What is Alopecia Areata?

  • Might experience a small round patch of hair loss occurring in the scalp or on the face or any other part of your body.
  • On the scalp, you might experience baldness on one side than on both sides.
  • A considerable amount of hair loss occurs within a short period of time.

Are you new to this term and don’t know what it exactly is? Alopecia areata is the term used to refer to the autoimmune skin disease that causes hair loss in small round patches on the scalp and could lead to generalized baldness.

This is one of the non-scarring types of skin disease, so you cannot find any scar on the scalp. For some, new hair grows given some period of time. On average, it would take about one year to recover from this disease and might vary from person to person.

It is always recommended to treat this disease in its early occurrence. For the best alopecia areata treatment in Pune, visit one of the top hospitals when you come across some of these symptoms:

Symptoms that exhibit this disease: 

It is not possible to find out the correct symptoms for this skin disease since different people come across different symptoms. Some people experience this kind of hair loss temporarily, whereas some would-be affected permanently.

But there found to be a few similar symptoms that occur for everybody that is affected with alopecia areata. So, if you feel that you have been affected by this skin disease, then you should be checking these common symptoms :

  • Might experience a small round patch of hair loss occurring in the scalp or on the face or any other part of your body.
  • On the scalp, you might experience baldness on one side than on both sides.
  • A considerable amount of hair loss occurs within a short period of time.
  • At the same time, you might experience hair loss in one part and see hair regrowth at different parts of the body.
Not everyone affected by this disease requires treatment.

What is the cause of this disease?

Alopecia areata is an autoimmune disease, which means that this disease occurs when your body’s immune system fights against the normal cells (in this case, the good hair follicle cells), and there is also a possibility that virus and bacteria play a role.

Based on many pieces of research, experts believe that in several cases, there is some kind of genetic predisposition to the disease. And it turns out to be, around 20% of the people who are diagnosed with this disease have a family member who also experiences this issue. This is called a complex polygenic disease, meaning it arises due to interaction with multiple genes.

So there is an increased chance for you to develop alopecia areata if you have a close relative who has this disease. The chance is increased more if that person has experienced this before the age of 30.

Stress is one of the significant causes of the majority of hair problems. Stress itself is not responsible for the cause of alopecia areata, but it triggers an inflammatory hormone called cortisol that causes this condition to arise.

Treatments that can be followed for this condition:

Not everyone affected by this disease requires treatment. In the case of mild disease, people experience a considerable amount of hair regrowth within a period of time without any treatment or medications.

However, some people would require treatment depending on the person’s immunity and the severity of the disease. In such cases, the following treatments could be of help:

Anthralin 

Anthralin was basically found to cure a different skin disease known as psoriasis, but later it was found to be curing people with mild alopecia areata. This treatment should be carried out with safety since it could cause irritation on the skin and eyes. Usually, with the usage of anthralin, the affected person can experience hair regrowth within 4-5 months.

Topical Immunotherapy

Topical immunotherapy is one of the most effective treatments for patients who are dealing with problems in their scalp. During this treatment, a substance is applied to the area where the person has experienced hair loss. This substance causes itching, irritation, and scaling, which results in regrowth of the hair in that area.

If you want to practice this treatment for alopecia areata, finding an experienced skin doctor who deals with this alopecia areata treatment in Pune would be the best option.

Topical Minoxidil

Minoxidil is an approved drug to treat androgenetic alopecia, which is otherwise known as male pattern hair loss and is also found useful among people with mild alopecia areata. This treatment is not effective for people with severe alopecia areata or full scalp hair loss.

This treatment involves applying the foam formulation on the hair loss area twice a day, and it can also be used alongside another treatment. Topical minoxidil lengthens the growth phase of the hair follicles and results in hair growth. This treatment yields the desired result for the patient within 12 weeks.

Sylvia james

Sylvia James is a copywriter and content strategist. She helps businesses stop playing around with content marketing and start seeing the tangible ROI. She loves writing as much as she loves the cake.


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