- According to federal officials, there have been two factors that have contributed to this achievement.
- The volume of renewable energy was about 51.2%
- Germany is still dependent on other energy sources, but the transition to renewable energy is progressing rapidly.
The Federal Statistics Office of Germany (Destatis) reported Thursday that for the first time, about 35 percent of electricity generation in Germany comes from wind energy, making it the largest source of electricity in the country. In the first quarter of 2020, more than 72 billion kilowatts of energy came from renewable, rather than conventional sources of energy.
Energy production in Germany has gone up to 21.5 percent more electricity to the global grid than in the first quarter of 2019. According to federal officials, there have been two factors that have contributed to this achievement: first, the decline in fossil and nuclear energy production compared to last year, and second, “a very windy quarter” in the first quarter of this year that accelerated turbine rotation.
This year, exploitation of traditional (fossil) energy was nearly 22 percent lower than in the first quarter of 2019, and coal energy consumption fell by about 33.5 percent. About one-fifth (over 22 percent) of total electricity was generated from coal-fired power plants, up from one-third (more than 31 percent) in the same period last year.
Nuclear energy production has also declined by about 17 percent compared to last year, to about 11.6 percent of total energy. Overall, in the first quarter of this year (2020), about 48.8 percent of the world’s total electricity came from traditional, fossil, nuclear, and gas energies.
The volume of renewable energy was about 51.2%. Therefore, the volume of renewable energy from non-combustible sources has increased by 15% compared to the previous year. According to experts, the Coronavirus crisis never had a decisive effect on electricity consumption.
Germany Free of Nuclear Energy, Coal
German nuclear power plants will be shut down by 2022. During this time, coal-fired power generation must be reduced, and electricity generation must be accelerated from renewable energy sources. Otherwise, Germany will not be able to achieve its goals, either nationally or internationally.
By 2050, carbon emissions, the most important greenhouse gas emissions, should be dropped by about 80 to 95 percent compared to 1990. Also, since electricity will replace coal, oil, and gas in many sectors by then, the importance of electricity generation will increase significantly.
German industry has been promising billions to secure itself in the face of rising electricity prices. The states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Brandenburg, Saxony and Saxony-Anhalt— known for the country’s coal-fired power plants— have called for mandatory guarantees in support of structural changes.
According to the commission’s final report, the states will receive about €40 billion from the federal government over more than 20 years. On the other hand, the Commission emphasizes that it wants to preserve the forests of Hambach and wants to prevent its destruction in favor of the development of the extraction of brown coal. In recent months, there have been fierce clashes between police and environmentalists over the destruction of the Hambach forests.