- The rule change was presented by the Justice and National Security departments of President Donald Trump's government.
- Trump, who arrived in the White House in January 2017 with the promise of a hard-line policy on migration, declared a national emergency because of the "humanitarian crisis."
- Trump reached an agreement with Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to strengthen his southern border with Guatemala.
The United States government said yesterday it will never grant asylum to immigrants who did not request it in a “safe third country” in a new attempt to reduce the flow of migrants along the border with Mexico, mainly from Central America. Strict measures should reach migrants arriving along the Mexican border. Strict rules are making it difficult to grant benefits to applicants who have transited through other countries before arriving in the US.
“With limited exceptions, an alien who enters or attempts to enter the United States across the southern border after failing to apply for protection in a third country outside the alien’s country of citizenship, nationality, or last lawful habitual residence through which the alien transited en route to the United States is ineligible for asylum,” the rule states and takes effect on Tuesday.
Thus, a foreigner who arrives in the US along the southern border will have to file an application for protection to a country that he or she has passed before arriving in the United States. For example, a Honduran who leaves his country and travels through Guatemala and Mexico before arriving at the border will have to apply to at least one of these countries before requesting the benefit in the United States.
The rule change was presented by the Justice and National Security departments of President Donald Trump’s government. The order was released on the same day that a meeting was scheduled between Trump and Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales at the White House amid rumors about the possibility of signing an agreement to make Guatemala a third country safe for migrants seeking asylum in the US.
However, the Guatemala Constitutional Court granted a provisional condition last night so that Guatemala will not be transformed into a third country safe for migrants.
In a statement, US Interim Homeland Security Secretary Kevin McAleenan said that this measure will reduce “the sweeping” weight on the national system “caused by asylum seekers who do not seek urgent protection in the first available country.” US law allows asylum-seekers to apply when they arrive at the border, regardless of their route, but has an exception for those who do so through a third country that is considered “safe.” At present, however, the US only has a specific agreement in that regard in which Canada is recognized as a “safe third country.”
Trump, who arrived in the White House in January 2017 with the promise of a hard-line policy on migration, declared a national emergency because of the “humanitarian crisis” he believes is occurring on the border with Mexico and accused the Northern Triangle of Central America (Honduras, Guatemala, and El Salvador) of not working hard to stem the flow of migrants.
A few weeks ago, Trump reached an agreement with Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador to strengthen his southern border with Guatemala and host asylum seekers to the US in the process of waiting. For its part, the government of Guatemala announced yesterday that the meeting that was scheduled for Monday in the White House between Jimmy Morales would be rescheduled.