an immune response modifier used to destroy cancer cells. It may be used to treat small, superficial basal cell carcinoma on the neck, trunk, arms or legs.
  • Targeted therapy uses drugs to target specific molecules on or inside cancer cells. By targeting these molecules, the drugs stop the growth and spread of cancer cells while limiting harm to normal cells.
  • Systemic chemotherapy uses an anticancer drug that travels through the bloodstream to destroy cancer cells.

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Craig Evans

My name is Craig Evans. I am a finance fanatic and tech junkie based in Sydney, Australia. I like to impart my knowledge and share insights on the latest business industry news, marketing and leadership tips.

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